Mohammad Abdul Hamid
মোহাম্মদ আবদুল হামিদ
|15th President of Bangladesh|
14 March 2013 – 24 April 2023
Acting: 14 March 2013 – 24 April 2013
|Prime Minister||Sheikh Hasina|
|Preceded by||Zillur Rahman|
|Succeeded by||Mohammed Shahabuddin|
|Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad|
25 January 2009 – 24 April 2013
|Preceded by||Jamiruddin Sircar|
|Succeeded by||Shawkat Ali (Acting)|
|Deputy Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad|
14 July 1996 – 10 July 2001
|Preceded by||L. K. Siddiqi|
|Succeeded by||Akhtar Hameed Siddiqui|
|Member of Parliament|
|Preceded by||Osman Faruk|
|Succeeded by||Rejwan Ahammad Taufiq|
June 1996 – 2006
|Preceded by||Imdadul Haque|
|Succeeded by||Md. Afzal Hossain|
|Preceded by||Abdul Latif Bhuiyan|
|Succeeded by||Imdadul Haque|
|Succeeded by||Abdul Latif Bhuiyan|
|Born||1 January 1944|
Kamalpur, Bengal Province, British India
|Political party||Bangladesh Awami League|
|Alma mater||Gurudayal Government College|
|Awards||Independence Award 2013|
Mohammad Abdul Hamid (born 1 January 1944) is a Bangladeshi politician who served as the president of Bangladesh from 2013 to 2023. He was elected to his first term in April 2013, and re-elected in 2018. Previously, he served as the speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad from January 2009 to April 2013. He was the acting president after the death of Zillur Rahman in March 2013. He was the longest serving president in the history of Bangladesh.
Early life and education
Hamid was born in Kamalpur village, Mithamain Upazila under Kishoreganj District to Mohammad Tayebuddin and Tomiza Khatun. He started his early education in the village primary school. After finishing primary education, he went to his relative's house in Bhairabpur and joined Bhairab K.B. Pilot High School for secondary education. Abdul Hamid passed I.A. and B.A. from Gurudayal Government College in Kishoreganj. He obtained the degree of LL.B. from Central Law College which is now affiliated with the University of Dhaka. He then joined Kishoreganj Bar as an advocate. He was President of the Kishoreganj District Bar Association five times during 1990–96.
Hamid joined Chhatra League in 1959 whilst a student in Kishoreganj, as the vice-president of Gurudayal Government College. He was also elected the vice-president of the Chhatra League of Mymensingh District Unit in 1966–67. At the end of 1969, he joined the Awami League. In the 1970 Pakistan general election, Abdul Hamid was elected as the Member of Parliament for the Mymensingh-18 constituency; he was the youngest person elected. In the general elections of 1973, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2009 he was elected as Member of Parliament for Kishoreganj-5 constituency as a nominee of the Awami League. He was the Deputy Speaker of the National Parliament of Bangladesh when an Awami League government was in office from 1996 to 2001. On 25 January 2009, he became the Speaker of the National Parliament. For his contribution to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, he received the Independence Award in 2013.
Hamid was appointed acting President of Bangladesh on 14 March 2013, while President Zillur Rahman was in hospital in Singapore. Zillur Rahman died six days later. Later, Abdul Hamid was elected unopposed as president on 22 April 2013. He was sworn into office on 24 April. On 7 February 2018, he was re-elected unopposed for a second term.
- "Hamid elected president". The Daily Star. 22 April 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Hamid elected president for second term". The Daily Star. 7 February 2018. Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
- "Speaker's Biography" (PDF). Bangladesh Parliament. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "Bangladesh President invites Hasina to form government". The Hindu. PTI. 3 January 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 18 October 2022. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- "President Hamid made a unique record". The Daily Star. 25 April 2018. Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
- "The Honorable President: H. E. Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid". Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- "Life Sketch of Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid". bangabhaban.gov.bd. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- "List of Speakers, Bangladesh Parliament". Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Eight receive Independence Awards". bdnews24.com. Bangladesh News 24 Hours. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2023.
- "Bangladesh president Zillur Rahman dies in Singapore". Firstpost. Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "President Hamid discusses 'Rohingya safe zone' with Turkish President Erdogan". bdnews24.com. 14 September 2013. Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
- কপাল ভালো বউডা আমার বাইট্টা. Manab Zamin (in Bengali). 8 October 2018. Archived from the original on 13 February 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.