From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TypeFree-to-air television system
Broadcast areaNationwide
Picture format1080i HDTV
OwnerBCE Inc.
ParentCTV Inc.
(Bell Media)
Sister channels
LaunchedSeptember 1, 1995
(First aired on CKVR-TV in Barrie)
September 7, 1998
(First national expansion)
FounderMoses Znaimer (as creator of "The New..." format at CKVR)[1]
Former names
  • NewNet (1998–2005)
  • A-Channel (2005–2008)
  • A (2008–2011)
  • CTV Two (2011–2018)

CTV 2 is a Canadian English-language television system owned by the Bell Media subsidiary of BCE Inc. The system consists of four terrestrial owned-and-operated television stations (O&Os) in Ontario, one in British Columbia and two regional cable television channels, one in Atlantic Canada and the other in Alberta (the latter formerly being the provincial educational channel in that province under the name Access Alberta).

The CTV 2 system began in 1995 as NewNet, which was originated from the station CKVR-TV, owned by CHUM Limited, who disaffiliated from the CBC and modeled its format aimed at younger viewers after its Citytv station, CITY-TV in Toronto. The NewNet system expanded with the acquisition of four Baton Broadcasting stations in Southern Ontario, followed by the launch of CIVI-TV in Vancouver Island. NewNet was rebranded to A-Channel in 2005 after acquiring the assets of Craig Media. In 2007, CHUM Limited was acquired by CTVglobemedia; to comply with Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) ownership limits, the Citytv stations were sold to Rogers Media, while the non-Citytv stations were relaunched as A in 2008 then again as CTV Two in 2011 with two former Astral Media stations in British Columbia joining the system in 2015.

CTV 2 provides complementary programming to Bell Media's larger CTV network, though since the late 2010s it has increasingly aired repeats in primetime, with only a handful of first-run programs apart from late-night talk shows (simulcast from NBC) and stations' local newscasts. It operates primarily in markets that overlap with the service area of an existing CTV station. CTV 2 broadcast covers all provinces in Canada except Quebec, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.


Beginning as NewNet[edit]

The logo of CKVR-TV during the "NewNet" era (1995–2005). NewNet stations prominently featured the last two letters of their call signs in their branding.

The system began to develop in 1995, at CKVR-TV in Barrie, Ontario. In September of that year, owner CHUM Limited dropped CKVR's longtime affiliation with CBC Television[2] and relaunched it as an independent station[3] with a more youthful image in order to generate interest from viewers in the neighbouring Toronto market, where CKVR had long been available on basic cable. This included adopting a news format similar to the CityPulse newscasts on sister station CITY-TV, replacing its various classic television shows with more contemporary series, and picking up a package of games for the Toronto Raptors, Toronto's then-new NBA franchise.[4] The resulting station became known as "The New VR".

The experiment was successful enough that CHUM replicated CKVR's format on stations it had acquired from Baton Broadcasting in 1997, namely CHRO in Pembroke, CFPL-TV in London, CKNX-TV in Wingham, and CHWI-TV in Windsor. Most of these stations were also former CBC affiliates, and in markets where CKVR's sister station, CITY-TV, was already or subsequently became available on basic cable. CIVI-DT in Victoria, British Columbia was added into the system at its launch in October 2001.

CHUM informally referred to these stations as the "NewNet".[5] That name was never used on-air on any of these stations; rather it served as a common identifier for the stations to advertising buyers (it was also used on news vehicles in Southwestern Ontario). On-air, each station was known as "The New XX", with XX representing the last two letters of the station's callsign (e.g., "The New WI" for CHWI, "The New RO" for CHRO, "The New PL" for CFPL, etc.)


A-Channel's original logo, 2005–2008

On March 15, 2005, CHUM announced that the NewNet stations would be relaunched as A-Channel by that fall. The rebrand took place on August 2, 2005, the same date that the former A-Channel stations in Winnipeg, Edmonton and Calgary, recently acquired by CHUM from Craig Media, were relaunched as Citytv.[6] The change reflected a shift towards a more traditional broadcasting model at these stations.

