Anantnag district

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Anantnag district
View of Pahalgam Valley in Anantnag district, J&K, India
View of Pahalgam Valley in Anantnag district, J&K, India
Anantnag district in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Anantnag district in Jammu and Kashmir, India
CountryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionKashmir Division
HeadquartersAnantnag
Tehsils[1]
  1. Anantnag
  2. Anantnag East Mattan
  3. Bijbehara
  4. Shangas
  5. Kokernag
  6. Larnoo
  7. Dooru
  8. ShahbadBalla
  9. Qazigund
  10. Pahalgam
  11. Saller
  12. Srigufwara
Government
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyAnantnag
 • MPHasnain Masoodi, JKNC[2]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies6 constituences
 • District MagistrateDr. Piyush Singla (IAS)
Area
 • Total3,574 km2 (1,380 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,078,692
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy62.69%
 • Sex ratio927 / 1000 [3]
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-03[6]
Major highwaysNH 44, NH 244, NH 501
Average annual precipitation[7]747 mm
Websiteanantnag.nic.in

Anantnag district is a district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of ten districts which make up the Kashmir Valley. The district headquarters is Anantnag city. As of 2011, it was the third most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22), after Jammu and Srinagar.[8]

Administration[edit]

At the time of the 2011 census, Anantnag district comprised: Anantnag, Bijbehara, Dooru, Kokernag, Pahalgam, and Shangus tehsils.[1] The district consisted of seven blocks: Breng, Shangus, Achabal, Dachnipora, Qazigund, Khoveripora and Shahabad.[9]

Geography[edit]

Anantnag district has a total area of 3,574 square kilometres (1,380 sq mi). The district is bordered by Kargil district and Kishtwar district in the east, Doda district and Ramban district to the south and Ganderbal district to the north and Kulgam, Srinagar, Pulwama and Shopian districts to the west.

Climate[edit]

Anantnag features a moderate climate (Köppen climate classification. Anantnag's climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Karakoram to its east and the Pirpanjal range to the south. It can be generally described as cool in the spring and autumn, mild in the summer, and cold in the winter. As a large city with significant differences in Geolocation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly areas of the east as compared to the flat northern part of Anantnag.

Summer is usually mild and with a little rain, but relative humidity is generally high and the nights are cool. The precipitation occurs throughout the year but no one month is particularly dry. The hottest month is July (mean minimum temperature 6 °C, mean maximum temperature 32 °C) and the coldest are December–January (mean minimum temperature -15 °C, mean maximum temperature 0 °C).

Weather conditions are unpredictable. The record high temperature is 33 °C and the record low is -18 °C. On 5–6 January 2012, after years of relatively little snow, a wave of heavy snow and low temperatures shocked the city covering it in a thick layer of snow and ice, forcing them to officially declare a state of emergency and calling the following two days (6 and 7 January) off for the whole valley.

Anantnag has seen an increase in relative humidity and annual precipitation in the last few years. This is most likely because of the commercial afforestation projects which also includes expanding parks and green cover. The suburb parts of Anantnag are lusher than the central part. Anantnag District possesses all the typical characteristics of the climate of Kashmir Valley as a whole. "In his introduction to the Rajtarangini Kulan or Kalhána, Pandit says about the climate of Valley: 'It is a country where the sun shines mildly, being the place created by Kashayapa as if for his glory. High school-houses, the saffron, iced water and grapes, which are rare even in heaven, are common here. Kailasa is the best place in the three worlds, Himalaya the best part of Kailásá, and Kashmir the best place in Himalaya.'"[10][11]

"Sir Walter Lawrence writes in his book The Valley of Kashmir that in latitude Kashmir corresponds with Peshawar, Baghdad and Damascus in Asia: with Fez in Morocco: and South Carolina in America, but it presents none of the characteristics of those countries. People have linked the climate of Kashmir to that of Switzerland until the end of May, and of Southern France in July and August. But it is impossible to speak of Kashmir as possessing any one climate or group of characteristics. Every hundred feet of elevation brings some new phase of climate and of vegetation."[11][10]

