Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi

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Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi
Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi in Washington D.C., United States, circa 1960.
Chairman of Pakistan Board of Investment
In office
19 October 1993 – 15 November 1994
PresidentFarooq Leghari
Prime MinisterBenazir Bhutto
12th Deputy chairman of the Planning Commission (Pakistan)
In office
7 October 1986 – 23 August 1993
PresidentGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Ghulam Ishaq Khan
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Benazir Bhutto
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi
Nawaz Sharif
Preceded byV.A. Jafary
Succeeded bySaeed Ahmed Quresh
8th Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
In office
15 July 1978 – 9 July 1986
PresidentGeneral Zia-ul-Haq
Preceded byS. Osman Ali
Succeeded byVasim Aon Jafarey
Chairman of the Federal Board of Revenue (Pakistan)
In office
8 September 1970 – 20 August 1973
PresidentFazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime MinisterZulfikar Ali Bhutto
9th Finance Secretary of Pakistan
In office
8 September 1970 – 20 August 1973
PresidentFazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Prime MinisterZulfikar Ali Bhutto
Personal details
Aftab Ahmad Ghulam Nabi Kazi

(1919-11-06)6 November 1919
Sindh, British India
Died9 August 2016(2016-08-09) (aged 96)
Islamabad, Pakistan
SpouseZakia Nabi Kazi
Alma materUniversity of Bombay
OccupationTeacher, civil servant
Notable awardsStar of Pakistan (1966)
Star of Service (1969)

Aftab Ghulam Nabi Kazi (Urdu: آفتاب غلام نبی قاضی; 6 November 1919 – 9 August 2016) SPk, SK, also known as AGN Kazi, was a Pakistani civil servant and a bureaucrat during the Cold War and during the post cold war. Kazi was born in Sindh, Bombay Presidency, in 1919 to an academic family. He started his career in the Indian Civil Service in 1944 and served as the Deputy Commissioner of Bihar and Orissa. After the partition of India, Kazi migrated to Pakistan and joined the Provincial Government of Sindh, and held positions such as Secretary of Finance and Secretary to the Governor.

During the early 1960s, Kazi was Economic Minister in the Pakistan Embassy to the USA. After a brief stint as Additional Chief Secretary of West Pakistan, he was appointed Chairman of the Water and Power Development Authority. In that role, he was responsible for the completion of the Mangla Dam Project. In March 1969, he was appointed Secretary for Industries and Natural Resources and then a year later he became Finance Secretary, a post he held for over three years until his elevation as secretary general.

After the power struggle triggered by General Yahya Khan's general election, Zulfikar Bhutto became the new leader of Pakistan. In 1973, Kazi became Secretary General Finance and Economic Coordination. When Ghulam Ishaq Khan became Finance Minister, Kazi was appointed Economic Advisor to the President in July 1977. In 1978, Kazi was appointed as Governor of State Bank of Pakistan until 1986. The Pakistan State Bank, under Kazi, was characterised by excellent financial discipline in the banking sector coupled with good relations with the Federal Government.

Kazi was the longest-serving civil servant in the history of Pakistan. As a leading civil servant, Kazi passed through several major events in the history of Pakistan, including the removal of Bhutto and the mysterious death of General Zia-ul-Haq. In 1993, he was appointed as the chairman Privatization Commission and was again given the status of a Federal Minister as Chief Executive of the Pakistan Investment Board. In 1994, Kazi retired from office, at the age of 75, and led a quiet retired life in Islamabad. He died on 9 August 2016 after a prolonged illness. At his death, he was among the last living members of the old Indian Civil Service.[citation needed]

Early life[edit]

Kazi was born into a Sindhi,[1] working-class family consisting of his father Khan Bahadur Ghulam Nabi Kazi, an educationist, and his sibling Bashir Ghulam Nabi Kazi would later go on to become a senior Judge at the Sindh High Court and later the Federal Shariat Court. The family originated from Sindh, Bombay Presidency, British India. His father was a veteran educationist of Sindh who had been awarded the MBE by the British Government for his services to humanity and social development. Anybody who suggests that a Khan Bahadur and an MBE was a member of the middle class during British colonial rule of India is being modest. His family was a member of Indian aristocracy. On the separation of Sindh from Bombay, Khan Bahadur Ghulam Nabi Kazi was appointed the first Director of Public Instructions Sindh in 1936. Kazi received his education in Jamshoro, Sindh, and went on to attend the Cathedral and John Connon School in 1930.

