Anti Terrorism Court of Pakistan

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The Anti Terrorism Court of Pakistan (Urdu: عدالت انسداد دہشتگردی, ATC) was established in Pakistan in 1997, under Nawaz Sharif's government, to deal with terrorism cases.

1997 creation and subsequent amendments[edit]

The court had been created by the 1997 Anti-Terrorist Act, amended on 24 October 1998 by the Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance following the Supreme Court judgment (Merham Ali versus Federation of Pakistan, 1998) declaring most of its provisions unconstitutional.[1] A short time before being ousted from power by Pervez Musharraf's coup, Sharif enacted the 25 August 1999 Pakistan Anti-Terrorism (Amendment) Ordinance which generalized the ATC system to all the country.[1]

Anti-terrorism courts under General Pervez Musharraf[edit]

Following Pervez Musharraf's 1999 coup, Nawaz Sharif was judged and given a life sentence in 2000 by the ATC,[2] which was commuted into exile.[3]

In 2000, Kamran Atif, an alleged member of Harkat-ul Mujahideen al-Alami, attempted to assassinate Musharraf; the ATC sentenced him to death in 2006.[4] Following Musharraf's resignation in 2008, Pakistan places a moratorium on capital punishment,[5] which lasted until 2012.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Charles H. Kennedy, The Creation and Development of Pakistan’s Anti-terrorism Regime, 1997–2002 in Religious Radicalism and Security in South Asia (Satu P. Limaye, Robert G. Wirsing, Mohan Malik, eds.), pp. 387–413 (a publication of the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies, Honolulu, Hawaï, Spring 2004).
  2. ^ Harding, Luke (6 April 2000). "Sharif sentenced to life for Musharraf plot". The Guardian. Karachi. Archived from the original on 6 February 2023. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  3. ^ Shahzad, Asif (20 October 2023). "Events Leading to the Exile and Return of Pakistan's Nawaz Sharif". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 20 October 2023. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  4. ^ Saxena, Prashant (5 February 2023). "General Musharraf: A soldier for all terrains -- from deceit to defiance". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 19 March 2023. Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  5. ^ Sarwar, Beena (7 July 2008). "TOPICS : Thousands escape noose in Pakistan". The Himalayan Times. Archived from the original on 22 September 2023. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  6. ^ "Pakistani soldier Muhammed Hussain is executed for murder". BBC. 15 November 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2023. Retrieved 11 February 2024.

External links[edit]