This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2016)
|• Municipal Mayor||Takjil Khalifa Kajal|
|• Upazila Chairman||Kashem Vhuiyan|
|• Upazila||98.04 km2 (37.85 sq mi)|
|• Urban||8.22 km2 (3.17 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
Akhaura (Bengali: আখাউড়া) is an upazila of Brahmanbaria District, a district under Chattogram, Bangladesh. Akhaura Upazila has an area of 99.28 km2. The main river that run through this upazila is the Titas River. Akhaura played an important historical role during both World War II and Liberation War of Bangladesh.
During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 for the liberation of Bangladesh, Pakistan Army planners predicted India would launch its main attack in the east along the Akhaura–Brahmanbaria axis; however, the army had no troops in this area, so the 27th brigade at Mymensingh was moved to Akhaura, except for two battalions (which became the 93rd brigade) that were retained for the defence of Mymensingh. Pakistan Army's 93,000 troops unconditionally surrendered to the Indian Army and India's local ally Mukti Bahini on 16 December 1971. This day and event is commemorated as the Bijoy Dibos (Bengali: বিজয় দিবস) in Bangladesh and Vijay Diwas in India.
According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Akhaura upazila had a population of 145,215 living in 27,831 households. The literacy rate was 52.75% and the sex ratio was 1071 females per 1000 males. 36,262 (24.97%) live in urban areas.
Points of interest
- Kharampur Mazar Sharif, the mausoleum of Hazrat Syed Ahmad Gesudaraz, is a pilgrimage site for devotees.
Akhaura Upazila is divided into Akhaura Municipality and five union parishads: Dakshin Akhaura, Dharkhar, Monionda, Mogra, and Uttar Akhaura. The union parishads are subdivided into 86 mauzas and 112 villages.
In 2013–14, Bangladesh exported TK 2.26 billion through the Akhaura Land Port to India.
There are several schools and colleges in Akhaura. As in 2016, there is no university in Akhaura upazila. According to Banglapedia, Bangladesh Railway Government High School, founded in 1920, is a notable secondary school.
- "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Brahmanbaria" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
- Udin, Mohammad Mofiz (2012). "Akhaura Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Salik, Siddiq, Witness to Surrender, pp126
- Team, Editorial (17 December 2017). "Why Do India Celebrate 'Vijay Diwas' On 16th December". SSBToSuccess. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
- "About us". Liberation War Museum. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "District Statistics 2011: Brahmanbaria" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Agartala-Akhaura railway link to connect India and Bangladesh; will be completed by 2017 - The Economic Times".
- "India approves new railway link with Bangladesh". TwoCircles.net. 21 September 2011.
- "No export, import at Akhaura port on July 25, 26". bdnews24.com. 24 July 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2020.