5 Kanal

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5 Kanal
5 Kanal logo
CountryUkraine
HeadquartersKyiv, Ukraine
Programming
Picture format16:9 (1080i, HDTV)
Ownership
OwnerFree Media Holding
History
LaunchedSeptember 1, 2003
Links
Websitewww.5.ua
Availability
Terrestrial
ZeonbudMUX5 (31)
Streaming media
WebChannel 5 Live

5 Kanal (Ukrainian: 5 канал, lit.'Channel 5') is a television station in Ukraine formerly owned by businessman and fifth President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.[1][2]

The channel became well known as the first major broadcaster during the 2004 presidential election offering critical broadcasting on candidate Viktor Yanukovych.[3] The whole staff of the channel went on hunger strike when (at the time, late 2004) the government threatened to close it.[4]

According to the Ukrainian media watchdog Telekrytyka Kanal 5 and TVi were the only remaining TV channels mid-May 2010 with independent and fair TV news coverage.[5]

Poroshenko sold the channel shortly after the passing of the anti-oligarch law in November 2021.[2]

History[edit]

In 1995, the NBM TV and Radio Company was founded in Chernivtsi. At that time, the priority areas of the company's activity were the regional TV channel NBM and the Western Ukrainian radio network Niko FM. Subsequently, the company received broadcasting licences in 12 regions and went on satellite.

From 1998 to the spring of 2000, TRK NBM cooperated with CJSC MMC-STB, which together with Intermart Corporation owned this channel (then the structure of the channel looked like this: 21% controlled STB, 30% - the company " Intermart ", and 49% - the company" Niko-PR). But due to disagreements between the owners of the founders of these partners were excluded. After that, the channel was again an independent channel, until it was bought by Petro Poroshenko.

In February 2001, the Express-Inform TV and Radio Company, founded in 1993 in Kyiv as an economic news studio, appeared on the Ukrainian ether.

In August 2002, the channel began broadcasting in Kyiv.

In 2003, NBM and Express-Inform created 5 Kanal. The idea and concept of the channel belongs to journalists Andriy Shevchenko, Roman Skrypin and Yevhen Hlibovytsky, who left Novyi Kanal, STB and 1 + 1 TV channels due to censorship, respectively. Since its inception, 5 Kanal has positioned itself as an "honest news channel." In the same year, journalists, executives and owners of the channel signed an agreement on the principles of operation, which forbade the owners to interfere in the process of news production, and adopted the principles of editorial policy.

During the 2004 presidential election, 5 Kanal was the only television channel that provided airtime to both the government and the opposition. Employees of the channel complained of pressure from the authorities and pro-government politicians.

On October 7, 2004, 5 Kanal owner Petro Poroshenko sharply criticized and accused Volodymyr Sivkovych, chairman of the parliamentary commission on the case of Viktor Yushchenko's poisoning, of "fulfilling Bankova's scenario."[6] One week later, at the request of Sivkovich, the channel's bank accounts were blocked, after which the channel's journalists went on a hunger strike and the accounts were unblocked.[7][8] To protect itself from closure, the channel even began a partial retransmission of sittings of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, agreeing on a relevant agreement.

During the Orange Revolution, 5 Kanal switched to round-the-clock news broadcasting and broadcast live on Independence Square in Kyiv and other hotspots in the Ukrainian capital. Due to this, the rating of the channel reached record levels - after the audience, "5 Kanal" ranked third in the country, leaving only "Inter" and "1 + 1", which had a large coverage of the national television network.[9]

In February 2005, a change in the channel's format was announced - the channel declared itself the "first information" channel. On March 14, 2005, entertainment and music programs, feature films, etc. were removed from the airwaves, leaving only news, documentaries, analytical and journalistic programs, and programs about tourism. At the same time, the head of the news service, Andriy Shevchenko, left the channel and was replaced by Roman Skrypin.

In May 2006, Roman Skrypin also left the channel, claiming that there was no development and that the channel's decision-making system had been disrupted - in particular, the appointment of a new news editor-in-chief took place without discussion with him as editor-in-chief channel.[10][11]

In 2007, 5 Kanal started the new year with a new program grid built on the principle of "horizontal lines". All news content was divided into blocks, each of which had a fixed place in the program grid. A fundamentally new structure of news was built, the total number of information messages increased from 40 to more than 60.[9]

In early June 2010, the court upheld the demands of the Inter TV channel group, annulling the National Council's decision a year and a half earlier to allocate 5 Kanal and TVi frequencies for broadcasting.[12] Journalists of these TV channels stated the influence on the court decision of the head of the Security Service of Ukraine Valery Khoroshkovsky, who was also the owner of the group "Inter".[13]

On August 18, 2010, 5 Kanal website shut down due to a DDOS attack.[14]

On August 25, 2011, the Ukrainian Independence TV Marathon, hosted by Tetyana Danylenko and Pavlo Kuzheev, set a new world record - 52 hours of continuous broadcasting.[15] In October, the telethon was registered in the Guinness World Records.[16]

In March 2012, 5 Kanal together with the RegioNews news agency began broadcasting press conferences in the RegioNews live media hall.[17]

On February 18, 2014, 5 Kanal was disconnected from the air, cable networks and satellite broadcasts almost all over Ukraine due to the coverage of the assault by Euromaidan security forces on Independence Square in Kyiv, but the broadcast was later resumed.[18]

Since the spring of 2014, the canal has been repeatedly reported by unknown individuals that the canal was mined (this happened for the thirteenth time on November 15, 2014), which stopped its operation at the time of the search for the explosive.[19]

From September 5, 2016, the TV channel broadcasts in 16:9 format.

