Bangor Theological Seminary

Coordinates: 44°49′12″N 68°46′48″W / 44.820°N 68.780°W / 44.820; -68.780
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Bangor Theological Seminary Historic District
Bangor Theological Seminary, early 1900s
Bangor Theological Seminary is located in Maine
Bangor Theological Seminary
Bangor Theological Seminary is located in the United States
Bangor Theological Seminary
LocationUnion St., Bangor, Maine
Coordinates44°49′12″N 68°46′48″W / 44.820°N 68.780°W / 44.820; -68.780
Area7.5 acres (3.0 ha)
Built1827; 197 years ago (1827)
Architectural styleLate Victorian, Federal, Greek Revival
NRHP reference No.77000080[1]
Added to NRHPAugust 2, 1977

Bangor Theological Seminary was an ecumenical seminary, founded in 1814 (210 years ago) (1814), in the Congregational tradition of the United Church of Christ. Located in Bangor, Maine, and Portland, Maine, it was the only accredited graduate school of religion in Northern New England[2]

The seminary had campuses in Bangor and Portland, Maine. Its primary mission was preparation for Christian ministry and providing a general theological education. Graduate programs included the Master of Divinity (M.Div.), Master of Arts (MA) and the Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.) degrees. The school was accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, New England Association of Schools and Colleges, and Maine Board of Education. Bangor Theological Seminary was an official Open and Affirming seminary.[3]

The school closed with its final commencement service on June 22, 2013.[2]


Theological Seminary, at Bangor, Maine, an 1853 engraving

Bangor Theological Seminary was originally of a much more conservative tradition/philosophy than what it evolved into. Led by a group of Congregational ministers and lay leaders who wanted to create a center of theological study in northern New England, the Society for Theological Education met on July 27, 1811, in Portland to establish a school. Jonathan Fisher, a founding trustee, described the urgency and importance of the school's mission:

"I am strongly adverse to an unlearned ministry, but if in this district we wait to be supplied from other institutions, I am fully persuaded that the ground would be preoccupied by Sectarians, many of whom will not only be unlearned, but very unlearned."

Granted a charter on February 25, 1814, by the Great and General Court of Massachusetts, the Maine Charity School shared space with Hampden Academy before moving to its Bangor location in 1819.[4]

The seminary began to assume its later shape under the leadership of the Reverend Enoch Pond. A noted scholar and writer, Pond joined the faculty in 1833, became president in 1856, and remained in that capacity until his death in 1882. In 1858, running a $3000 deficit, it considered consolidating with Bowdoin College or Andover Theological Seminary, but was able to recover.[4]

It sold its historic campus after moving to the Husson University campus in 2005.[4]

At the time of its closing in May 2013, Bangor Theological Seminary had academic programs leading to the Master of Divinity degree, the Master of Arts degree, and the Doctor of Ministry degree. The seminary was ecumenical in nature, with over a dozen religious traditions represented among students and faculty. One of seven United Church of Christ seminaries in the United States, it was the only accredited theological institution in northern New England.[5]

The school website states that its "spiritual successor" is the BTS Center, a non-profit "educational venture"[6] offering opportunities for professional development for both clergy and laity, as well as robust non-degree programs exploring issues of contemporary Christianity and spirituality.


The seminary's former campus is located just west of central downtown Bangor, occupying the central portion of an irregular city block bounded by Hammond, Cedar, Pond, and Union Streets. The location was a hayfield donated to the seminary by Bangor resident Isaac Davenport.[4] The oldest building on the campus, Old Commons, dated to 1827-28, and was the second building built for the seminary; the first, a chapel, burned down in 1829. The new chapel was built in 1858-59, and is a fine Italianate building designed by William G. Morse. Two of its later buildings, the Denio House and the Gymnasium, were designed by Wilfred E. Mansur, a prominent Bangor architect, in the 1890s. The last addition to the campus was the Moulton Library, designed by Crowell, Lancaster, Higgins & Webster and built in 1959. The campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, in recognition of the seminary's historical importance.[7] Since the school's closure, the buildings have been adapted to other uses.

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ a b MacDonald, G. Jeffrey (December 23, 2012). "Who's filling America's church pews". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  3. ^ "ONA Churches and Settings". The United Church of Christ (UCC) Coalition for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Concerns. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d Harrison, Judy (February 11, 2012). "Bangor Theological Seminary to suspend Master of Divinity, Arts programs". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  5. ^ From the 2007-2008 Catalog
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "NRHP nomination for Bangor Theological Seminary Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette co. pp. 72–74.

External links[edit]