Hans Carl Adolph von Carlowitz
|Born||25 March 1858|
Riesa, Kingdom of Saxony
|Died||9 July 1928 (aged 70)|
Hartha, Free State of Saxony, Weimar Republic
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of Saxony |
|Service/||Royal Saxon Army|
|Years of service||1879–1919|
|Rank||Minister of War of Saxony|
General of the Infantry
|Commands held||9th Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Military Order of St. Henry|
Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves
Coming from an ancient noble family, Carlowitz studied rights at the Leipzig University. In 1879, he entered the Saxon army. From 1885 to 1888 Carlowitz studied at the Prussian military academy in Berlin and afterwards served on the Imperial German General Staff. By 1913, he had become Lieutenant general and in May 1914, he succeeded Max von Hausen as Minister of War of the Kingdom of Saxony.
First World War
Upon mobilization in August 1914, Carlowitz received command of the German XXVII Reserve Corps as a General of the Infantry. His Corps participated in the First Battle of Ypres, in which Carlowitz, without any previous battle experience, couldn't handle the stress. On 27 October he was relieved of command and sent on sick leave. One month later he returned to service as commander of the 12th Reserve Division. In August 1915, he was sent to the Russian Front at the head of the III Reserve Corps with which he fought against the Russian Lake Naroch Offensive.
In August 1917, he returned to the Western Front to lead the XIX (2nd Royal Saxon) Corps. He participated with success in the Battle of the Lys (1918), and became commander in August 1918 of the 9th Army until it was dissolved on 18 September 1918. He then took command of the 2nd Army, which fought against the Fourth British Army between Cambrai and Saint Quentin.