Blue Water Bridge Authority

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Blue Water Bridge Authority
Company typeCrown corporation
FoundedMay 21, 1964 (1964-05-21)
FounderSovereign of Canada
DefunctFebruary 1, 2015 (2015-02-01)
SuccessorFederal Bridge Corporation Limited
Area served
Point Edward, Ontario
Key people
  • Marcel Beaubien (Chairman)
  • Chuck Chrapko (CEO)
  • John Elliott (COO)
  • Currency Exchange
  • Commercial Brokers
  • Increase CAD$21.32 million (2010)
  • CAD$21.26 million (2009)
  • Increase CAD$2.47 million (2010)
  • CAD$2.15 million (2009)
Total assets
  • IncreaseCAD$194 million (2010)
  • CAD$192 million (2009)
OwnerGovernment of Canada
Number of employees
  • 68 (2010)
  • 75 (2009)
  • Accounting
  • Administration
  • Currency Exchange
  • IT
  • Janitorial
  • Maintenance
  • Project Management
  • Tolls
Footnotes / references

The Blue Water Bridge Authority was a Canadian Crown corporation responsible for the operation and maintenance of the Canadian side of the Blue Water Bridge in Point Edward, Ontario. It was established on May 21, 1964 via the Blue Water Bridge Authority Act (Canada), which authorized it to provide highway traffic between Canada and the United States over the Blue Water Bridge. It was granted exclusive rights to levy tolls on westbound traffic from Canada to the United States in order to offset the costs of operation, maintenance, and construction.[1]: 8 

On April 26, 2002, the Authority became a Schedule III, Part I parent Crown corporation. It was not required to pay taxes and not eligible to receive appropriations.[1]: 9  In September 2007, in accordance with Federal Identity Program requirements, the organization was officially titled Blue Water Bridge Canada.[1]: 29 

On February 1, 2015, via House Government Bill C-4 Section 8 (assented to on December 12, 2013), the Blue Water Bridge Authority was amalgamated with St. Mary's River Bridge Company and Federal Bridge Corporation Limited to form a new corporate entity, Federal Bridge Corporation Limited, which currently owns and maintains the Canadian side of the Blue Water Bridge along with three other international bridges in Canada.[3][4]


The Bridge[edit]

The Blue Water Bridge Authority was responsible for the Canadian half of the Blue Water Bridge, a twin-span bridge over the St. Clair River at the mouth of Lake Huron. It sits on 98 acres (40 ha) of land in the village of Point Edward, Ontario. The American half of the bridge is separately owned and maintained by the Michigan Department of Transportation.[1]: 10 

Canadian Plaza[edit]

There are several buildings and operations underneath the bridge on the Canadian side, collectively known as the Canadian Plaza.[1]: 12  Among these are:

  • Administration offices
  • Canada Border Services Agency
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
  • Commercial brokers
  • Currency Exchange
  • Customs brokers
  • Duty Free Store
  • Public washrooms
  • Toll office


The main source of revenue for Bridge operations on the Canadian side is the exclusive right, granted by the Canada Transportation Act (1996),[5] to collect tolls from westbound traffic crossing the bridge from Canada into the United States. Toll revenue from eastbound traffic into Canada from the United States is levied by and belongs to the Michigan Department of Transportation.[1]: 13  Toll rates are reviewed regularly, and both sides of the Bridge independently vary their rates based on fluctuating traffic conditions, trade agreements between Canada and the United States, foreign exchange rates between the two countries' currencies, and other factors.[1]: 14 

Other sources of revenue include Duty Free Store sales, currency exchange fees, and interest on cash and investments.[1]: 33 

Expenses include salaries and benefits, general and administrative expenses, and maintenance costs.[1]: 34 

Community Integration[edit]

Approximately 38.5 acres (15.6 ha) of land owned by the Bridge has been identified as archaeologically sensitive according to the Cemeteries Act (Ontario), due to aboriginal burial sites in the area. The land on which the bridge was built was once a hub for the Anishinaabe trade network that spanned the continent, and a place of celebration and ceremony.[6] Today, responsibility for preserving the burial sites is held by the Aamjiwnaang First Nation band in Sarnia, Ontario.[1]: 12  Blue Water Bridge Canada and Aamjiwnaang First Nation have historically maintained an excellent working relationship, yielding conflict-free construction of the second bridge span, expanded parking lots, and other on-site development despite taking place on archaeologically sensitive land. Officials from the Bridge and Aamjiwnaang First Nation continue to meet yearly to explore current and future issues of mutual interest.[1]: 12 

Souls Memorial[edit]

As a symbol of co-operation and respect between the Blue Water Bridge and the Aamjiwnaang First Nation, a statue was unveiled just south of the bridge on June 21, 2003, hand-carved by Anishinaabe artist and sculptor Dennis Henry-Shawnoo from a single piece of sandstone.[6][7]


In October 2013, in order to streamline governance of the four separate Crown corporations that owned international crossings, the federal government announced its intention to amalgamate them under a single Crown corporation, the Federal Bridge Corporation Limited. Bill C-4 Section 8 was passed into law December 12, 2013,[4] and was fully in effect as of February 1, 2015.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "2011-2012 to 2015-2016 Corporate Plan Summary" (PDF). Blue Water Bridge Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  2. ^ "2010-2011 to 2014-2015 Corporate Plan Summary" (PDF). Blue Water Bridge Canada. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b Girard, André. "Corporate Amalgamation". Federal Bridge Corporation. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b "House Government Bill - Bill C-4". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Canada Transportation Act - Section 155.97". Government of Canada. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
  6. ^ a b "The Souls Memorial". Sarnia Historical Society. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  7. ^ "BWB - Souls Memorial". Federal Bridge Corporation. Retrieved 14 November 2016.