ADAL (political party)

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ADAL
ChairmanSerik Sultangali
Founded26 April 2013 (2013-04-26) (as Birlik)
5 November 2020 (2020-11-05) (as Adal)
Dissolved26 April 2022 (2022-04-26)
Merger ofRukhaniyat Party
Democratic Party Adilet
Merged intoAmanat
Membership (2021)300,000[1]
IdeologySocial market economy[2]
Environmentalism[2]
Political positionCentre-right[3]
Website
adalpartiyasy.kz

ADAL (Kazakh: Адал, lit.'Faithful'), previously known as Birlik (Kazakh: Бірлік, lit.'Unity') until 2020, was a centre-right political party in Kazakhstan that was formed as a result of merger between Rukhaniyat Party and Democratic Party Adilet on 26 April 2013. The party is led by Serik Sultangali, a Kazakh businessman and has a membership of over 300,000 people as of 2021.[4] Since its creation, the ADAL has participated in every parliamentary election, often taking last place in terms of vote share and has not never nominated a presidential candidate for the elections. On April 26, 2022, the Amanat and ADAL parties merged.

The party positioned itself as a pro-government by maintaining its support for continued nationwide reforms and called for large-scale modernisation of all spheres of society based on the principles of justice for people, accountability of government and competitiveness of business.[5]

History[edit]

On 26 April 2013, the two parties Adilet and Rukhaniyat made a decision to merge with each other to form Birlik (meaning Unity).[6]

At the 2nd Birlik Extraordinary Congress held on 5 February 2016, the party announced its intention to run for the 2016 legislative elections and from there, approved an eight-point electoral programme under the slogan: "Clean intentions, clean actions, clean environment."[7] At the elections, the Birlik won 0.29% of the vote, failing to reach the 7% electoral threshold, thus unable to win any seats in the Mazhilis.[8]

The party never nominated its candidate for the 2015 or 2019 presidential elections.[citation needed]

It was revealed that the party in March 2020 proposed to merge with the Auyl People's Democratic Patriotic Party in which was rejected on 9 September 2020, according due to Birlik's low political activity and its platforms of which weren't changed in years.[9][10] In response to the refusal, chairman Serik Sultangali stated that the party would continue functioning independently, noting that a new congress of Birlik would be held in near future that would amend the party's platforms, change the organisational structure with the political executive committee of the party, and would include new members.[11] At the 5th Extraordinary Congress held on 30 September, the party amended its charter which granted more powers to the chairman in an attempt to ensure "faster decision-making".[12] It also allowed for the Birlik political council to elect an executive secretary, in case of the termination of party leader's powers, to ensure the inter party election of a new chairman.[12]

On 5 November 2020, at the political council of Birlik, the party announced its decision rename itself into ADAL (meaning Honesty) due to an experiment carried out by sociologists in which the variant "Adal" was preferred more.[13] The party was re-registered by the Ministry of Justice on 11 November.[14] Shortly after ADAL's rebranding, party chairman Serik Sultangali reported that more than 5,000 persons have joined the party's rank.[15] At the 19th ADAL Ordinary Congress, the party unveiled its electoral programme for the 2021 legislative elections of which were: a dignified life for all citizens, entrepreneurship is the basis of a successful state, development of the agro-industrial complex and food security, strong regions–a strong country, and a state for people.[16] The ADAL unveiled its list of proposed 20 MP's at a party list which included businesspeople, public figures, ecologists and statesmen.[15] Due to the party's high activity on social media during the campaign, some viewed that the ADAL might take second place in terms of vote share in the elections in spite of having of being having low ratings according to Kazakh state-sponsored polls.[17] In result of the January 2021 Mazhilis elections, the ADAL nevertheless took last place amongst other parties although it did slightly improve in terms of voter percentage share.[18] According to the party member Oljas Ordabaev, the ADAL would continue working systematically with the äkımats (local executive branches) and other organisations, claiming that the party would plan to come back "fully armed" in a next legislative election.[19] During that period, it was revealed that membership of the party increased from 53,000 to more than 311,000 people.[19]

On 26 April 2022, it merged with the Amanat party, thereby ceasing to exist.[20]

Ideology[edit]

In a Forbes interview, party chairman Serik Sultangali proclaimed the ADAL as a centre-right party that positions itself for "a large-scale modernisation of all spheres of society on the principles of justice for people, accountability of power and competitiveness of business" that with its platforms would seek to compete with the Auyl People's Democratic Patriotic Party and Ak Zhol Democratic Party.[3]

Although the party had no clear and formulated ideology in its early years, it ran on a platform that was focused on the environment and social sphere during the 2016 legislative elections.[21] It positioned itself as a social justice party whose policy is aimed at protecting people from arbitrariness, creating equal starting opportunities for all Kazakhstanis, regardless of their social, national and religious background and expressed support of a social market economy and President Nursultan Nazarbayev's proposed five institutional reforms.[22]

