Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TypePrivately held company
IndustryMedia market (research)
HeadquartersSão Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Key people
Carlos Augusto Montenegro (CEO)
ProductsMarketing research
Audience measurement
Advertising research
RevenueU$ 216 milhões (2007)[1]
Number of employees
WebsiteKantar Ibope Media

The Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics[3] (IBOPE based on the Portuguese language name, Instituto Brasileiro de Opinião Pública e Estatística) does market research to provide information regarding Brazilian and Latin American markets. IBOPE provides data on media, public opinion, voting intention, consumption, behavior, marketing, branding and other issues as required by clients.

Established in 1942, it is listed in the Honomichl Top 25 Global Research Organizations rating. The name IBOPE is listed in the Brazilian dictionary as a synonym of audience ratings research.[4][5]


IBOPE was created in 1942 by the radio broadcaster Auricélio Penteado, owner of Radio Kosmos in São Paulo. In that year, he decided to apply research methodologies he had learned while studying in the United States under George Gallup, the founder of the American Institute of Public Opinion, in order to quantify the size of the audience of his broadcast in Brazil.

When he measured the radio audience in São Paulo, Auricélio proved that Radio Kosmos wasn't among the most listened to stations. Therefore, he would dedicate himself exclusively to research. In 1950, Penteado leaves the presidency of the company in charge to a group of directors.

In 1977, Paulo de Tarso Montenegro became the president of the company. One year later, he invited his children, Carlos Augusto Montenegro and Luís Paulo Montenegro, to join the company. IBOPE carried out the first voting intention polls, anticipating with extreme precision the outcome of electoral contests in the late 1970s.

In the 1990s, IBOPE partners with entrepreneurs in Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Chile and Argentina. From these partnerships, the company begins to supply consolidated data for Latin America cable TV. Currently, in addition to Brazil, the company has offices in 14 countries.

In 2014, the IBOPE Media division (measuring media audience and advertising investment) was sold to the Kantar Group, which changed its name to Kantar Ibope Media.

In January 2021, when the rights to use the IBOPE name expired, the institute founders and directors founded the Inteligência em Pesquisa e Consultoria Estratégica (Ipec) group,.[6]


IBOPE was the first company worldwide to offer the service of TV audience measurement in real time from São Paulo in 1988.

In every city where the audience is measured, IBOPE choose a group of homes at random to represent the population. With the authorization of the family members, each television is equipped with a device called peoplemeter, which identifies and records which channels are being watched.

The device sends, by cell phone system, the information of all changes made by the viewer channel to a central collection of indices that processes, analyzes and distributes to customers.

The system of television audience measurement in real time is used in Brazil, Chile and Argentina.

Top-rated programs[edit]

This table lists all the TV shows with the highest average household IBOPE rating for each television season.[7]

  The program with the all-time highest average rating is in bold text
  Sports programs have italicized rating numbers
  Two or more programs tie for highest average IBOPE rating in the same season

Season Program Network Rating
1985-86 Roque Santeiro Globo 67[8][9][10]
1986-87 Selva de Pedra 60
1987-88 O Outro 57
1988-89 Vale Tudo 56[11]
1989-90 Tieta 63[12]
1990-91 Rainha da Sucata 59[13]
1991-92 O Dono do Mundo 47[14]
1992-93 Pedra sobre Pedra 57.0
1993-94 Renascer 61[15][16]
1994-95 Pátria Minha 45.0
1995-96 A Próxima Vítima
Explode Coração
1996-97 O Rei do Gado 52.0
1997-98 A Indomada 48.0[17]
1998-99 Torre de Babel 44.0[18]
1999-00 Terra Nostra 44.0[19]
2000-01 Laços de Família 45.0[20]
2001-02 O Clone 47.0[20]
2002-03 2002 FIFA World Cup 45.0[21]
2003-04 Mulheres Apaixonadas 46.6[22][23]
2004-05 Senhora do Destino 50.4[24]
2005-06 América 49.4[20]
2006-07 Páginas da Vida 46.8[25]
2007-08 Paraíso Tropical 43.8[25]
2008-09 A Favorita 39.5[26]
2009-10 Caminho das Índias 38.8[26]
2010-11 2010 FIFA World Cup 38.0[27]
2011-12 Fina Estampa 39.0[26][28]
2012-13 Avenida Brasil
2013-14 Amor à Vida 36.0[29]
2014-15 Império 32.6[30]