In January 2019, there was a re-switching of 5 Kanal and Pryamiy kanal, as a result of which Pryamiy kanal switched to MX-2 multiplex, and 5 Kanal switched to MX-5 multiplex.[20]

On May 31, 2019, the host of 5 Kanal Vitaliy Haidukevich was elected to the central political council of the European Solidarity party.[21]

On October 10, 2019, the TV channel launched an HD version on the Astra 4A satellite.[22]

On the night of January 1, 2020, the TV channel together with Pryamiy kanal broadcast Petro Poroshenko's address to citizens instead of the President's New Year's address. Volodymyr Zelensky's address appeared on TV channels after midnight.[23]

In November 2021, Poroshenko sold the channel, along with Pryamiy, shortly after president Zelenskiy signed the anti-oligarch bill into law.[2] The channel is now owned by Free Media Holding, which includes "media workers, public figures, opposition deputies from among journalists", according to a statement released on the channel's website.[24][25]

Critics[edit]

On December 1, 2016, the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reported that seven employees of the channel's editorial office stated that they had been receiving money through the double-entry bookkeeping system for several years in a row.[26]

Satellite broadcasting[edit]

  • Satellite - Astra 4A (5 ° E)
  • Frequency - 12284 MHz
  • Polarization - vertical (V)
  • The symbolic speed is 27500
  • FEC - 3/4
  • Coding - FTA

Anchors & Correspondents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Poroshenko is not going to sell Channel 5 TV, Kyiv Post (May 23, 2010)
  2. ^ a b c "Ukraine's Former President Sells TV Channels Following Passage Of 'Oligarch' Bill". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  3. ^ "Ukraine TV stokes election battle". BBC News. 2004-10-20.
  4. ^ Russia, the US, "the Others" and the "101 Things to Do to Win a (Colour) Revolution": Reflections on Georgia and Ukraine by Abel Polese, Routledge (26 October 2011)
  5. ^ Media expert: Only two TV stations still give viewers fair news coverage, Kyiv Post (May 13, 2010)
  6. ^ "Реалити-шоу "Предвыборный голод"". lenta.ru. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  7. ^ "СЧЕТА "5 КАНАЛА" АРЕСТОВАНЫ. ИЗ-ЗА... СИВКОВИЧА". Украинская правда (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  8. ^ "Суд Киева отменил арест счетов 5 канала". korrespondent.net (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  9. ^ a b "Історія". 5 канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  10. ^ "Телекритика — Новини — Роман Скрипін йде з 5 каналу". Archived from the original on 2007-11-11. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  11. ^ "Роман Скрипін: Моє бачення розвитку каналу не тотожне поглядам топ-менеджменту". Телекритика. Archived from the original on 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  12. ^ "5 КАНАЛ і ТВі ЗАЛИШИЛИ БЕЗ ЧАСТОТ". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  13. ^ "У "5 каналу" і ТВі відібрали частоти: бізнес чи тиск на свободу слова". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  14. ^ "Сайт "5 каналу" перестав працювати". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  15. ^ "Тетяна Даниленко і Павло Кужеєв встановили рекорд: 52 години телемарафону". Телекритика. Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  16. ^ "Телемарафон 5-го каналу зареєстрували в Книзі рекордів Гіннеса". Archived from the original on 2011-10-29. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  17. ^ "Прес-конференції ІА RegioNews транслюватимуться у прямому ефірі 5-го ..." archive.is. 2012-07-22. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  18. ^ "5 канал відключили по всій Україні". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  19. ^ ""5 канал" знову "замінували"". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  20. ^ Закусило, Мар'яна (2019-01-10). "Прямий канал і 5 канал помінялися місцями в мультиплексах "Зеонбуду"". detector.media (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  21. ^ "Партія Порошенка затвердила нове керівництво. Список". LIGA (in Ukrainian). 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  22. ^ "-". YouTube. Retrieved 2021-04-19.[dead YouTube link]
  23. ^ "5 канал та Прямий транслювали новорічне привітання Порошенка замість Зеленського". nv.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  24. ^ "Poroshenko sold his TV channels because of the law "about oligarchs" – Oops Top". Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  25. ^ "Через атаку на свободу слова: Порошенко передав журналістам акції "5 каналу" та "Прямого"". 5 канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  26. ^ "Німецьке видання заявило про податкові махінації на "5 каналі"". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-04-19.

External links[edit]