Baluch Liberation Front

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Balochistan Liberation Front
بلوچستان لبریشن فرنٹ
LeaderSher Mohammad Marri (deceased)
Allah Nazar Baloch (2009–present)
Active regionsBalochistan
Baloch nationalism[1]
Means of revenueExtortion
Designated as a terrorist group by Pakistan

The Balochistan Liberation Front (Urdu: بلوچستان لبریشن فرنٹ; BLF) is a militant group operating in the Balochistan region of southwestern Asia. The group was founded by Jumma Khan in 1964 in Damascus, and played an important role in the 1968–1973 insurgency in Sistan and Baluchestan province of Iran and 1973–1977 insurgency in Balochistan province of Pakistan.[2] However, the group's insurgency was defeated in both Pakistan and Iran and the status of the group became unknown until 2004. The group re-emerged in 2004 after Allah Nazar Baloch took command of the group in 2003.[2][1] Since then the group has taken responsibility for attacks on civilians, journalists, government officials and military personnel.[3][4][5]


The group was founded by Jumma Khan in 1964 in Damascus, Syria. Four years after its formation, the group took part in the Iranian Baloch revolt against the government of Iran. During this time, the Iraqi government publicly supported the BLF, providing them with weapons and operational support.[2] However, after five years of fighting, the BLF and other Baloch militant groups were decimated by Iran. The militant groups negotiated an end to fighting with the government of Iran, and Iraq stopped openly supporting the BLF with arms. However, the government of Iraq still maintained relations with the group's leadership.[2]

Following the end of the conflict with Iran, the BLF and other Baloch militant groups began an insurgency against the government of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. Initially the Iraqi government covertly provided the BLF and other militant groups with arms and ammunition.[2] The Indian journalist Avinash Paliwal states that during the 1970s, Junior level Indian intelligence officials were actively involved in operations in Balochistan. The officers stated that "we gave Baloch everything, too from money to guns, during the 1970s, everything".[6] On 10 February 1973, the Pakistani government raided the Iraqi embassy in Islamabad and uncovered crates of small arms and ammunition that were allegedly being supplied to the BLF and other militant groups.[2] In response, the Pakistani government launched military operations against the BLF, which pushed them out of Balochistan into Afghanistan by the end of 1974.[2] The Republic of Afghanistan was a sanctuary for all anti-Pakistani militant groups and from 1975 to 1980, it was estimated that it provided BLF members based in Afghanistan with $875,000 annually.[7] While in exile in Afghanistan, the Soviet Union also allegedly helped BLF to regroup, allowing it rejoin the 1973 to 1977 insurgency. The insurgency came to an end in November 1977 with the government of Pakistan emerging victorious.[2] From 1977 to 2004, the status of the BLF was unknown. However, according to reports, the group didn't disband. The group re-emerged in 2004 after Allah Nazar Baloch took command in 2003.[2]

In 2015, The Hindu newspaper reported that it was once again contacted by Baluch Liberation Front (BLF) to confirm its growing connections with India.[8]


The group is responsible for attack on civilian, journalist, government officials and military personnel in Balochistan since it re-emerged in 2004. The group along with another terrorist group named Baloch Liberation Army has claimed responsibility for killing 27 Journalists out of the total 38 journalists killed in Balochistan province since 2007.[9] Some other attacks for which group has claimed responsibility for are:

In August 2012, Reporters without borders announced that BBC’s Urdu service correspondent in Quetta Ayub Tareen has been threatened by the BLF for his perceived partisan reporting on the group's political activities.[10]

On early 27 July 2013, gunmen attacked a coastguard checkpost in Suntsar, Gwadar District. The attack was carried out by 24 armed gunmen which resulted in death of seven coast guards and injured seven others. Two injured coast guards were also kidnapped by the militants. Baluch Liberation Front claimed responsibility for the attack on the coastguard checkpost. BLF also stated that two of their militants were also killed in the attack.[11]