Education and academia[edit]

After graduating from school, Kazi attended the University of Bombay from 1937. He graduated with a BS in statistics in 1941, and later went on to gain MSc in physics and Master of Arts in mathematics from the University of Bombay. In 1943, he sat the last-ever Indian Civil Service examinations from there, becoming a member of the final cadre of the ICS.[2] Before joining the civil service, Kazi worked in the Department of Mathematics of D. J. Science College, teaching courses in Mathematics and Statistics. In 1944, he was one of the three Muslims selected for the Indian Civil Service, the others being Agha Shahi and Mian Riazuddin Ahmed. Thus, Kazi started a career that would last for half a century making him the longest serving civil servant in the history of Pakistan.[citation needed]

Civil service in India[edit]

The British Raj appointed Kazi as Deputy Commissioner in Bihar and Orissa where he served until 1947. He was asked by the British Government to stay in India, but he opted for Pakistan after partition in 1947. He arrived in his home town and joined the Government of Sindh, holding pivotal positions such as Secretary to Governor and Secretary Finance.[citation needed]

Senior offices held[edit]

After the amalgamation of all provinces in the western wing of the country in 1955, Kazi was appointed Finance Secretary of West Pakistan. In the early 1960s he was posted as Economic Minister in the Pakistan Embassy in Washington DC USA where he served until 1965. On his return to Pakistan, he was appointed for a brief period as Additional Chief Secretary (Planning nd Development) West Pakistan and thereafter as Chairman of Pakistan's Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). It was during his tenure as chairman WAPDA that the Mangla Dam was inaugurated and on this occasion he was awarded the high civil award of Sitara-e-Pakistan. Previously he had also been awarded the Sitara-e-Khidmat. In 1969, he was appointed Secretary for Industries and Natural Resources and a year later as Finance Secretary to the Government of Pakistan. He held this office during the crisis of 1971. In this capacity, he was also Chairman of the Federal Board of Revenue.[3] In 1973, Kazi was assigned the highest grade in the civil service and made Secretary General, Finance and Economic Coordination in which capacity he had to supervise the working of all the economic and planning ministries of the government. He was appointed Advisor to the President on Economic Affairs in 1977 with the rank of a full Cabinet Minister on the imposition of martial law in July 1977.[4] Thereafter he was appointed Governor of State Bank of Pakistan in 1978.[5] He served there for eight years and this period was characterised by excellent financial discipline in the banking sector coupled with good relations with the federal government. During his tenure as Secretary General Finance, Kazi became involved in securing Pakistan's nuclear capability, along with Agha Shahi and Ghulam Ishaq Khan; the three constituting the co-ordination board to monitor the nuclear program.[citation needed] In 1986, he was appointed Deputy chairman Planning Commission.,[6] in which position he remained until 1993 until his induction as the chairman Privatisation Commission. In 1993 he was again given the status of a Federal Minister as chairman/Chief Executive of the Pakistan Investment Board.[7]

Retirement and death[edit]

In 1994, Kazi retired after 50 years of service. He lived in Islamabad with his wife Zakia, who died in 2009. They had two children.[citation needed] He died in Islamabad on 9 August 2016.[citation needed]

Offices held[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Finance Secretary of Pakistan
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
Succeeded by
Preceded by
V. A. Jafarey
Deputy Chairman Planning Commission
Succeeded by
Saeed Ahmed Qureshi

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Federalism through civil service reforms".
  2. ^ The India Office and Burma Office List: 1947. Harrison & Sons, Ltd. 1947. p. 241.
  3. ^ List of Chairmen of CBR/FBR and Secretaries of Finance Archived 16 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Advisory Council of General Ziaul Haq[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "List and photographs of ex-governors of the State Bank of Pakistan". Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
  6. ^ List of Deputy Chairmen of the Planning Commission of Pakistan Archived 14 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Cabinet Division, Government of Pakistan, Cabinet of caretaker Prime Minister Mr Moeen Qureshi [1][permanent dead link]