Adolph von Carlowitz

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Hans Carl Adolph von Carlowitz
Born25 March 1858
Riesa, Kingdom of Saxony
Died9 July 1928(1928-07-09) (aged 70)
Hartha, Free State of Saxony, Weimar Republic
Allegiance Kingdom of Saxony
 German Empire
Service/branchRoyal Saxon Army
German Army
Years of service1879–1919
RankMinister of War of Saxony
General of the Infantry
Commands held9th Army
2nd Army
Battles/warsWorld War I
AwardsMilitary Order of St. Henry
Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves

Hans Carl Adolph von Carlowitz (25 March 1858 – 9 July 1928) served as a German army commander during the First World War.

Early life[edit]

Coming from an ancient noble family, Carlowitz studied rights at the Leipzig University. In 1879, he entered the Saxon army. From 1885 to 1888 Carlowitz studied at the Prussian military academy in Berlin and afterwards served on the Imperial German General Staff. By 1913, he had become Lieutenant general and in May 1914, he succeeded Max von Hausen as Minister of War of the Kingdom of Saxony.

First World War[edit]

Upon mobilization in August 1914, Carlowitz received command of the German XXVII Reserve Corps as a General of the Infantry. His Corps participated in the First Battle of Ypres, in which Carlowitz, without any previous battle experience, couldn't handle the stress. On 27 October he was relieved of command and sent on sick leave. One month later he returned to service as commander of the 12th Reserve Division. In August 1915, he was sent to the Russian Front at the head of the III Reserve Corps with which he fought against the Russian Lake Naroch Offensive.

In August 1917, he returned to the Western Front to lead the XIX (2nd Royal Saxon) Corps. He participated with success in the Battle of the Lys (1918), and became commander in August 1918 of the 9th Army until it was dissolved on 18 September 1918. He then took command of the 2nd Army, which fought against the Fourth British Army between Cambrai and Saint Quentin.

After the end of the war, he retired from the army. He died in 1928 and was buried in the Nordfriedhof (Dresden).
Esther von Kirchbach was one of his 4 children.


Military offices
Preceded by Minister of War of Saxony
21 May 1914 – October 1915
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commander, 9th Army
August – 18 September, 1918
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commander, 2nd Army
September–November 1918
Succeeded by