Akylbek Japarov

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Aqılbek Japarov
Акылбек Жапаров
Акылбек Жапаров (19-11-2021).jpg
Japarov in 2021
2nd Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan
Assumed office
12 October 2021
Acting: 12 October 2021 – 13 October 2021
PresidentSadır Japarov
Preceded byUluqbek Maripov
Minister of Economic Development and Trade
In office
27 December 2007 – October 2009
PresidentQurmanbek Baqıyev
Minister of Economy and Finance
In office
26 March 2005 – 27 December 2007
PresidentQurmanbek Baqıyev
Preceded byBolot Abildaev
Succeeded byTajıqan Qalımbetova
Personal details
Born (1964-09-14) 14 September 1964 (age 57)
Balykchy, Kirghiz SSR, Soviet Union (now Kyrgyzstan)
Political partySocial Democratic Party (Before 2005)
Ar-Namys (2005–present)
EducationKyrgyz Technical University
Bishkek Academy of Finance and Economics [ru]

Japarov Üsönbek uulu Aqılbek (Kyrgyz: Жапаров Үсөнбек уулу Акылбек, romanised: Japarov Üsönbek uulu Aqılbek; born 14 September 1964[1]) is a Kyrgyz politician serving as Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan since 12 October 2021.[2] He replaced Ulukbek Maripov, who had been appointed to the new role by President Sadyr Japarov on 5 May 2021.[3] Aqılbek is also concurrently the Head of the Presidential Administration under President Japarov.

Coming from an economic and engineering background, Japarov had previously served in several mostly economic roles under the Aqayev and Baqıyev governments, including as Minister of Economy and Finance from 26 March 2005 to 27 December 2007 under Baqıyev after the Tulip Revolution.

Early life and career[edit]

Japarov was born on 14 September 1964 in Balykchy, Issyk-Kul Region, to Usenbek Japarov, a doctor, and Begayim Sarynzhieva, an engineer.[4]

Japarov graduated from 40th Anniversary of Komsomol secondary school in Kochkor District in 1981.[4] During his school years, he was a prominent Komsomol leader. In 1986, he graduated with honours from Kyrgyz Technical University with a degree in civil engineering;[1] during his studies, he was a scholar of Lenin. In 2002, Japarov graduated from the Bishkek Academy of Finance and Economics [ru] with a degree in Financial Tax Systems, Management of Organisations.[1][4]

Japarov taught at Kyrgyz Technical University from 1987 to 1991. He took an active part in the life of the institute and society and was the secretary of the Komsomol committee of the institute, a member of the Central Control Commission of the Central Committee of Komsomol and the Central Council of student construction brigades of Komsomol.[4]

Political career[edit]

Japarov began his political career as head of the Department for Youth Policy of the presidential administration of Askar Akayev from July 1992 to 1993. In October 1993, he became executive secretary, chief of staff of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan and held this position until April 1995.[1][4] From 1995 to 1996, he served as assistant to the First Vice Prime Minister. He was secretary of the National Commission for the Securities Market from 1996 to November 1997 and head of the Department for Collection of Payments of the State Tax Inspectorate under the Ministry of Finance from November 1997 to 20 April 2000.[1][4] From 20 April 2000 to March 2005, Japarov was a member of the Legislative Assembly, the former upper house of the Supreme Council, on the party list from the Union of Democratic Forces electoral bloc.[1][4] He was a member of the Regions of Kyrgyzstan parliamentary group. He also served as Chairman of the Committee on Taxes, Customs and Other Duties of the Legislative Assembly.[1]

After the Tulip Revolution overthrew President Akayev, from 26 March 2005 to 27 December 2007, Japarov served as Minister of Economy and Finance under Kurmanbek Bakiyev. He held intergovernmental negotiations with representatives of Ukraine on trade, economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation. From 27 December 2007 to October 2009, he served as Minister of Economic Development and Trade. He later served as First Vice Prime Minister from 22 October 2009 to 2010.[1][4][5] Japarov was a supporter of Kyrgyzstan entering the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) programme of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).[4]

On 1 June 2021, Japarov was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers and Minister of Economy and Finance by President Sadyr Japarov.[1] On 12 October 2021, by decree of President Sadyr Japarov, Akylbek Japarov became acting Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, replacing Ulukbek Maripov.[2] On 13 October 2021, Akylbek Japarov was appointed Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers by President Sadyr Japarov.[6]

Personal life[edit]

Japarov is married and has two daughters, Saadat and Azhar, and a son, Maksat. He is the author of the books Taxes: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow, Strategies for Economic Modernization, Modernization of the Kyrgyz Economy and a number of articles in the media. He speaks Kyrgyz, Russian, English and Turkish.[4]

In 2014, amid public allegations of land fraud, Supreme Council member Irina Karamushkina [ru] stated that Japarov is the owner of several buildings, including Damas International Hotel in Bishkek, with an approximate cost of $6 million.[7]

Awards[edit]

  • 1995 – "1,000th Anniversary of the Epic of Manas" commemorative medal[4]
  • Honorary Citizen of the Naryn Region of the Kyrgyz Republic[4]
  • 2002 – Honoured Economist of the Kyrgyz Republic (2002)[4]
  • 7 June 2007 – Sheriktesh ("Commonwealth") Medal of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic[4]
  • 13 June 2007 – Order of Mikhail Lomonosov of the Academy of Security, Defence and Law Enforcement of the Russian Federation[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Жапаров Акылбек Усенбекович". Eurasian Economic Commission. Archived from the original on 21 June 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Akylbek Japarov appointed as acting Chairman of the Cabinet". akipress.com. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Ulukbek Maripov becomes Chairman of Cabinet of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan". akipress.com. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Антон, Лымарь (22 October 2009). "Первым вице-премьер-министром Кыргызстана назначен Акылбек Жапаров (биография) » Кадры » Архив » www.24.kg - КЫРГЫЗСТАН" [Akylbek Zhaparov appointed First Vice Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (biography) » Personnel » Archive » www.24.kg - KYRGYZSTAN]. 24.kg (in Russian). Archived from the original on 17 October 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  5. ^ "ЖАПАРОВ Акылбек Усенбекович | ЦентрАзия". centrasia.org. Retrieved 12 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Kyrgyz President appoints Akylbek Japarov Chairman of Cabinet of Ministers". TASS. Archived from the original on 13 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  7. ^ Айат. "Откуда у Акылбека Жапарова такое состояние? » Политика » Gezitter.org - Чтобы понимали..." www.gezitter.org. Retrieved 12 October 2021.