IBOPE Group is composed of four major businesses: IBOPE Media, IBOPE Inteligência, IBOPE Educação and IBOPE Ambiental. Additionally, IBOPE Group works together with partners through strategic partnerships. IBOPE Media is responsible for media research, advertising investment and consumption habits and offers a broad product line that meets the needs of media, advertising agencies and advertisers in 14 Latin American countries.

IBOPE Inteligência provides market, behavior, brand, public opinion[3] and internet research, used by clients to develop business strategies in organization, marketing and products development. Additionally, many organizations use research to broaden innovation. Research by IBOPE Inteligência gets at the root of issues, offering clients customized and attractive solutions to any business challenge. In addition to Brazil, the company has offices in Argentina, Chile, México, Puerto Rico and the United States, where IBOPE acquired the American company Zogby International, based in Utica, New York. IBOPE Zogby was subsequently closed at the end of 2012.[31]

IBOPE Educação is in the market of executive education, training professionals involved in strategic decision making. It integrates in its academic content current and exclusive information from the Group, maximizing the potential of contributions to achieving results.

And IBOPE Ambiental is a business unit performing in the environmental area with services aimed at environmental sustainability, was recently launched. The company’s headquarters is in Brazil, but it works in countries in Latin America and Africa.

Moreover, IBOPE has major stakes in two companies: IBOPE Nielsen Online and Millward Brown do Brasil. IBOPE Nielsen Online is a joint venture between IBOPE Media and Nielsen, that details the behavior of internet users. Millward Brown do Brasil is a partnership between IBOPE and Millward Brown, Inc., a WPP Group company, the world leader in advertising, branding and marketing. Millward Brown do Brasil expertise is on demand research for building and maintaining strong brand identity.

The Group is a collaborator with Instituto Paulo Montenegro, created in 2000 in honor of one of the founders of IBOPE. The Institute develops and runs educational projects, using the knowledge gathered through research in the 69-year history of IBOPE.


In 2009, the IBOPE was under suspicion of a possible blackout in its system on 22 November 2009 at 9:40 at night. At that time, the device that measures real-time audience numbers stopped working, and the Institute accused mobile operators that they were responsible for the alleged breakdown in the system. But companies TIM and VIVO denied the Institute of Public Opinion in a statement to Rede Record, which was most harmed by the fact happened.[32] Since then, the television station determined on its department of communication not to disclose their numbers over the station's audience, as they say in their research methodologically.[32]

Even respecting the client's rights, IBOPE disagreed with these critics made, considering it was a momentary problem. The company's research follows the code of self-regulation and ethics of the ESOMAR - The World Association of Research Professionals, and also follows the code of ethics of Associação Brasileira das Empresas de Pesquisa (ABEP - Brazilian Association of Research Companies)

In Argentina, IBOPE is also under suspicion, regarding its research methodology. The government of President Cristina Kirchner plans to launch a state system of measuring television audience in the country (similar to British BARB), in a clear challenge to IBOPE, which now dominates the Argentine Market. According to the government of the country, the work of IBOPE is not checked by anyone.

