Abu Hussain Sarkar

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Abu Hussain Sarkar
আবু হোসেন সরকার
Abu Hosain Sarkar.jpg
Chief Minister of East Pakistan
In office
20 June 1955 – 30 August 1956
GovernorIskander Mirza
Muhammad Shahabuddin
Preceded byFazlul Huq
Succeeded byAtaur Rahman Khan
Member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly
In office
ConstituencyGaibandha North
Personal details
Sadullapur, Gaibandha, Rangpur District, Bengal Presidency
Died17 April 1969(1969-04-17) (aged 74–75)
Dhaka, East Pakistan
Political partyShramik Krishak Samajbadi Dal

Abu Hussain Sarkar (Bengali: আবু হোসেন সরকার; 1894 – 17 April 1969) was a Bengali politician and lawyer. He served as the fourth chief minister of East Pakistan. Under his ministry, the Bangla Academy was inaugurated and 21 February was recognised as Shohid Dibosh in memory of the Bengali Language Movement.

Early life and education[edit]

Sarkar was born in 1894, to a Bengali Muslim family in Sadullapur, Gaibandha, which was then under the Rangpur District of the Bengal Presidency. He was involved in the Swadeshi movement, which disrupted his education and led to his arrest in 1911. He was later released and passed his matriculation in 1915. He then studied further, gaining a Bachelor of Law degree.[1]


Sarkar started his law practice in the Rangpur bar. He joined the Indian National Congress but left it over differences. In 1935, he joined A K Fazlul Huq's Krishak Praja Party. He contested in the 1937 Bengal legislative elections, winning in the Gaibandha North constituency.[2]

After the independence of Pakistan, Sarkar played an important role in the formation of Krishak Sramik Party in 1953. In 1953, he was elected to the East Bengal Provincial Assembly from the United Front. In 1955 he held the post of minister of health in the government of Chaudhry Muhammad Ali.[1] In June 1955, Sarkar was elected the chief minister of East Bengal. His government made 21 February as Shohid Dibosh and a public holiday. He started the construction of Central Shaheed Minar. As chief minister he also inaugurated the Bangla Academy. He resigned on 30 August 1956 over inflation of food grains and subsequent food shortages.[1][3][4]

From 1956 to 1958, Sarkar was the president of the Krishak Sramik Party and the leader of the opposition party. He played an important role in the formation of United Front led by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. He campaigned for the restoration of democracy in Pakistan.[1]


Sarkar died on 17 April 1969 in Dhaka in the then East Pakistan.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Khan, Mofakkhar Hossain (2012). "Sarkar, Abu Hossain". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  2. ^ Government of Bengal. "Alphabetical list of members". Bengal Legislative Assembly Proceedings (1939). Vol. 54. Alipore.
  3. ^ Murshed, Manzur (2005-08-30). Broken Milestones. FLF Press. p. 275. ISBN 9781891855696.
  4. ^ Sengupta, Nitish K. (2011-01-01). Land of Two Rivers: A History of Bengal from the Mahabharata to Mujib. Penguin Books India. p. 516. ISBN 9780143416784.