A.S.M. Akram

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Abu Saleh Muhammad Akram (1888, Calcutta - April 1968, Lahore) was the first Chief Justice of Dacca High Court and a former justice of the Federal Court of Pakistan (now the Supreme Court of Pakistan).

Bengal Boundary Commission[edit]

Akram was one of the two members from Pakistan at the Bengal Boundary Commission for the Radcliff Award in June 1947.[1][better source needed][2]


East Pakistan[edit]

Akram was appointed the first Chief Justice of the Dacca High Court after it was created in 1947.[3]

Federal Court of Pakistan[edit]

In 1951, Akram became a judge of the Federal Court of Pakistan. In 1954 he was in line to succeed the retiring Chief Justice, Abdul Rashid but stood aside under pressure from Governor-General Ghulam Muhammad, and Justice Muhammad Munir was appointed instead.[4]

In 1952, he led an inquiry against Khan Najaf Khan, a police official in connection with the assassination of Pakistan's first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan.[5]

Council of Islamic Ideology[edit]

Akram became the first chairman of the Council of Islamic Ideology, serving from 1 August 1962 to 5 February 1964.[6]


Akram died in Lahore in April 1968.


  1. ^ "Radcliff's Award (August 16, 1947)". Guess Papers. Archived from the original on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  2. ^ "Reports of International Arbitral Awards" (PDF). UN legal website. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  3. ^ Jafar, Abu (2012). "Akram, Justice ASM". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Sehgal, Ikram (4 October 2007). "Necessity and overkill". The Daily Star (Editorial). Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Declassified US Embassy docs:- The Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan". Zimbio (Blog). Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Chairmen". Council of Islamic Ideology. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2011.