2019 Women's March
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
|2019 Women's March|
|Part of the Women's rights movement|
|Date||January 19, 2019|
In 2017, a "Women's March" was held on January 21, 2017, following U.S. president Donald Trump's inauguration which attracted attention due to the controversial campaign, also supporting a variety of human rights. Example of rights included gender equality, civil rights, and future issues to arise.
In February 2018, the March became the focus of controversy following reports that three of the four lead organizers had attended events hosted by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who has made remarks widely regarded as anti-Semitic. Perceptions that the group's leaders had failed to condemn the rhetoric and subsequent accusations of anti-Semitism within the organization itself led to former co-founder Teresa Shook to call for their resignations. These accusations were followed by the disassociation of numerous state chapters. By December 2018, The New York Times reported that "charges of anti-Semitism are now roiling the movement and overshadowing plans for more marches."
News reports from across North America noted that turnout for the 2019 Women's March was lower compared to previous years, with potential reasons being poor weather, a decline in interest and controversy over protest organization in the United States with the controversies involving the March's leadership. Although the third Women's March was significantly smaller than the previous years, thousands of people all across the U.S. still decided to partake in the march.
Controversy surrounding national organizers
This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutrality by separating out potentially negative information. (April 2019)
Linda Sarsour, Tamika Mallory, Bob Bland, and Carmen Perez are the co-chairs of Women's March, Inc., which represents and coordinates various Women's March events nationally. In 2018 Sarsour announced that the principal march sponsored by the national organization would take place in Washington, D.C.
In November 2018, media outlets reported on calls for the four co-chairs to resign for failing to denounce Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. The Daily Beast traced the controversy to February 2018, when Mallory attended a Nation of Islam Saviours' Day event hosted by Farrakhan, during which he referred to the "Satanic Jew" and declared that "the powerful Jews are my enemy." The Daily Beast later reported that the Women's March appeared to be losing support, as the number of sponsors dropped from 550 in 2017 to just 200 in 2019. The attendance at the 2019 March also experienced a steep decline.[further explanation needed]
In October 2018, actress Alyssa Milano, who spoke at the 2018 Women's March, told The Advocate that she has refused to participate in the 2019 March unless Mallory and Sarsour condemned what have been described as homophobic, anti-Semitic, and transphobic comments by Farrakhan. The Women's March released a statement about anti-Semitism, defending Sarsour and Mallory.
In November 2018, Teresa Shook, the co-founder of the Women's March, called for march organizers Bland, Mallory, Sarsour and Perez to resign, saying, "they have allowed anti-Semitism, anti-LBGTQIA sentiment and hateful, racist rhetoric to become a part of the platform by their refusal to separate themselves from groups that espouse these racist, hateful beliefs." The organization's leadership rebuffed calls to step down; Sarsour's initial response alleged that criticisms were motivated by racism and her opposition to Israel. Sarsour later issued a statement that apologized to the March's supporters for its "slow response" and condemned anti-Semitism.
In December 2018, Tablet published an article by Leah McSweeney and Jacob Siegel alleging that during the first meeting between Bland, Mallory, Perez, and others in the days after the 2016 US Presidential election, Mallory and Perez repeated an anti-Semitic canard promoted in Farrakhan's book The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews telling fellow organizer Vanessa Wruble, who is Jewish, that Jews were leaders in the American slave trade and are especially responsible for subsequent exploitation of racial minorities. Wruble suggested that Mallory and Perez had berated her for her Jewish heritage, saying "your people hold all the wealth." Mallory denied Wruble's account but acknowledged telling "white women" at the meeting, including Wruble, that she "did not trust them."
Speakers and participating officials
Noted speakers at various events included New York senator Kirsten Gillibrand, congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, congresswoman Ayanna Pressley and congresswoman Barbara Lee. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi also joined marchers in San Francisco as well as mayor Eric Garcetti on the march in Los Angeles. Representative Katie Hill also took the stage in the Los Angeles March. Celebrities that also spoke were actress, chair, and Artist Table of Women's March on Washington, America Ferrera as well as actress and activist, Scarlett Johansson.
In January 2019, organizations including the Democratic National Committee, the Southern Poverty Law Center and EMILY's List withdrew from the list of Women's March sponsors, shrinking the list of over 500 partner organizations by almost half. Other sponsors who withdrew their support include the NAACP, Emily's List, NARAL, the National Abortion Federation, the AFL-CIO, the SEIU and its health-care union 1199SEIU, GLAAD, the Human Rights Campaign, Center for American Progress, and National Resources Defense Council.
The New Wave Feminists, a group against abortion, joined in this year's March, despite being removed as a partner before the 2017 March.
The Women's Agenda
A month prior to the 2019 Women's March, the Women's March organization posted an agenda of its goals for the 2019 March. The organization named it the Women's Agenda. This is the first federal policy platform the organization has created. On the same day the Agenda was posted, the organizers also announced the date of the 2019 March. Website viewers have the ability to digitally endorse the agenda. The organization involved 70 movement leaders to develop this agenda that includes 24 federal policies believed to be essential. Some of these policies include: ending violence against women and femmes, ending state violence, immigrant rights, disability rights, racial justice, environmental justice and LGBTQIA's rights. For more in-depth information, the organization has provided a 71-page document that deeply examines each of the 24 goals. Each of the goal's sections highlights the theory of change that will be used in order to achieve it. Many of the 24 essential goals have more than one policy goal.