Climate data for Anantnag (1971–1986)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
14.1
(57.4)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.2
(46.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
14.9
(58.8)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
121
(4.8)
85
(3.3)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
62
(2.4)
76
(3.0)
28
(1.1)
33
(1.3)
28
(1.1)
54
(2.1)
710
(27.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 7.3 10.2 8.8 8.1 5.7 7.9 6.8 3.5 2.8 2.8 5.1 75.6
Source: HKO[12]

Politics[edit]

Anantnag district has 6 assembly constituencies: Anantnag, Dooru, Kokernag, Shangus, Bijbehara and Pahalgam.[13] Anantnag district has one Lok Sabha constituency. The present MP of Anantnag is Hasnain Masoodi[14] of the JKNC. The DDC chairperson of the district is Yousuf Gorsi of JKNC which is part of the PAGD.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations 
CensusPopulation
1901155,387
1911174,66112.4%
1921193,13210.6%
1931215,28611.5%
1941238,13610.6%
1951261,93510.0%
1961285,7349.1%
1971374,17531.0%
1981490,05731.0%
1991638,63430.3%
2001843,89232.1%
20111,008,03919.5%
source:[15]
† 1951 and 1991 populations are estimated
Religion in Anantnag district (2011)[16]
Religion Percent
Islam
97.99%
Hinduism
1.22%
Other or not stated
0.79%

Languages of Anantnag district (2011)[17]

  Kashmiri (85.10%)
  Gojri (11.46%)
  Pahari (1.21%)
  Others (2.23%)

According to the 2011 census Anantnag district had a population of 1,078,692,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[18] or the US state of Rhode Island.[19] This gives it a ranking of 425th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 375 inhabitants per square kilometre (970/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 37.48%.[8] Anantnag had a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1,000 males[8] (this varies with religion) and a literacy rate of 64.32%[8] in 2011.

Anantnag city with population of 108,505 was the largest city in the district. Anantnag Urban Agglomeration had a population of 158,785.

Sex Ratio in Anantnag District in 2011 Census.[16]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 1,057,005)
948
Hindu (pop 13,180)
97
Sikh (pop 6,140)
678
Other (pop 2,367)
660
Total (pop 1,078,692)
927
Anantnag district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[16]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 13,180 1,057,005 1,449 6,140 55 7 7 849 1,078,692
1.22% 97.99% 0.13% 0.57% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.08% 100.00%
Male 12,010 542,671 845 3,660 35 4 3 539 559,767
Female 1,170 514,334 604 2,480 20 3 4 310 518,925
Gender ratio (% female) 8.9% 48.7% 41.7% 40.4% 36.4% 42.9% 57.1% 36.5% 48.1%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
97 948 715 678 575 927
Urban 8,399 272,573 504 1,149 34 4 1 223 282,887
Rural 4,781 784,432 945 4,991 21 3 6 626 795,805
% Urban 63.7% 25.8% 34.8% 18.7% 61.8% 57.1% 14.3% 26.3% 26.2%

The predominant language of the district is Kashmiri which is spoken by 85.10% of the population. The second largest language is Gujari which is 11.46%, while Pahari is third with 1.21% of the population.[17]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport in Srinagar located 60 kilometres from district headquarters Anantnag. There is a nearby airbase in Awantipora which is used by the Indian Air Force.

Rail[edit]

Anantnag district is very well-connected with railways. The Jammu–Baramulla line passes through the district. There are numerous railway stations throughout the district.

Road[edit]

The district is well-connected with roads and highways. The NH 44, NH 244 and NH 501 passes through Anantnag district alongside other intra-district roads.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tehsils in Anantnag district, Jammu and Kashmir - Census 2011". Archived from the original on 14 September 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Anantnag District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Jammu and Kashmir) - Census 2011".
  4. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Read more at: www.drivespark.com/rto-vehicle-registration-details/jammu-kashmir-jk-03/".
  7. ^ "Climate - Anantnag".
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  9. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts, as on 31-03-2008 (PDF). jkrd.nic.in (Report). 13 March 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2008.
  10. ^ a b Lawrence, Walter Roper (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. p. 13. ISBN 978-8120616301.
  11. ^ a b "Anantnag district General information". India on a Page. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  13. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  14. ^ "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  15. ^ "A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  16. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  17. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  18. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  19. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°E / 33.73; 75.15