Atta-ur-Rahman (chemist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Atta-ur-Rahman

Atta-Ur-Rahman (cropped).jpg
Atta-ur-Rahman FRS
Born (1942-09-22) September 22, 1942 (age 80)
NationalityPakistani
Alma materUniversity of Karachi
University of Cambridge
Known forNatural product chemistry
AwardsNishan-e-Imtiaz(Civilian) 1957-86 Pakistan.svg Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2002)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz(Civilian) 1957-86 Pakistan.svg Hilal-e-Imtiaz (1998)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz(Civilian) 1957-86 Pakistan.svg Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1991)
Nishan-e-Imtiaz(Civilian) 1957-86 Pakistan.svg Tamgha-e-Imtiaz (1983)
UNESCO Prize (1999)
AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Life Saving Medal BAR.png Austria Order of Merit
Scientific career
FieldsOrganic chemistry
InstitutionsHigher Education Commission of Pakistan
University of Tübingen
University of Karachi
University of Cambridge
ThesisSynthetic Studies in the Indole Alkaloid Field (1968)
Doctoral advisorJ. Harley Mason
Other academic advisorsIan Fleming
Websiteatta-ur-rahman.com

Atta-ur-Rahman (Urdu: عطاالرحمان; b. 22 September 1942), NI, FRS, FPAS is a Pakistani organic chemist and is currently serving as Professor Emeritus at the International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences at the University of Karachi and as Chairman of PM Task Force on Science and Technology.[1] He is also the President of the Network of Academies of Sciences in Cointries of the Organisation of Islamic Countries (NASIC).[2] After obtaining his PhD in organic Chemistry from the University of Cambridge in 1968, Atta-ur-Rahman was elected as a Fellow of Kings College, Cambridge in 1969 and carried on research there till 1973. During that period, he is credited with correcting the earlier work of the Nobel Laureate Sir Robert Robinson on the chemistry of harmaline.[3] After returning to Pakistan, he contributed to the development of the International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences at the University of Karachi. The Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Product Discovery (AuRIns) in Malaysia[4] and the Academician Professor Atta-ur-Rahman One Belt and One Road TCM Research Center were named after Rahman,[5] as well as the Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences at the National University of Sciences & Technology (Islamabad, Pakistan)[6] and the Atta-ur-Rahman Laboratories, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences at the University of Karachi (Karachi, Pakistan).[7]

He carried out important studies on the synthesis of anti-cancer alkaloids present in the plant Catharanthus roseus and analytical studies on organic compounds involving circular dichroism.[8]

Atta-ur-Rahman served as the Federal Minister of Science and Technology (2000-2002) and as the Founding Chairman of the Higher Education Commission with the status of a Federal Minister (2002-2008) and he is generally recognized as bringing a huge positive change in the development of science and technology as well as higher education in Pakistan.[9]

Atta-ur-Rahman has been selected as one of the 500 most influential personalities of the Islamic World.[10] Institutions have been named after Rahman in China [11] and Malaysia.[12] He is the only scientist of the Islamic world to be an Academician (Foreign Member) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,[13] Fellow of the Korean Academy of Science and Technology [14] and winner of the UNESCO Science Prize.[15] He was also elected as Fellow of the presigeous Royal Society (London) (FRS),[16] and he is Honorary Life Fellow of Kings College, University of Cambridge.[17] He was elected as Vice President of TWAS (The World Academy of Sciences, Italy)[18] and President of Network Academies of Science of Countries of Organisation of Islamic Conference comprising 20 Academies of Science of the Islamic World [2] The US Publisher ARKAT USA has published a special issue of the journal Arkivoc, Vol 2007, in honour of Atta-ur-Rahman FRS which had contributions from top scientists in the field of natural product chemistry.[19] Similarly the international journal Molecules published by the Swiss publisher MDPI published a special issue of the journal in honour of Atta-ur-Rahman.[20] The World Academy of Science,TWAS (Italy) has introduced a special Prize in his honour (TWAS-Atta-ur-Rahman Award in Chemistry) for young scientists which is awarded once every two years [21]

Atta-ur-Rahman is the most decorated scientist of Pakistan having won four civil awards from successive governments, including the highest national civil award, Nishan-i-Imtiaz.[22] He is generally considered as the architect of Pakistan in the field of information technology, and was conferred The World Academy of Science (TWAS) Prize for Institution building in recognition of his monumental contributions to science and information technology.[23] His book entitled "Stereoselctive Synthesis in Organic Chemistry" (Springer-Verlag) was termed a monumental contribution in the field by the Nobel Laureate Sir Derek Barton in the Foreword of the book written by him.[24] His book entitled "NMR Spectroscopy-Basic Principles" was published by Springer-Verlag and translated into Japanese for use in university courses in Japan [25] The Nobel Laureate Herbert C. Brown applauded the contributions of Rahman in science and technology.[26]