On July 12, 2006, Bell Globemedia announced a friendly takeover bid to buy CHUM Limited. The company initially intended to keep CHUM's Citytv system, while divesting the A-Channel and Access stations in order for the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to approve the acquisition.[7]

On April 9, 2007, Rogers Communications announced an agreement to purchase the A-Channel stations, along with the CBC Television affiliate in Brandon, Manitoba (CKX-TV) and several cable channels being put up for sale as part of the CTV transaction.[8] The CRTC announced its approval of the purchase of CHUM Limited by what was now known as CTVglobemedia, on June 8 of the same year, but added a condition that CTVgm must sell off CHUM's Citytv stations to another buyer. At the same time, it was permitted to keep the A-Channel stations, in effect cancelling the planned sale of A-Channel to Rogers.[9][10]

On June 22, 2007, CTVglobemedia finalized its purchase of the CHUM Limited stations, while the Citytv stations were sold to Rogers. The company initially intended to keep the A-Channel stations' branding and programming independent from the CTV Television Network. However, as with the relationship between Global and E!, CTV radically adjusted A-Channel's announced schedule over the summer of 2007 to make room for several series that could not be accommodated on the main network's fall schedule. Notably, A-Channel picked up CTV's rights to 30 Rock, Scrubs, Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory and Jeff Ltd. In October, CTV also moved Dirty Sexy Money and Big Shots, both of which had originally premiered on the main network, to A-Channel.

Later in the fall, CTV also replaced A-Channel's daily entertainment newscast, Star! Daily, with MTV e2 and strip reruns of Degrassi: The Next Generation, although new episodes of that series continued to air on CTV.

On July 26, 2007, CTVglobemedia named Richard Gray the head of news for the A-Channel stations and CKX-TV. Gray would report to the CTVgm corporate group, not CTV News, to preserve independent news presentation and management. Gray began to oversee the news departments for CKVR, CHRO, CFPL, CKNX, CHWI, CIVI and CKX.[11]

Final A logo, 2008 to 2011

Shortly after CTV took control of A-Channel and most of the other assets owned by CHUM, media analysts began to speculate that the A-Channel stations would be renamed in 2008.[12] Viewer surveys in 2007 and 2008 suggested that the names "Much TV"[13] and "CHUM TV" were under consideration.


At its fall upfronts presentation on June 2, 2008, CTV announced that it would reformat the A-Channel stations with a new look and new logo, becoming known as simply "A" (originally stylized as "'A'", then as "/A\" to mimic the visual style of its logo). In anticipation of the format change, A-Channel's press materials began using the "A" name that same month, and on-air personalities began referring to the local newscasts as A News instead of A-Channel News.

The on-air relaunch from A-Channel to A took place on August 11, 2008. On that same date, Atlantic Canada's Atlantic Satellite Network also joined the A television system as A Atlantic, and began to carry the entire A program lineup. In addition, Alberta's Access also adopted a new A-styled logo and began to feature the A lineup in certain prime time hours.[14]

Financial problems[edit]

On February 25, 2009, CTV announced that, given what it saw as ongoing structural problems facing the conventional television sector in Canada and the current global economic crisis, it would not seek to renew the licences of Wheatley's CHWI-TV (and its rebroadcaster in Windsor) and Wingham's CKNX-TV.[15] The stations were not expected to be converted to rebroadcasters of London's A station (CFPL) upon the expirations of their existing licences in August 2009; however, CTV had said news coverage for both areas would be provided by CFPL and CKCO. In addition, CTV also announced on February 19, 2009, that it would not apply to renew the licence of Brandon's CKX-TV beyond its August 31, 2009 expiration.[16]

CTV announced further cuts on March 3, 2009. The A Morning programs produced separately at CKVR and CFPL were cancelled outright effective March 4 and were replaced by repeats of the previous evening's newscasts, while CIVI replaced its A Morning show with a simulcast of CTVglobemedia's Victoria-based radio station CFAX (1070 AM), although those stations retain their evening newscasts. On the other hand, CHRO saw its A Morning program expanded from three hours daily to four hours daily, and launched a two-hour Saturday edition of A Morning, while cancelling its evening newscasts (which trailed those of CTV network station CJOH-TV). In all, 118 people, or 23% of all A employees, were laid off.[17] No cuts were announced for A Atlantic, which is already tightly integrated with CTV Atlantic.