However, the work of IBOPE in the area of media research is audited by independent firms, hired by a committee formed by the clients of this service. In Argentina, the audit is made by the Cámara de Control de Medición de Audiencia (CCMA - Chamber of Control of Audience Measurement).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "GIRO IBOPE". Archived from the original on 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
  2. ^ "Dúvidas frequentes - IBOPE".
  3. ^ a b Alan Riding (April 15, 1984). "Brazilians turn to lynchings to fight soaring crime rate". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Houaiss, Antônio (2001). Dicionário Houaiss da Língua Portuguesa. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Objetiva. ISBN 85-7302-383-X.
  5. ^ Ferreira, Aurélio Buarque de Holanda (1999). Novo Aurélio Século XXI: o dicionário da língua portuguesa. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Nova Fronteira. ISBN 85-209-1010-6.
  6. ^ "Ipec realiza pesquisas eleitorais em domicílio: entenda a metodologia usada pelo instituto". InfoMoney. 2022-11-06. Retrieved 2023-10-25.
  7. ^ "Confira as 10 novelas mais vistas da Globo".
  8. ^ Redação Terra (April 25, 2009). "Confira as 10 novelas mais vistas da Globo" (in Portuguese). Terra Diversão.
  9. ^ Redação Quem Online (March 10, 2009). "Aguinaldo Silva divulga lista das novelas com maior audiência da história" (in Portuguese). Revista Quem Acontece. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "As 10 novelas de maior audiência da Globo". Archived from the original on 2015-03-23. Retrieved 2015-03-01.
  11. ^ Redação Quem Online (10 March 2009). "Aguinaldo Silva divulga lista das novelas com maior audiência da história". Revista Quem Acontece. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Relembrando: Média geral de Tieta". 7 November 2010.
  13. ^ ""Rainha da Sucata" estreia em janeiro no canal Viva". Archived from the original on 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  14. ^ "Audiência Detalhada - "O Dono do Mundo" - RD1". Archived from the original on 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  15. ^ "HISTÓRIA: "Renascer" estreou com média de 58,8 pontos no Ibope". Archived from the original on 2013-08-25. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  16. ^ "Audiência Detalhada: Renascer". Archived from the original on 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  17. ^ "Poucas e Boas - Isabela Boscov". Archived from the original on 2013-10-28. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  18. ^ "Veja on-line". Archived from the original on 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  19. ^ "Folha Online - Ilustrada - Maior audiência da TV, "Belíssima" quer bater recorde de ibope no final - 05/07/2006".
  20. ^ a b c Feltrin, Ricardo (18 September 2008). "Ibope de novelas desaba na Globo; veja a queda". Uol Notícias.
  21. ^ R7 Televisão. "Audiência da Globo cai 29% nos jogos da Copa do Mundo". R7.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  22. ^ Feltrin, Ricardo (18 September 2008). "Ibope de novelas desaba na Globo; veja a queda". Uol Notícias.
  23. ^ Redação Estadão (10 October 2003). ""Mulheres Apaixonadas" quer bater "Roque Santeiro"". O Estado de S. Paulo.
  24. ^ Feltrin, Ricardo (18 September 2008). "Ibope de novelas desaba na Globo". Portal Uol. Uol Notícias.
  25. ^ a b Mattos, Laura (9 May 2010). ""Viver a Vida" tem pior audiência da década e recorde de merchandising". Folha Online.
  26. ^ a b c "R7 - Últimas notícias, vídeos, esportes, entretenimento e mais". Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-06-06.
  27. ^ "Fórum UOL Esporte - Futebol, Fórmula 1, Tênis, Volêi, Basquete..."
  28. ^ "Com maior audiência da TV no ano, final de 'Avenida Brasil' para a cidade - Brasil - Estadão".
  29. ^ "Com beijo gay, último capítulo de Amor à Vida quebra tabu na Globo".
  30. ^ Farac, Gabriel. "Gabriel Farac: Império – Audiência Detalhada".
  31. ^ Steve Hughes (13 November 2012). "IBOPE Zogby Utica office closing". Observer-Dispatc. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  32. ^ a b "Operadoras desmentem Ibope sobre falha em medição - Famosos e TV - R7".

External links[edit]