Bob Loughman

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Bob Loughman
12th Prime Minister of Vanuatu
In office
20 April 2020 – 4 November 2022
PresidentTallis Obed Moses
Nikenike Vurobaravu
DeputyIshmael Kalsakau
Preceded byCharlot Salwai
Succeeded byIshmael Kalsakau
Minister of Education
In office
23 March 2013 – 11 June 2015
Prime MinisterMoana Carcasses Kalosil
Joe Natuman
Preceded bySteven Kalsakau
Succeeded byAlfred Carlot
Personal details
Born (1961-03-08) 8 March 1961 (age 62)
Tanna Island, New Hebrides (now Vanuatu)
Political partyVanua'aku Pati

Bob Loughman Weibur[1] (born 8 March 1961)[2] is a Vanuatuan politician who served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Vanuatu between April 2020 and November 2022.[3][4]


A member of the Vanua'aku Pati, he was first elected to Parliament as MP for Tanna in the general election on 6 July 2004. He was re-elected in 2008 and 2012.[2] In March 2013, following a change in government, new Prime Minister Moana Carcasses appointed him Minister for Education.[5]

Like other members of the Vanua'aku Pati, he crossed the floor on 15 May 2014 to help bring down the Carcasses government. New Prime Minister Joe Natuman maintained Loughman at his post as Minister for Education.[6] He lost office on 11 June 2015 when the Natuman government was ousted in a motion of no confidence.[7]

From 2018 he is the leader of the Vanua'aku Pati.[8]

From 20 April 2020 to 4 November 2022, Loughman was in office as Prime Minister of Vanuatu.[3][4]

Diplomatic conflict with Indonesia over West Papua[edit]

Loughman is an open critic of the Indonesian government's handling of the situation in the West Papua region, and supports the cause of the separatist West Papuans. During the 2020 United Nations General Assembly address, Loughman called out Indonesia over human rights violations in the region, prompting a response from Indonesian diplomats who labeled his speech as having an "excessive and unhealthy obsession" with the cause of West Papua and accused Loughman of meddling in Indonesia's internal affairs.[9][10]

2021 no-confidence vote[edit]

On 1 June 2021, the opposition filed a no-confidence vote against Loughman over alleged excessive spending in the situation of national crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Vanuatu and the impact of Cyclone Harold last year, both things which have negatively impacted Vanuatu's economy. This became the first attempt at ousting him in a country where analysts say, no-confidence votes are commonplace.[11]

Following the boycott of parliament by government MPs for three days, partly to avoid the motion of no confidence, speaker Gracia Shadrack declared on 8 June 2021 that the seats of Loughman and 17 other MPs were vacant.[12] Supreme Court Justice Oliver Saksak put a stay on the speaker's ruling until a court could formally consider the dispute.[13] On 18 June 2021, Saksak confirmed that 19 government MPs including Loughman had lost their seats.[14] An appeal court also rejected the MPs case in July 2021[15] but the 19 MPs finally won in the appeal court on 28 October 2021, keeping their seats.[16]

2022 no-confidence motion[edit]

A new no-confidence motion was avoided in August 2022 by Vanuatu's president dissolving Parliament at short notice.[17]


  1. ^ Vanua’aku Party to field 27 candidates in election,, 12 February 2020
  2. ^ a b Isno, Vira (June 18, 2019). "Hon. Bob Loughman". Parliament of the Republic of Vanuatu. Archived from the original on 2019-11-30.
  3. ^ a b Vanuatu elects new prime minister as country reels from devastating cyclone The Guardian, 20 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b Vanuatu Parliament Votes In New Prime Minister Barron's, 4 November 2022.
  5. ^ "Nation's interest first: Carcasses" Archived 2013-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, Vanuatu Daily Post, 26 mars 2013
  6. ^ "Natuman names cabinet line-up" Archived 2014-05-17 at the Wayback Machine, Vanuatu Digest, 16 May 2014
  7. ^ "Vanuatu announces new cabinet after new prime minister Sato Kilman is elected", Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 12 June 2015
  8. ^ "Natuman makes way for new Vanua'aku Pati leader". RNZ. 2 November 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  9. ^ Septiari, Dian (29 September 2020). "Indonesia calls out Vanuatu over Papua remarks at UNGA". The Jakarta Post.
  10. ^ "Indonesia lashes out at Vanuatu over West Papua at the UN". RNZ. 29 September 2020.
  11. ^ "No confidence motion filed against Vanuatu government". RNZ. 1 June 2021. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Legal challenge looms after Vanuatu speaker declares most govt seats vacant". Radio New Zealand. 8 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Judge stays Vanuatu Speaker's move". Radio New Zealand. 9 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Vanuatu Supreme Court confirms 19 Govt MPs lose seats". Radio New Zealand. 18 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Vanuatu appeal court denies govt MPs appeal". Radio New Zealand. 17 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Revenge for Vanuatu govt as MP suspended". Radio New Zealand. 9 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Vanuatu's president dissolves parliament to avoid ousting of prime minister". The Guardian. 19 August 2022.
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Vanuatu
Succeeded by