On April 30, 2009, Shaw Communications announced that it would purchase CKX, CKNX, and CHWI for a dollar each, pending approval by the CRTC.[18] However, it was reported on June 30, 2009, that Shaw had backed out of the deal and declined to complete the purchase, putting the stations' futures in serious doubt.[19]

On July 8, 2009, CTV announced that it would keep CHWI open after the CRTC announced policy changes to increase funding for small-market television stations, and following lobbying efforts by the Windsor City Council, local Members of Provincial Parliament Sandra Pupatello and Dwight Duncan, and federal Members of Parliament Brian Masse and Joe Comartin to keep the only local privately owned television station in Windsor on air. In the same announcement, CTV indicated its intention to file an application with the CRTC to convert CKNX into a rebroadcaster of CFPL once that station shut down on August 31.[20] On July 16, CTV announced that it would sell CKX-TV to Bluepoint Investment Corporation for a dollar. The deal was expected to close by December 31, 2009, pending CRTC approval; however, it was rejected on October 1, prompting the station to cease operations the following day.[21][22]

CTV Two/CTV 2[edit]

On September 10, 2010, Bell Canada announced it re-acquire the assets of CTVglobemedia and the A system for $3.2 billion. The overall deal was approved by the CRTC on March 7, 2011 and was finalized on April 1, 2011 when it was relaunched as Bell Media.[23]

CTV Two logo, used from 2011 to 2018

On May 30, 2011, Bell Media (in conjunction with its contractor, the Troika Design Group) announced that it would extend the CTV brand to the A television system, for the start of the 2011-12 television season. As such, A was relaunched as CTV Two on August 29, 2011, with local newscasts in most markets rebranded from A News to CTV News, and the morning shows produced in Ottawa and Atlantic Canada becoming CTV Morning Live, ending nearly three years of the "A" brand. Additionally, an HD feed for the system launched on August 31, 2011.[24][25][26][27]

As part of the relaunch, Bell expanded the system's coverage area. Alberta's provincial education channel Access (which had aired a limited amount of A programming) was renamed CTV Two Alberta and began carrying the full CTV Two primetime lineup excluding local CTV News programming.[28] On June 17, 2011, Bell also filed an application with the CRTC and Industry Canada to establish additional repeaters for CKVR-DT to expand its signal farther into the Golden Horseshoe area; on UHF 42 in Fonthill, serving Niagara Falls, Fort Erie and St. Catharines,[29] and a repeater on UHF 35 on CHCH-DT's Tower, serving Hamilton, Oakville, Haldimand County, Caledonia, Brantford, Milton and Cambridge.[30] These applications were later approved by the CRTC.

On October 28, 2015, the CRTC made public an application by Bell to disaffiliate CJDC-TV and CFTK-TV from CBC Television effective February 22. Bell and the CBC agreed to an early termination of the affiliation agreements on October 5.[31] Programming from CTV Two began on the date of disaffiliation from CBC.

Beginning the 2018-19 television season, the network re-branded as "CTV 2" under CTV's new brand identity.[32]


Aside from a few key genres, such as movies and local news, the types of programming carried by CTV Two has varied significantly over its history.

As NewNet, the system mainly carried programs from what were then the two U.S. "netlets" (The WB and UPN), movies, a few syndicated series, and lower-rated offerings from the U.S. "big four" networks. Certain programs were timeshifted from their original airings on Citytv.

Throughout most of the network's existence, CTV Two has aired NBC's The Tonight Show and Late Night since the mid–1990s under hosts Jay Leno, Conan O'Brien, Jimmy Fallon and Seth Meyers. However, Late Night with Seth Meyers aired on CTV for the first two years of its run, but switched places with The Late Late Show with James Corden (which aired on CTV Two since its March 2015 debut) in February 2016.

CTV Two HD logo

As A-Channel, the system shifted towards a more traditional mix, including game shows and more traditional U.S. sitcoms and dramas. Some of the American shows aired during this era included Supernanny, America's Funniest Home Videos, Smallville, The Ellen DeGeneres Show and Wheel of Fortune, as well as Tonight and Late Night. Notable Canadian shows include Degrassi: The Next Generation and CityLine. A few original productions, such as 11 Somerset and Charlie Jade, have aired on A-Channel. The drama series Missing was carried over from the former Craig Media-owned A-Channel (now Citytv) stations. Following the acquisition by CTVglobemedia, CTV would occasionally bump one of its programs over to A-Channel to make room for a different show; during the summer, A-Channel would often carry repeats of CTV series, freeing up CTV to carry original programming.

