A campaign button is a pin used during an election as political advertising for (or against) a candidate or political party, or to proclaim the issues that are part of the political platform. In the United States, political buttons date as far back as President George Washington. They have taken many forms as the technology to create an image and mass production has allowed. In the late 18th and first half of the 19th century they were sewn-on clothing buttons, whereas the modern forms typically have pins on the back and are therefore also called pin-back buttons.
The first mass production of metal buttons dates to the 1896 William McKinley campaign for president with "celluloid" buttons with one side of a metal disk covered with paper (printed with the message) and protected by a layer of clear plastic.
Since 1916, buttons have also been produced by lithographing the image directly onto the metal disk. A celluloid-type button is fastened to a garment using a pin on the back side of the button (in recently produced buttons, the pin generally fits into a safety-pin-style catch). A lithographed button may fasten with a pinback or with a metal tab which folds over a lapel or pocket.
One of the most famous uses of campaign buttons occurred during the 1940 U.S. presidential election, when Wendell Willkie's campaign produced millions of lithographed slogan buttons in rapid response to news items about President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Recently, increasing advertising expenses and legal limits on expenditures have led many U.S. campaigns to abandon buttons in favor of disposable lapel stickers, which are much less expensive.
Another recent trend is the use of graphical campaign buttons, or "web buttons", that Internet users can place on their personal websites. Graphical campaign buttons are useful because they can be widely distributed for little cost.
However, wider availability of machines for producing celluloid-type buttons (as well as inkjet and laser printers and design software) now permit even small campaigns to produce or acquire buttons relatively inexpensively, even in small quantities.
Campaign button collecting exists as a hobby. The American Political Items Collectors is a non-profit membership organization, dedicated to promoting the collection, preservation and study of materials relating to political campaigns and the presidency. The most valuable example is believed to be a rare campaign button from the 1920 presidential election showing the likenesses of candidate James M. Cox and his running mate Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Librarians at Radcliffe College began collecting campaign buttons in the mid-19th century, starting with women's suffrage buttons. The Harvard Kennedy School library now holds a collection of thousands of buttons.
- "History of political stickers and buttons". www.stickermule.com. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
George Washington Inaugural Button, 1789
- ""Cal gets collectibles from old political campaigns"". Archived from the original on 2005-11-17. Retrieved 2006-05-14.
- Harper, Grant. "Canadian Political Pinback Buttons". The Wayback Times. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
Compared to our American cousins, we produce substantially less promotional bric-a-brac in both in types and number of items...About half of all Canadian pinbacks produced before 1930 were manufactured in America and sold in Canada via agents.
- "What is the APIC?".
- Arnet, Danielle. "The Smart Collector". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- Mitchell, Stephanie (March 24, 2016). "Political buttons trace political and social change". The Harvard Gazette. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
Political Buttons from the Busy Beaver Button Museum
- Media related to Campaign buttons at Wikimedia Commons
- U.S. Patent 401,094 Campaign Button, Patented 9 April 1889
Political Button examples from the Busy Beaver Button Museum https://www.buttonmuseum.org/category/political