|Anderson Bridge massacre |
অ্যান্ডারসন সেতুর হত্যাকাণ্ড
|Location||Anderson Bridge, East Bengal, Dominion of Pakistan|
|Date||12 February 1950 (UTC+6:00)|
|mass murder, massacre|
|Perpetrators||alleged to be East Bengal authorities|
Anderson Bridge massacre (Bengali: অ্যান্ডারসন সেতুর হত্যাকাণ্ড) refers to the massacre of Hindu passengers on the Anderson Bridge on 12 February 1950.
Anderson Bridge also known as the Bhairab Bridge is a 1 km long railway bridge over the Meghna River, connecting Bhairab Bazar Junction in Kishoreganj District with Ashuganj in Brahmanbaria District. The bridge carries a single metre-gauge rail track. In 1950, it was an important rail link connecting Dhaka and Mymensingh districts on the west with Sylhet, Comilla and Chittagong districts in the east.
On 12 February, most of the Hindu passengers travelling on this train route were murdered. All the cases followed a pattern. The assailants would board the trains from either side either at Bhairab Bazar Junction or Ashuganj, just before the train departed. They would lock the doors of the compartment from inside. When the train was completely on the bridge, the train would stop. The assailants would pick out the Hindus one by one, force them out of the compartment, slit their throats and throw their corpses into the river.
According to Tathagata Roy, it was a carefully planned massacre. The train crew and the guard were involved in it. Prabhas Chandra Lahiri has held Aziz Ahmed, the Chief Secretary of East Bengal and Abdul Majid, the District Magistrate of Rajshahi responsible for this massacre.
- Roy, Tathagata (2015). My People, Uprooted. New Delhi: Synergy Books India. p. 226. ISBN 978-93-82059-27-1.
- "thematic chronology of mass violence in pakistan, 1947-2007". 26 April 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2020.