Alejandro Giammattei

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Alejandro Giammattei
Alejandro Giammattei (48934164796) (cropped).jpg
Giammattei in 2019
51st President of Guatemala
Assumed office
14 January 2020
Vice PresidentGuillermo Castillo
Preceded byJimmy Morales
Personal details
Born
Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei Falla

(1956-03-09) 9 March 1956 (age 66)
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Political partyVamos
Spouse(s)Rosana Cáceres (divorced)[1][2]
Children3, including Marcela
Signature

Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei Falla (Spanish pronunciation: [aleˈxãndɾo ʝamaˈtei];[a] born 9 March 1956) is a Guatemalan politician who is serving as the president of Guatemala since 2020. He is a former director of the Guatemalan penitentiary system and participated in Guatemala's presidential elections in 2007, 2011, and 2015. He won in the 2019 election,[3][4][5] and assumed office on 14 January 2020.[6][7]

Political career[edit]

Giammattei was the general coordinator of the electoral processes in 1985, 1988, and 1990. He gained recognition at both national and international level.

He has been a consultant to several companies since 2000.[8] After losing the mayoral elections, he was appointed director of the Guatemalan Penitentiary System in 2006. He ceased to be director of the Penitentiary System in 2008.[9]

Giammattei has had three appearances in the general elections for President of Guatemala. The first was in 2007, with the then Official Party Great National Alliance GANA with strong participation. The second was in 2011 with the Social Action Center Party but it was dissolved due to not reaching the minimum percentage of votes required by the TSE. In the elections of 2015, he joined the presidency with the FUERZA party.[10]

Presidency[edit]

Giammattei and his predecessor, Jimmy Morales during his inauguration as president.

Giammattei became the presidential candidate for the Vamos party in the 2019 presidential elections. He placed second in the first round behind Sandra Torres on 16 June 2019, with 13.95% of the vote, but won the second round against the latter on 11 August 2019, with 57.96% of the vote.[11]

On 14 January 2020, Giammattei assumed office as president of the Republic of Guatemala, succeeding Jimmy Morales.[12]

In July 2021, Alejandro Giammattei's Attorney General, Maria Consuelo Porras, dismissed the head of the special prosecutor's office against impunity, Juan Francisco Sandoval, since he intended to investigate corruption cases linked to the president.[13][14] A link to these juridical persecutions appeared in February 2022, when the Salvadoran investigative website El Faro revealed that Alejandro Giammattei was accused of 'financing his [2019] campaign with bribes from a construction company'. The Guatemalan president is said to have negotiated with José Luis Benito, a minister in Jimmy Morales' government, 'a contribution of $2.6 million to his electoral campaign (...) In exchange for this money Giammattei promised the minister (...) to keep him in office for a year so that he could continue to implement a multi-million dollar bribery scheme in road construction and maintenance contracts'.[15]

In 2022, Guatemalan congress passed a bill that would increase prison sentences for abortion, banning sex education in schools and declared homosexuals "minority groups incompatible with Christian morality".[16] While originally supportive, Giammattei would later reverse his position on the bill on 11 March 2022, announcing that he will veto the bill unless Congress pulls it back, citing that violated two international conventions that Guatemala was involved as a signatory as well as the Guatemalan constitution.[17]

Political views[edit]

Giammattei has vowed to bring back the death penalty and pledged to "crush violent gangs, fight poverty to stop migration and end 'disgusting' corruption."[18] He is against same-sex marriage and abortion, and supports using the military for civilian security.[19]

During his visit to Israel in December 2019, he pledged to have Lebanese Hezbollah declared a "terrorist organization", declaring that "the friends of Israel are the friends of Guatemala, and the enemies of Israel are our enemies."[20] A month earlier he had also pledged to align Guatemala's policy of Israeli settlements to that of the United States.[21]

In 2019, he called the Venezuelan government a "dictatorship" and said he wanted to maintain the same diplomatic line as his predecessor Jimmy Morales towards Venezuela, a country with which Guatemala has severed diplomatic relations.[22]

Personal life[edit]

Giammattei married Rosana Cáceres on 11 February 1989, and they have three children, including Marcela.[8] Alejandro and Rosana were separated by the time Alejandro launched his presidential campaign in 2019.[23][24] As result of the divorce, Marcela serves as First Lady of Guatemala.[1][2] He cites Mahatma Gandhi as his most admired world figure.[25] Giammattei has multiple sclerosis and uses crutches in order to walk.[26]

Giammattei's paternal grandfather was Italian, and Giammattei obtained Italian citizenship through jure sanguinis, in addition to his Guatemalan citizenship by birthright.[27]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In isolation, Giammattei is pronounced [ɟʝamaˈtei].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hija de Giammattei acompañará a su padre en la toma de posesión". Soy502 (in Spanish). 10 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Hija de Giammattei tomará las funciones de Primera Dama". El Puerto Informa (in Spanish). 10 January 2020. Archived from the original on 16 May 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Elecciones Guatemala 2011". 3 March 2014. Archived from the original on 3 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Biografía « Alejandro Giammattei | Presidente 2012 – 2016". 30 January 2012. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Guatemala conservative wins presidential election: electoral tribunal". Reuters. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  6. ^ Malkin, Elisabeth (11 August 2019). "Alejandro Giammattei, a Conservative, Wins Guatemala's Presidency". The New York Times.
  7. ^ "Conservative elected Guatemalan president". BBC News. 12 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Alejandro Giammattei". 2 January 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2012.
  9. ^ Desdin, Manuel. "Álvaro Colom gana la presidencia". www.cubaencuentro.com.
  10. ^ "Pavónlo lleva10 meses a prisión" (PDF). 25 December 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 December 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  11. ^ Abbott, Jeff. "Alejandro Giammattei wins Guatemala's presidential race". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Alejandro Giammattei, Guatemala's President-Elect, To Take Office". NPR.org. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  13. ^ "Guatemala draws fire for new anti-corruption prosecutor". Associated Press. 3 August 2021.
  14. ^ "Le Guatemala accentue la répression contre les magistrats anticorruption". Le Monde (in French). 18 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Testigo acusa a Giammattei de financiar su campaña con sobornos de constructoras".
  16. ^ Salinas Maldonado, Carlos (10 March 2022). "Guatemala endurece su legislación contra el aborto y declara a la comunidad LGBTI "incongruente con la moral cristiana"". El País (in Spanish).
  17. ^ Perez D., Sonia (11 March 2022). "Guatemala president threatens veto of abortion legislation". Associated Press.
  18. ^ "Corruption tainted Guatemala set to elect new president". au.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Alejandro Giammattei: La educación es el mejor anticonceptivo – Prensa Libre" (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Guatemala declarará a Hezbollah organización terrorista". 8 December 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  21. ^ "Guatemala's Giammattei: Time to recognize Jewish people's right to Israel". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  22. ^ Libre.be, La. "Le président élu du Guatemala refoulé à son entrée au Venezuela". LaLibre.be.
  23. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Guatemalans elect Alejandro Giammattei in a lacklustre presidential vote". The Economist. 12 August 2019.
  26. ^ "| Time". Archived from the original on 12 August 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Giammattei dice que no está obligado a renunciar a sus nacionalidades guatemalteca e italiana" [Giammattei says that he is not obliged to renounce his Guatemalan and Italian nationalities]. Emisoras Unidas [es] (in Spanish). 13 October 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2021.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
New political party Vamos nominee for President of Guatemala
2019
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by President of Guatemala
2020–present
Incumbent