Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
|Formed||August 24, 1992|
|Jurisdiction||Executive branch of the United States|
|Headquarters||Harry S. Truman Building, Washington, D.C., United States|
|Employees||2,125 (as of FY 2016)|
|Annual budget||$1.52 billion (FY 2016)|
|Parent department||U.S. Department of State|
The Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA), also known as the Bureau of Near East Asian Affairs, is an agency of the Department of State within the United States government that deals with U.S. foreign policy and diplomatic relations with the nations of the Near East. It is headed by the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, who reports to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
The offices of the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs direct, coordinate, and supervise U.S. government activities within the region, including political, economic, consular, public diplomacy, and administrative management issues.
- Office of Levant Affairs – Responsible for U.S. relations with Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria
- Office of Maghreb Affairs – Responsible for U.S. relations with Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia
- Office of Arabian Peninsula Affairs – Responsible for shaping, coordinating and implementing foreign policy in Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen
- Office of Israel and Palestinian Affairs – Responsible for diplomatic issues associated with the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
- Office of Iraqi Affairs – Oversees Iraq–United States relations
- Office of Iranian Affairs – Develops, coordinates, recommends, and executes U.S. policy on Iran
- Office of Regional and Multilateral Affairs – Responsible for regional political and economic issues, including political-military affairs, multilateral organizations, labor and social affairs, counternarcotics, environment, refugees, counterterrorism, and human rights
- Office of Egyptian Affairs – Responsible for U.S. relations with Egypt
- Office of Press and Public Diplomacy – Responsible for the coordination of public diplomacy activities in the NEA region, and preparing press guidance for the Department Spokesperson in the Bureau of Public Affairs
- Office of Middle East Partnership Initiative – Responsible for programming in support of reform throughout the region, with special emphasis on empowering women and youth, education, strengthening economies, and broadening political participation
The bureau is currently led by Joey Hood, a career diplomat serving as the Acting Assistant Secretary. From June 5, 2019, to January 20, 2021, the bureau was led by Assistant Secretary David Schenker. He was preceded by David Satterfield (acting). See Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs for the list of all incumbents.
- ^ "Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs". AllGov. Retrieved April 2, 2016.
- ^ a b "Inspection of the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs". Inspector General of the Department of State. May 25, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- ^ a b c "State Department Student Internship Brochure" (PDF). U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Human Resources. September 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- ^ "1 FAM 160 Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA)". Foreign Affairs Manual. U.S. Department of State. September 19, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- United States Department of State agencies
- United States diplomacy
- Government agencies established in 1992
- 1992 establishments in Washington, D.C.
- United States–Middle Eastern relations
- Arab–American relations
- Algeria–United States relations
- Bahrain–United States relations
- Egypt–United States relations
- Iran–United States relations
- Iraq–United States relations
- Israel–United States relations
- Jordan–United States relations
- Kuwait–United States relations
- Lebanon–United States relations
- Libya–United States relations
- Morocco–United States relations
- Oman–United States relations
- Qatar–United States relations
- Saudi Arabia–United States relations
- State of Palestine–United States relations
- Syria–United States relations
- Tunisia–United States relations
- United Arab Emirates–United States relations
- United States–Yemen relations