Black's method

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Black's method is an election method proposed by Duncan Black in 1958 as a compromise between the Condorcet method and the Borda count. This method selects a Condorcet winner. If a Condorcet winner does not exist, then the candidate with the highest Borda score is selected.[1]


Among methods satisfying the majority criterion, Black's method gives the minimum power to the majority and hence the method is best at protecting minorities.[2]

Satisfied criteria[edit]

Black's method satisfies the following criteria:

Failed criteria[edit]

Black's method does not satisfy the following criteria:


  1. ^ Black, Duncan (1958). The theory of committees and elections. Cambridge: University Press.
  2. ^ a b Kondratev, Aleksei Y.; Nesterov, Alexander S. (2020). "Measuring Majority Power and Veto Power of Voting Rules". Public Choice. 183 (1–2): 187–210. arXiv:1811.06739. doi:10.1007/s11127-019-00697-1. S2CID 53670198.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Felsenthal, Dan S; Nurmi, Hannu (2018). Voting procedures for electing a single candidate : proving their (in)vulnerability to various voting paradoxes. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-74033-1.