In 12 April 2015, 20 construction workers from Punjab and Sindh province were gunned down in Turbat by armed gunmen, which the BLF later claimed responsibility for. After the attack, the Home Minister of Balochistan, Sarfraz Bugti claimed that Indian intelligence agencies were involved in supporting the BLF in carrying out such attacks.[12] BLF claimed that the workers were members of Frontier Works Organization, which is a body linked to the Pakistani Army.[13]

On 16 November 2017, the bullet-riddled bodies of 15 migrants were discovered in the city of Turbat. Security officials state that while attempting to cross the border, the migrants were kidnapped by armed men who later killed them. The BLF later claimed responsibility for the murder of the 15 migrants.[14] The mastermind of the attack, Younas Taukali, was killed by Pakistani security forces in November 2017. Younas Taukali was one of the top eight commanders of Baluch Liberation Front.[3]

On 6 May 2023, Mohammad Asa alias Mullah Ibrahim was killed in a clash between different factions of BLF over division of extorted money. Mohammad Asa alias Mullah Ibrahim was a top member of BLF and carried a bounty of PKR 4 million placed on his head by law enforcement agencies of Pakistan. He had joined the ranks of the BLF in 2010 and quickly rose to become one of its leader. He was responsible for attacks on workers involved in development projects, Iranian containers and law enforcement agencies of Pakistan.[15][16]

On 18 June 2023, BLF commander, Ali Nawaz Rind, was killed under mysterious circumstances in a neighboring country. Some sources attribute his death to be a result of in-fighting among the BLF's ranks. Rind was prominent BLF commander and was part of BLF since 2014. He was also involved in number of attacks on law enforcement agencies in Pakistan.[17][18][19][20]


  1. ^ a b c "Balochistan Liberation Front". Database of People with Extremist Linkages. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Baluch Liberation Front – Mapping Millitant Organisation". Retrieved 1 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Security forces kill 'BLF commander involved' in Turbat massacre". Express Tribune. 17 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Three labourers gunned down in Balochistan". Pakistan Today. 14 May 2019.
  5. ^ "BBC correspondent in Quetta threatened by Baloch Liberation Front". Reporters Without Border (RSF). 1 August 2012.
  6. ^ Paliwal, Avinash (2017). My Enemy's Enemy: India in Afghanistan from the Soviet Invasion to US Withdrawal. Oxford University Press. p. 38. ISBN 9780190685829.
  7. ^ Phadnis, Phadni; Ganguly, Rajat (22 January 2001). Ethnicity and Nation-building in South Asia. Sage Publications India. ISBN 9788132119944.
  8. ^ "Pakistan outraged at presence of Baloch activist in India". The Hindu. 9 October 2015. The Baloch Liberation Front has once again contacted The Hindu to confirm its growing connection with India.
  9. ^ "In Balochistan, Violence Continues to Target Journalists". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 9 October 2014.
  10. ^ BBC CORRESPONDENT IN QUETTA THREATENED BY BALOCH LIBERATION FRONT Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Reporters without borders, 1 August 2012
  11. ^ "Bloodshed in Gwadar: Gunmen storm Coast Guards check post". The Express Tribune. 28 July 2013.
  12. ^ "20 labourers gunned down in Turbat" Dawn, 12 April 2015
  13. ^ Diplomat, Karlos Zurutuza, The. "Understanding Pakistan's Baloch Insurgency". The Diplomat. Retrieved 10 December 2017.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ "15 men from Punjab found dead in Kech". The Express Tribune. 15 November 2017.
  15. ^ "Top BLF terrorist killed in clash over extortion dispute". Samaa. 6 May 2023.
  16. ^ "Wanted terrorist killed by partners over ransom money distribution". Dunya News. 7 May 2023.
  17. ^ "BLF commander Nawaz Rind killed in 'infighting' in neighboring country". Samaa. 18 June 2023.
  18. ^ "BLF commander Nawaz Ali Rind falls prey to militants' infighting". 18 June 2023.
  19. ^ "Banned terrorist outfit BLF's Ali Nawaz Rind killed". Minute Mirror. 18 June 2023.
  20. ^ "BLF commander Ali Nawaz Rind killed in internal fighting". Aaj English TV. 18 June 2023.