Education[edit]

Atta-ur-Rahman was born on 22 September 1942 in Delhi, British India (today's Republic of India) into an Urdu-speaking academic family.[27] His grandfather, Sir Abdur Rahman, was a vice-chancellor of the University of Delhi (1934–38) who briefly served as a judge at the Madras High Court.[28]

In 1946, Abdur Rahman was appointed as vice-chancellor of the Punjab University in Lahore, eventually relocating his family there, a year before the Partition of India took place.[28] Abdur Rahman eventually became a Senior Justice at the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 1949.[28] His father, Jamil-ur-Rahman, was a lawyer who established a cotton ginning textile industry in Okara, Punjab, Pakistan.[28] After settling in Karachi in 1952, he passed the competitive O-Level and A-Level from the Karachi Grammar School and joined Karachi University.[28]

Attending Karachi University in 1960, Rahman graduated with a bachelor's degree (with honors) in chemistry in 1963.[28][29] He obtained a Master of Science (MSc) in organic chemistry in 1964 with first class and 1st position, and lectured at Karachi University for a year before receiving a Commonwealth Scholarship for doctoral studies in the United Kingdom.[28] He joined King's College at the University of Cambridge and resumed research in natural products under John Harley-Mason.[29] In 1968, Rahman received a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in organic chemistry; the subjects of his doctoral thesis were natural products and organic materials.[30][28] He was elected as a fellow of Kings College, University of Cambridge in 1969 and continued his research at Cambridge University until 1973.[31] Later in 2007, he was appointed as an honorary life fellow of Kings College Cambridge.[32]

Academic career[edit]

In 1964, Rahman joined the Karachi University as a lecturer in undergraduate chemistry.[33] He remained associated with the Cambridge University between 1969 and 1973, and is presently honorary Life Fellow at the King's College of the Cambridge University.[33] In 1977, he became the Co-director of the Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry at University of Karachi; eventually he was ascended as the Director in 1990.[33] In 1979, Rahman did the post-doctoral research at the University of Tübingen. Upon returning to Pakistan, he joined Karachi University where he lectures and taught chemistry.[33] He was appointed Professor Emeritus at University of Karachi for life.[34]

Positions held[edit]

Government work and political advocacy[edit]

After securing the fellowship of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Rahman had been affiliated with the Pakistan government regarding education and science affairs.[33] From 1996 until 2012, Rahman served in the board of directors of the Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation, representing Pakistan's delegation.[33] In 1997, Rahman served as the Coordinator General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation's (OIC) Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) that comprised 57 Ministers of Science and Technology from 57 OIC member countries.[43] In recognition of his scientific transformation of Pakistan and building a large number of Centers of Excellence in the country as well as promoting scientific research, Prof. Rahman was conferred the TWAS Prize in Institution Building, in Durban, South Africa in 2009.[18] Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman has seved as the Co-Chairman of UN ESCAP.[22]

In 1999, he joined the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoSci) as its minister, assisting in drafting the official science policy of the country. In 2002, he was appointed as minister of the Ministry of Education (MoEd) as well as becoming the chairman of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) until resigning in 2008.[44] Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman has also served as Chairman of the Prime Ministers National Task Force on Science and Technology, Co Chairman of Prime Ministers National Task Force on Information Technology and Telecommunications,[45] and Vice Chairman of the Prime Ministers Task Force on Technology Driven Knowledge Economy [15] during the years 2019 to 2022.

Honours and awards[edit]

National and international Awards[edit]

In recognition of his eminent contributions in the field of organic chemistry, he has been conferred with many civil awards, including:

