Arif Hussain Hussaini
|عارف حسين الحسينى|
|1st Leader of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan|
29 August 1983 – 5 August 1988
|Preceded by||Mufti Jafar Hussain|
|Succeeded by||Syed Sajid Ali Naqvi|
Syed Arif Hussain Hussaini
25 November 1946
Parachinar, North-West Frontier Province, British India
|Died||5 August 1988 (aged 41)|
Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan
|Manner of death||Assassination (Gunshot wounds)|
|Resting place||Parachinar Kurram District Peiwar Pass|
|Main interest(s)||Quran, Islamic philosophy, Tawhid, Forty Hadith, Kashf al-Asrar, Tahrir al-Wasilah, Islamic Government, Uṣūl al-Fiqh, Tafsīr, Nahj al-Balagha|
|Alma mater||Qom Seminary|
Syed Arif Hussain Al Hussaini (Urdu: علامہ عارف حسين الحسينى; 25 November, 1946 - 5 August, 1988) was an Islamic religious cleric, Islamist ideologue, Muslim philosopher, jurist, historian, activist and scholar active in Pakistan. He is known as the Islamic Revolutionist leader of Shia Muslims in Pakistan and founder of Shia Islamist Movement Tehrik-e-Jafaria in Pakistan. He is also known as Khomanei-e-Pakistan. He viewed the ideas of secularism, nationalism, liberalism and socialism as evil, which he understood to be the influence of Western and Soviet imperialism.
Early life and education
Arif Hussain al-Hussaini was born on 25 November 1946 in the village of Pewar, Kurram, Parachinar into the house of Fazal Hussain Shah. His family belongs to the Husseini branch of Syeds, which trace descent to the fourth Shi'a imam, Zayn al-‘Ābidīn. The specific local branch name was Duparzai.
Hussaini received his primary education from his home town government primary school and later went on to Parachinar to complete his matriculation. Later, he got an admission into the Madressa Jafria Parachinar from where he went to the Iraqi city of Najaf for further studies. In Iraq, he studied under figures such as Aqai Lashkarani, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Madani, Ayatollah Mortazavi, and Sheikh Ashraf Asphahani. In 1973, he returned home and married, and a year later went to the holy city of Qom, Iran to join the Hauza Ilmia. In 1975 and 1977, he performed the Hajj.
Return to Pakistan
Hussaini returned to Pakistan in 1977 to mobilize the Shia community. In the same year, he became the first person to recite a majlis in Pashto, which is unusual given that the vast majority of Pashtuns are Sunni rather than Shia. He also leveraged funding from the Shia Pakistani diaspora in the Persian Gulf to create the Alamdar Foundation in his hometown of Parachinar.
Leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan
In a meeting of 28 people called in Bhakkar, Punjab, Hussaini was given the leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan, five months after the death of Mufti Jafar Hussain on 10 February, 1984, in Bhakkar. An ideological split divided the movement into two groups: one headed by Hamid Moosavi, the follower of Ayatollah Shariatmadari; the other headed by Hussaini, the follower of Khomeini’s teachings. Under Hussaini, the party began to accept Sunni members, but it remained a religious organisation.
Hussaini died in Peshawar on 5 August, 1988. He was at the stairs of his seminary, coming down from his residence at first floor, when two assailants opened fire on him. The assailants of Hussaini escaped but were later arrested. The attackers were allegedly affiliated with Sipah-e-Sahaba, an anti-Shia organization in Pakistan. It is also alleged that Zia-ul-Haq was also involved in the assassination of Hussaini. Hussaini died of his wounds while being transported by ambulance to a local hospital. Hussaini’s death sparked a riot by around 500 supporters who threw stones at cars and buses in the eastern city of Lahore before riot police dispersed them with tear gas.
His body was taken from Peshawar to his native village of Peiwar by helicopter. The former President Zia-ul-Haq and special representatives of Imam Khomeini, Ayatullah Jannati, participated in his funeral rites. The Iranian government supported the construction of a mazar over his grave in Peshawar.
- Mufti Jafar Hussain
- Muhammad Hussain Najafi
- Muhammad Nawaz Irfani
- Sheikh Rajab Ali
- Sheikh Ali Madad
- Sheikh Fida Hussain Muzahiri
- Alex Vatanka, Influence of iranian revolution in Pakistan: Security, Diplomacy Islamist Influence, I.B.Tauris (1989), pp. 148 & 155
- R. Michael Feener (2004), Islam in World Cultures: Comparative Perspectives, ABC-CLIO, p. 89, ISBN 9781576075166
- Nasr, Mawdudi and Islamic Revivalism 1996, p. 49
- Alessandro Monsutti; Silvia Naef; Farian Sabahi (2007). The Other Shiites: From the Mediterranean to Central Asia. Peter Lang. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-3-03911-289-0.
- "Tehreek-e-Jaferia Pakistan". www.satp.org.
- "Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan". web.stanford.edu.
- "Shia Muslim Leader Is Gunned Down in Pakistan". Los Angeles Times. 6 August 1988.
- Funeral Prayers of Allama Arif Hussaini by Ayatullah Jannati 1988 - Arabic Urdu - ShiaTV.net, retrieved 2021-07-17