During the 2016 Aktobe shootings, the ADAL condemned the incident that occurred within the city, calling it "an extreme manifestation of cynicism and cruelty" that is not connected towards "pious religious beliefs of believers" in regards to Islamic fundamentalism.[23]

At the 19th ADAL Ordinary Congress, the party revealed its electoral platforms which aimed at raising the minimum wage to livable standards while at the same time easing government regulations for businesses by introducing moratorium on tax increases until 2025 and ending mandatory pension contributions and payments for micro and small businesses.[24] The ADAL also called for the development of local government as well as rural areas, improvements in environment and expressed its support to provide universal health care and free education for all citizens.[24]

Electorate[edit]

Based on the party's ideology and electoral platforms, it has often been compared with the Ak Zhol Democratic Party, with the contrast being that ADAL is viewed to be more supportive towards the interests of small and medium sized businesses amongst entrepreneurs and that the party's support base would be reliant on towards urban middle class citizens such as office workers, self-employees, officials, and skilled workers.[25] ADAL has also been seen to attract rural voters by including several agricultural businesspersons in the party's political council.[25]

Electoral history[edit]

Mazhilis elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2016 Serik Sultangali 21,484 0.29%
0 / 98
Steady New party Extra-parliamentary
2021 258,618 3.57%
0 / 98
Steady Increase 5th Extra-parliamentary

References[edit]

  1. ^ "300 000 человек вступили в партию ADAL". Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). 5 January 2021. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Партия Adal: Государство обязано обеспечивать всем своим гражданам международные стандарты жизни". informburo.kz (in Russian). 11 December 2020. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Лидер партии Adal: Времени на раскачку нет". www.forbes.kz (in Russian). 18 November 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "300 тысяч человек вступили в ADAL во время предвыборной кампании" (in Russian). 6 January 2021. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  5. ^ ""ADAL" САЯСИ ПАРТИЯСЫНЫҢ САЙЛАУАЛДЫ БАҒДАРЛАМАСЫ". gov.egov.kz (in Kazakh). 21 December 2020. Archived from the original on 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  6. ^ "В Казахстане объединились две партии". regnum.ru (in Russian). 26 April 2013. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Birlik (Unity) Party Announces Participation in Early Mazhilis Election". The Astana Times. 8 February 2016. Archived from the original on 9 February 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Kazakh President's Party Wins Big In Polls". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 20 March 2016. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Партия "Ауыл" не захотела объединяться с партией "Бірлік" - Аналитический интернет-журнал Vласть". vlast.kz (in Russian). 9 September 2020. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  10. ^ Смакова, Амина (9 September 2020). "Партия Ауыл отказалась объединяться с партией Бірлік". informburo.kz (in Russian). Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  11. ^ Смакова, Амина (9 September 2020). "В партии "Бірлік" заявили, что объединение с "Ауыл" не дало бы преимуществ". informburo.kz (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  12. ^ a b ""Наш принцип – не быть много обещающими болтунами". Съезд партии "Бірлік" прошёл в Нур-Султане". informburo.kz (in Russian). 30 September 2020. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Партия "Бірлік" переименована в "Адал" - Аналитический интернет-журнал Vласть". vlast.kz (in Russian). 5 November 2020. Archived from the original on 5 November 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  14. ^ tengrinews.kz (13 November 2020). "Партию Adal официально зарегистрировали в Казахстане". Главные новости Казахстана - Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Партия "ADAL" определила список кандидатов в депутаты Мажилиса". lenta.inform.kz (in Russian). 19 November 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Пять ключевых направлений предвыборной программы представила партия "ADAL"". www.inform.kz (in Russian). 19 November 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  17. ^ "Адал или Ак жол - кому Нур Отан сольет второе место?". Город Н-ск (in Russian). 25 December 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Партия "Nur Otan" – безусловный лидер по предварительным итогам выборов". www.inform.kz (in Russian). 11 January 2021. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Партия "ADAL" рассказала о структуре работы и дальнейших планах". www.inform.kz (in Russian). 11 January 2021. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Партии Amanat и Adal объединились в Казахстане". 26 April 2022. Archived from the original on 26 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  21. ^ "Казахстанская партия "Бирлик" идет на выборы в защиту экологии и возрождения культуры". ТАСС (in Russian). 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  22. ^ ВААЛЬ, ТАМАРА (5 February 2016). "Чистые помыслы партии "Бирлик" - Аналитический интернет-журнал Vласть". vlast.kz (in Russian). Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  23. ^ "Партия "Бірлік" выступила с заявлением по поводу теракта в Актобе". www.inform.kz (in Russian). 6 June 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  24. ^ a b ""ADAL" САЯСИ ПАРТИЯСЫНЫҢ САЙЛАУАЛДЫ БАҒДАРЛАМАСЫ". adalpartiyasy.kz (in Kazakh). Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  25. ^ a b "Новые джентльмены из партии "Адал"". Ведомости Казахстана (in Russian). 11 November 2020. Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.