For several seasons, CHRO-TV also produced and broadcast 20 regular-season games per year of the National Hockey League's Ottawa Senators. These games were generally seen on Thursday nights and were usually among CHRO's most popular programmes. These games have been reassigned to the team's cable home, Sportsnet, as of the 2008–09 season. Although CHRO no longer airs the games themselves, the station still produces and airs a post-game show.

There may be some confusion about the system's launch date due to a celebration of "50 years of local news" held by local CTV and A-Channel stations in April 2008.[33][34] Neither the system nor any local CTV-owned station launched in 1958, although some of the stations that later joined CTV launched earlier in the decade.[35] The celebration was not timed to any particular anniversary but rather to a CRTC review of regulations for local television stations also held that month.[36]

As A, the network's primetime schedule was revamped again, positioning A as the cutting-edge counterpart to the main CTV network. Most of the schedule consisted of anticipated new series such as Eleventh Hour and Fringe, and critically acclaimed or high-buzz (but lower-rated) sophomore series such as Gossip Girl, Mad Men, Private Practice, and Pushing Daisies, although a few older holdovers such as AFV and America's Next Top Model (previously on Citytv) remained in primetime. Talk shows such as Ellen, Tonight, and Late Night remain, while Wheel, which moved to CBC Television, was replaced by TMZ.

As part of its relaunch as CTV Two, the primetime schedule focused on highly anticipated new series, including results shows for The X Factor (the performance shows aired on CTV),[26] Up All Night, and Man Up!.[37] Additionally, CSI: Miami, Criminal Minds and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit also moved to CTV Two.[37]

Since its acquisition by CTVglobemedia (now Bell Media), the network would also serve as an alternate outlet for CTV programming in the event of scheduling conflicts with other programming, major breaking news, and special events such CTV's coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics. Conversely, in markets where CTV Two is not available, some CTV affiliates may sometimes carry some CTV Two programming, although this is rare.

CTV 2 stations[edit]

CHWI's former studio building in Windsor (2007)
CIVI-DT's studio building in Victoria (2006)


1) This list includes stations affiliated with CTV 2 under the system's previous NewNet, A-Channel and A branding;
2) Italicized channel numbers indicate a digital channel allocated for future use by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission.
3) Non-Italicized channel numbers indicate the RF channel in current use for digital (ATSC) transmission as allocated by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission.

Owned-and-operated stations[edit]

City of license/market Station Channel
Year of
Barrie, Ontario CKVR-DT 3.1 (10) 1995 Former CBC affiliate.
Calgary & Edmonton, Alberta CTV 2 Alberta Cable only 2008 Formerly licensed as an educational television service for the province of Alberta until 2017, when all educational programming was dropped. This station formerly used two transmitters, CJAL-TV (Edmonton) and CIAN-TV (Calgary). Formerly ACCESS (1973-2011).
Halifax/Atlantic Canada CTV 2 Atlantic Cable only 2008 Formerly ASN (A Citytv affiliate).
London, Ontario CFPL-DT 10.1 (10) 1998 Also operates a repeater in Wingham, Ontario via CKNX-TV, channel 8. Former CBC affiliate and independent station.
Pembroke, Ontario CHRO-TV 5 1998 Former CBC and CTV affiliate and independent station.
Victoria/Vancouver Island &
Vancouver, British Columbia
CIVI-DT 23.1 (23) 2001
Wheatley/Windsor, Ontario CHWI-DT 16.1 (16) 1997 Former independent station.

Secondary carriers[edit]

These stations are also owned and operated by Bell Media and carry most CTV 2 programming, but are locally branded.

