Amani al-Ahbar fi Sharh Ma'ani al-Athar

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Amani al-Ahbar fi Sharh Ma'ani al-Athar
Arabic cover
AuthorYusuf Kandhlawi
Original titleأماني الأحبار في شرح معاني الآثار
SubjectSharh Ma'ani al-Athar
Media typePrint

Amani al-Ahbar fi Sharh Ma'ani al-Athar (Arabic: أماني الأحبار في شرح معاني الآثار) is a 4-volume Arabic commentary on Sharh Ma'ani al-Athar, authored by Yusuf Kandhlawi. Due to the author's passing, he was unable to complete this commentary. He did manage to finish commenting on the final section of the chapters related to Witr. The first volume was finalized in 1959, followed by the second volume in 1962. After a hiatus caused by his teaching responsibilities, he later returned to the project, but it remained incomplete. The first two volumes were published in 1962, and the third and fourth volumes, in manuscript form, were brought to light by Zakariyya Kandhlawi in 1974.[1]


The first volume starts with a detailed introduction discussing Al-Tahawi's biography, merits, and position. It covers various aspects such as resolving discrepancies, verifying narrators, explaining hadith texts, and examining Al-Tahawi's adaptations from other hadith books. The commentary authenticates hadiths, discusses their chains, and affirms Al-Tahawi's perspectives using the Kashf method. It addresses issues supported by Abu Hanifa and other Imams and compares the viewpoints of past and contemporary scholars. The commentary uses clear language, making complex concepts understandable. It analyzes narrator names in 'Asma al-Rijal,' scholars' evaluations, and expressions from other hadith books. Unfamiliar terms within the hadith text are clarified using these expressions. The commentary also points out additional words used by Al-Tahawi in his narrations. It discusses "Mastahabt" (recommended) narrations, presenting scholars' arguments. It verifies hadith compilation, their derivatives, and supporting evidence, referencing other hadith books. The author cites opinions of past and contemporary scholars while explaining hadiths. Opening paragraphs of each chapter provide an overview of differences and arguments among opposing factions.[2][3][4]


Bayyināt wrote that a study of this book reveals the reader's ability to fully grasp Yusuf Kandhlawi's scholarly expertise, extensive research, and profound insight.[5] The Arab News acknowledges this book as one of two significant contributions by Kandhlawi.[6] Expressing his viewpoint, Muhammad Latif Khan, a PhD scholar from the National University of Modern Languages, remarked, "In my assessment, this book emerges as an outstanding and enduring masterpiece in the realm of hadith scholarship, reflecting the approach of the predecessors."[7] Taqi Usmani added that it undoubtedly constitutes a significant scholarly work.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Özşenel, Mehmet (1988–2016). "KANDEHLEVÎ, Muhammed Yûsuf". TDV Encyclopedia of Islam (44+2 vols.) (in Turkish). Istanbul: Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, Centre for Islamic Studies.
  2. ^ Kaleem, Mohd (2017). Contribution of Old boys of Darul uloom Deoband in Hadith Literature (PhD) (in Urdu). India: Department of Sunni Theology, Aligarh Muslim University. pp. 394–395. hdl:10603/364028. Archived from the original on 24 October 2023. Retrieved 24 October 2023.
  3. ^ Khatoon, Aaisha (2017). Aazadi ke Baad Hindustan ki Khidmaat e Hadith (PhD) (in Urdu). India: Department of Sunni Theology, Aligarh Muslim University. pp. 106–108. hdl:10603/364027. Archived from the original on 24 October 2023. Retrieved 24 October 2023.
  4. ^ Kamal, Mohd Arif (2020). Ulema e Hind ki Bisween Sadi Nisf Awwal mein Khidmat e Hadith Tanquidi Mutala (PhD) (in Urdu). India: Department of Sunni Theology, Aligarh Muslim University. pp. 144–147. hdl:10603/364940. Archived from the original on 1 November 2023. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  5. ^ Mahmood, Abdul Wajid (2019). "Amani al-Ahbar Maulana Muhammad Yousuf Kandhalvi Rahmatullahi Alaih aur Unki Ma'ya-Naz Tasneef". Bayyināt (in Urdu). Pakistan: Jamia Uloom-ul-Islamia. Archived from the original on 29 July 2023. Retrieved 21 August 2023.
  6. ^ Salahi, Adil, ed. (6 November 2002). "Scholar Of Renown: Muhammad Yusuf Al-Kandhlawi". Arab News. Archived from the original on 14 June 2023. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  7. ^ Khan, Muhammad Latif (2014). Muhammad Yousuf Kandhalwi: Daawati Afkaar Aur Dini Khidmaat (PhD) (in Urdu). Pakistan: National University of Modern Languages. p. 173. Archived from the original on 7 July 2023. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  8. ^ Usmani, Taqi (2005). Tabsre (in Urdu). Pakistan: Maktaba Ma'ariful Quran. p. 86.

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