Fellowships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cabinet approves task force on science and tech | Pakistan Today". Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Network of Academies of Sciences in Countries of Organization of Islamic Conference - Home". www.nasic.org.pk.
  3. ^ "Reactions of harmaline (4,9-dihydro-7-methoxy-1-methyl-3H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole) and its derivatives. Part II. Reinvestigation of acetylharmaline". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1: 736–738. 1 January 1972. doi:10.1039/P19720000736 – via pubs.rsc.org.
  4. ^ "Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Products (UiTM)". Atta-ur-Rahman Institute for Natural Products Discovery (AuRIns).
  5. ^ shakeel, sharza (21 October 2019). "Hunan University of China to establish Professor Atta-ur-Rehman medicine research centre".
  6. ^ "WELCOME TO ASAB – National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)". Archived from the original on 16 November 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  7. ^ imedia.com.pk, Interactive Media Pakistan-. "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences". www.iccs.edu.
  8. ^ a b c "Atta Ur Rahman". royalsociety.org.
  9. ^ Choudhary, Muhammad Iqbal (14 March 2013). "Professor Atta-ur-Rahman: towering scientific achievements". Natural Product Research. 27 (4–5): 298–301. doi:10.1080/14786419.2013.766053. PMID 23473069. S2CID 19648663 – via DOI.org (Crossref).
  10. ^ "Professor Atta-Ur Rahman". The Muslim 500.
  11. ^ "Chinese research center to be named after Dr Attaur Rahman". The Express Tribune. 28 May 2019.
  12. ^ "History of AuRIns". Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  13. ^ "Foreign Members---Academic Divisions of the Chinese Academy of Sciences". english.casad.cas.cn.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ a b Partnership (IAP), the InterAcademy. "Atta-ur Rahman". www.interacademies.org.
  16. ^ "Fellows | Royal Society". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
  17. ^ "Honorary Fellows". King's College Cambridge.
  18. ^ a b c "Rahman, Atta-ur-". TWAS.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Molecules". www.mdpi.com.
  21. ^ "TWAS-Atta-ur-Rahman Award in Chemistry". TWAS. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  22. ^ a b "Prof. Atta-Ur-Rahman – IAS".
  23. ^ "TWAS prize for Dr Atta-ur-Rahman". 23 October 2009.
  24. ^ Stereoselective Synthesis in Organic Chemistry. Springer Science & Business Media. 6 December 2012. ISBN 9781461383277 – via Google Books.
  25. ^ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Basic Principles. Springer-Verlag. 14 November 1986. ISBN 9783540962434 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ imedia.com.pk, Interactive Media Pakistan-. "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences". www.iccs.edu.
  27. ^ "Profiles in Leadership (3): Atta ur Rahman on HEJ, HEC, and OIC Science Cooperation Muslim Science". Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h "A Tribute to a Living Legend". Arkat Foundation (US). 22 September 2007. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  29. ^ a b Staff writer. "Prof Dr Atta-ur-Rahman". Pakistan Herald (Biography). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Profile of Atta-ur-Rahman on University of Cambridge, UK website Archived 3 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine Published in 2015, Retrieved 8 April 2021
  31. ^ "Search | King's College Cambridge". Kings.cam.ac.uk. 17 September 2021. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  32. ^ "Honorary Fellows | King's College Cambridge". Kings.cam.ac.uk. 27 August 2021. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  33. ^ a b c d e f Pakistan Academy of Sciences. "Profile of Fellow". Pakistan Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  34. ^ a b Archived copy Archived 7 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ "Honorary Fellows". 6 March 2013. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  36. ^ "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences". Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  37. ^ "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences". Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  38. ^ "Atta-ur-Rahman – Global Knowledge Initiative". Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  39. ^ "Federal Ministers". Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  40. ^ a b c d e f Profile of Atta-ur-Rahman on UNESCO.org website Archived 19 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine Published 10 November 2014, Retrieved 9 April 2021
  41. ^ Archived copy Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ "Dr. Atta Ur Rehman". Archived from the original on 28 February 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  43. ^ "Executive Board of ICCBS". Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  44. ^ Staff work. "Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS" (PDF). SUPARCO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  45. ^ "Ministry of Information Technology & Telecommunication".
  46. ^ a b c d "Malaysian King confers degree on Atta-ur-Rahman". The News International (newspaper). 23 October 2011. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  47. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 October 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman receives the China International Science and Technology Cooperation Award 2020". 11 January 2020.
  49. ^ "Atta-ur Rahman".
  50. ^ "Dr Atta-ur-Rahman honoured". 18 September 2014.
  51. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  52. ^ "Dr atta ur rehman". 27 December 2017. Archived from the original on 24 August 2022. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  53. ^ "Dr Atta ur Rahman". 13 May 2017. Archived from the original on 24 August 2022. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  54. ^ "Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman | Pride of Pakistan | Scientists". PrideOfPakistan.com. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  55. ^ "Engro Excellence Awards 2010". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  56. ^ "Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) gives title of Distinguished National Professor to four scholars". Free Online Library website. 2011. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  57. ^ "中国化学会荣誉会士" [Chinese Chemical Society Honorary Fellow in 1997] (in Chinese). Chinese Chemical Society website. Archived from the original on 11 June 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  58. ^ "关于公布2015年中国科学院院士增选当选院士名单的公告----中国科学院". www.cas.cn. Retrieved 20 November 2022.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by Science Advisor to the Prime Minister
31 January 2004 – 28 March 2008
Succeeded by