City of license/market Station Channel
Year of
Dawson Creek, British Columbia CJDC-TV 5 2016 Former CBC affiliate.
Terrace/Kitimat, British Columbia CFTK-TV 3 2016 Former CBC affiliate.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Canadian Communications Foundation - CKVR-TV History". Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
  2. ^ "News Briefs: Rogers deal goes to CRTC". Playback Magazine. August 28, 1995. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  3. ^ "Decision CRTC 94-745". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. September 14, 1994. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  4. ^ "Network: A honey of a Raptor". Playback Magazine. December 4, 1995. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  5. ^ "In The Money". Playback Magazine. August 9, 1999. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
  6. ^ CHUM Announcement - Local Stations Being Renamed as A-Channel Archived 2006-06-22 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Bell Globemedia makes $1.7B bid for CHUM". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-07-12. Retrieved 2006-07-12.
  8. ^ "CRTC expected to OK Rogers' $137.5M buy of CTVglobemedia TV channels". Canadian Press via Yahoo! Canada News. 2007-04-09. Retrieved 2007-04-09.[dead link]
  9. ^ "CRTC tells CTVglobemedia to sell 5 Citytv stations". cbc.ca via Yahoo! Canada News. 2007-06-08. Retrieved 2007-06-08.[dead link]
  10. ^ "C.R.T.C. approves the purchase of CHUM Ltd. by CTVGlobemedia, excluding Citytv stations". Channel Canada. 2007-06-08. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-08.
  11. ^ "CTVglobemedia". 18 October 2015. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  12. ^ "CTV expected to rebrand A Channel". Friends of Canadian Broadcasting. 2006-06-13. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-07-05.
  13. ^ A-Channel Survey[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "A New Beginning: Fresh New Look for A Unveiled Today" Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, CTVglobemedia press release, August 11, 2008.
  15. ^ 'A' Television Stations in Wingham and Windsor to be Shut Down Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine, CTVglobemedia press release via Canada NewsWire, February 25, 2009
  16. ^ CTV Inc. places CKX-TV Brandon Up for Sale, CTVglobemedia press release via Canada NewsWire, February 19, 2009
  17. ^ CTV press release, March 3, 2009
  18. ^ CTV accepts Shaw's offer to buy local stations, April 30, 2009
  19. ^ Grant Robertson, "Shaw cancels deal for 3 CTV stations". The Globe and Mail, June 30, 2009.
  20. ^ /A\ Windsor Station to Remain Open Archived 2011-06-10 at the Wayback Machine, CTVglobemedia press release, July 8, 2009
  21. ^ CTV Secures Sale of CKX-TV Brandon Archived 2009-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, CTVglobemedia press release, July 16, 2009
  22. ^ "BREAKING NEWS - Bluepoint walks away from CKX-TV - Brandon Sun". brandonsun.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  23. ^ Bell Canada (2010-09-10). "Bell to acquire 100% of Canada's No.1 media company CTV". CNW Group. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
  24. ^ "Bell Media's /A\ Network to Become "CTV Two" This Fall" (PDF). bellmedia.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-26. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  25. ^ Bell Media Press Release: "Bell Media’s /A\ Network to Become "CTV Two" This Fall", May 30, 2011. Archived July 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ a b "Bell Media Unveils CTV Two For Fall TV Season". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  27. ^ "CTV – Bell Media". www.bellmediapr.ca. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  28. ^ "CTV News unveils expansion of news programming in Edmonton". CTV Edmonton. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-13. Retrieved 2011-06-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-18. Retrieved 2011-06-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ Bell Media Radio G.P. (2015-10-28). "CRTC Application 2015-1226-0". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Archived from the original (ZIP) on 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  32. ^ Jeevan, Brar (10 June 2018). "CTV & CTV2's Fall Schedule 2018 - The TV Watercooler". The TV Watercooler. Retrieved 30 September 2018. Bell Media announced the programming lineups for CTV and CTV2 (previously stylized as CTV Two) on Thursday, June 7.
  33. ^ CTV - Local News Matters Archived 2012-05-30 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ CTV and A-Channel Celebrate Local News, CTV press release, 8 April 2008
  35. ^ CTV - Local News Matters - Background Archived 2011-03-23 at the Wayback Machine (list of CTV-owned stations that launched in the 1950s)
  36. ^ CTV - Local News Matters - FAQ Archived 2010-06-22 at the Wayback Machine (makes several references to CRTC review)
  37. ^ a b "CTV lineup includes X Factor, Smash". The Canadian Press. June 2, 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.

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