Balochistan, Afghanistan

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Major ethnic groups in Pakistan and surrounding areas in 1980 with the Baloch shown in pink

Balochistan[1] (Balochi: گۏریچی بلۏچستان) or Afghan Baluchistan is an arid, mountainous region that includes part of southern and southwestern Afghanistan. It extends into southeastern Iran and western Pakistan and is named after the Baloch people.[2][3]


Northern Balochistan/Afghan Balochistan is Nimroz Province, south of Helmand Province and Kandahar Province,[4] Afghanistan.


The Baluch are an ethnic group that numbers around 200,000 in Afghanistan. The main Baloch areas located in Balochistan province in Pakistan and Sistan and Baluchistan province of Iran. Many also live in southern Afghanistan, the Baloch are Muslim.[5] The Baloch population in Afghanistan number approximately 600,000 of which 400,000 are Balochi speakers and 200,000 Brahui speakers.[6] The majority of the Baluch people live in southern Afghanistan.[7] The Balochi speakers are mostly settled in Nimruz Province. The Brahui speakers mainly inhabit Kandahar Province. In Helmand, the Balochi and Brahui-speaking Balochs intermingle. Balochs in other parts of Afghanistan speak Pashto and Dari.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2011-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-25. Retrieved 2011-07-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ The problem of "Greater Baluchistan: A study of Baluch nationalism (Beiträge zur Südasienforschung): 9783515049993: Books. ASIN 3515049991.
  4. ^[bare URL PDF]
  5. ^ Demographics of Afghanistan
  6. ^ a b "Abdul Sattar Purdely: Baloch intellectual from Afghanistan - Crisis Balochistan". Archived from the original on 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
  7. ^ "Baloch from Afghanistan: Between insurgency and famine - Crisis Balochistan". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2011-07-03.

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