Abd-al-Hussain Borunsi

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Abdolhossein Borunsi
Born(1942-08-25)August 25, 1942
Torbat-e Heydarieh County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran
Died(1985-03-14)March 14, 1985 (aged 43)
East of Tigris, Iraq
Service/branchIslamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
Years of service1979–1985
Commands heldJavad-al-Aemme 18th brigade
Battles/warsIran–Iraq War

Abdolhossein Borunsi (Persian: عبدالحسین برونسی), was born in 1942 in a village in Torbat-e Heydarieh County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. In his early life he worked in construction whilst studying religious texts on the side. He was imprisoned and tortured by SAVAK due to his intense resistance to the Pahlavi dynasty. He was killed on 14 March 1985, in the operational area of Operation Badr (1985) whilst he was commanding the 18th Brigade of Javadolaemeh. His body was left in the operational area. Twenty-seven years later, in 2011, during an investigation into Borunsi's death, his body was found and buried on the anniversary of Fatimah bint Muhammad in Mashhad.[1][2]


Abdolhossein Borunsi was one of the fighters against Pahlavi dynasty that was repeatedly arrested and tortured by SAVAK Before the Islamic Revolution of Iran. After the Islamic Revolution, he joined the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps at the beginning of the Iran–Iraq War. During this time he had various responsibilities in war. His last responsibility was commandant of Javad-al-Aemme 18th brigade that during Operation Badr (1985) he was killed in the East of Tigris. He also spent five years to study Islamic sciences. Balal battalion by his commanding during Operation Val-Fajr 3 captured the heights of "Kale-Ghandi" and the capture of Colonel Jassim Jacob, the groom and cousin of Saddam.[3][4]

Book and movie about his life[edit]

The book Khak-haye Narm-e Kooshk (titled in English under Borunsi) is collection of Borunsi's memories told by his wife ("Masoume SabokKhiz") and his fellow soldiers. This book was first published in Persian by Mulk A'zam Publication Company in 2004, and has been reprinted over 200 times since.[5] The book was published privately, since state publications were regarded as using abundant promotion, noteworthy for the state of Iran.[6] According to the writer, "books similar to Borunsi had just been rejected because of the taboo, but everybody saw that books about the Iran–Iraq War could make sales too".[7]

The book has been translated into many languages, including Urdu, Arabic, Turkish, and English.[8][9] The Arabic translation sold one million copies in its first year of publication. The publisher has made claims that the Arabic and Urdu distributions of the book were stolen, translated and illegally distributed.[10]

Borunsi was presented at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2011.[11]

The film Be Kaboodi-ye Yas is an adaptation of Borunsi's life.[12]


  1. ^ "تا شهدا" (in Persian). Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  2. ^ "خاکهای نرم کوشک" (in Persian). Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  3. ^ "دفاع مقدس" (in Persian). Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  4. ^ "شب حمله همهمه بود؛ دعوا سر سربند یا فاطمه بود" (in Persian). Retrieved 13 April 2016.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "گفتگو با مترجم "خاک های نرم کوشک"" (in Persian). 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Borunsi set a record". 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Saeed Akif grievances from activists in the Sacred Defense book". Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  8. ^ "می‌ترسم این کتاب‌ها به دست‌تان نرسد" [I'm afraid these books will not reach your hands] (in Persian). 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Eleven translations of Sacred Defense books were unveiled in the Tehran Book Fair". 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  10. ^ "خبرگزاری بین المللی تسنیم - انتقاد نویسنده "خاک‌های نرم کوشک" از سرقت ۳ میلیاردی این کتاب" [Author of "Borunsi" has criticized the theft of 3 million copies of his book]. Tasnim News (in Persian). Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  11. ^ "List of 66 titular of Sacred Defense books at Frankfurt Book Fair". 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  12. ^ "زندگی شهید برونسی فیلم‌نامه شد" (in Persian). Retrieved 13 April 2016.