Birmingham Women's March was dedicated to people of color. The march focused on black women's wellness to connect them with resources for their mental and physical health.
Leaders of the Los Angeles March disavowed any relationship with the national organization. The Humboldt County March, held in Eureka, California, was canceled due to the organizers' concern that the March would reflect the population of the county by being, "overwhelmingly white," thereby failing to represent "several perspectives in our community." Humboldt County is about 74 percent non-Hispanic white; thus, commentators argued over the necessity to cancel a march whose participating audience's demographic was reflective of the population. The Eureka march was rescheduled by a different group of organizers including former Eureka city councilwoman Linda Atkins. While some local groups boycotted the march, it was held in Eureka on Saturday, January 19, 2019, according to an article in the Times Standard on January 16, 2019. In response to the cancellation of the Women's March in Eureka, the Eureka group said it was considering holding an event in March to celebrate International Women's Day, which is on March 8.
In the Bay Area, marches took place in San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, Santa Rosa, Alameda, Tri-Valley, Walnut Creek, Napa, Vallejo and Petaluma. San Francisco's Women's March turnout was "among the largest in the nation," according to local Bay Area news station KRON4. March organizers in Santa Rosa asserted independence and disaffiliation from the national Women's March in Washington, citing concerns of antisemitism at the national level. Women's March Contra Costa (Walnut Creek) also denied affiliation with the national movement. Women's March in Vallejo, California was among the first to raise concerns in July 2018, and also distanced itself.
In Southern California, marches had an aura of celebration to them as participants had claimed recent victories in the 2018 midterm election where Republican strongholds such as Orange County had turned blue and elected more women than ever before to Congress.
The Los Angeles march was organized by Women's March LA, an organization unaffiliated with the national organization Women's March, Inc. Emiliana Guereca, cofounder of the local Los Angeles march, distanced her march from the rhetoric of Louis Farrakhan and the behavior of the organizers of the national Women's March. Guereca had personally promised Nicole Guzik, a prominent Los Angeles rabbi, that "Israel would not be attacked, labeling Israel as an apartheid state would be unwelcome on the stage and if a speaker went off script, the managers of the program would raise the music." After Rabbi Guzik had encouraged Los Angeles area Jewish women to join her on the march, Guzik reported, "In the very first hour of the Women's March L.A. program at Pershing Square, all [Guereca's] promises were broken. ... It's with the heaviest of hearts, that I admit I was wrong. This March was clearly not meant for me."
District of Columbia
Competing events in Washington, D.C. included the March For All Women organized by the politically conservative Independent Women's Forum, as well as the Inclusive Women 4 Equality for All Rally, which drew significantly smaller numbers.
A man attending the rally alleges he was sexually assaulted by a woman in an incident partially caught on camera. The woman was later charged with misdemeanor sex abuse.
The organizers of the Women's March Chicago announced they had canceled plans for a march in January 2019, citing high costs. They denied that the decision was in response to the controversy over antisemitism in the national movement but called the opportunity to distance itself from the national leadership a "side benefit." Instead they planned a "day of service". A small march of "several hundred" was organized independently.
The New Orleans March was canceled in early January 2019 over the allegations of antisemitism against the national leadership. In a statement, the chapter said, "The controversy is dampening efforts of sister marches to fundraise, enlist involvement, find sponsors and attendee numbers have drastically declined this year. New Orleans is no exception."
In December 2018, some leaders of the Michigan March disaffiliated themselves from the national organization and urged fellow activists to do the same. The 2019 March in Michigan was different from previous years' Marches, which had taken place at the Michigan Capitol building. The organizers chose to move the March to Detroit, hoping to make the March more accessible via metro, "especially [to] communities of color and people who may not have any means of driving to Lansing."
New York City
In November, organizers of the annual New York City March, the Women's March Alliance, which organized the New York Marches in 2017 and 2018, and held a permit for a January 19, 2019, march, objected to the efforts of the national group led by Sarsour, Women's March, Inc., to take control of the 2019 New York City March. March Alliance organizer Katherine Siemionko said that her group had lost "thousands" of followers on social media and donors and that well known people had turned down invitations to speak at the march. The Alliance, the sole group with a permit to march, started at 72nd Street and Central Park West and marched to 44th St.
By December, the New York March had split into two marches, one affiliated with the national group, and the other led by March On, a group created by multiple sister march organizers and led by Vanessa Wruble, co-founder and Head of Campaign Operations of the 2017 Women's March, who left the group and charges that the national organizers made antisemitic assertions during the organizing effort for the founding event. The newer New York City Women's March, affiliated with Sarsour and Mallory's Washington D.C.-based organization, had a permit for a "rally" in the park at Foley Square.
Women in Philadelphia organized two separate marches, one was Philadelphia's Women's March chapter that is affiliated with the Washington, D.C. based organization, and the other independent of it. The independent march was organized by Philly Women Rally. The Women's March affiliated with the Women's March organization took place at LOVE Park and the other march started at Logan Square.
The Washington state Women's March voted to discontinue the Tacoma march due to disagreement of the support given by the national leadership to Farrakhan. The Spokane, Washington march attracted 8,000 in 2017 and 6,000 in 2018. Angie Beem, leader of the Washington state March and a President of the Board of Women's March Washington, criticized the March's national leaders and said of the organization "continuing to be a part of the Women's March with the blatant bigotry they display would be breaking a promise. We can't betray our Jewish community by remaining a part of this organization."
- Saveri, Mihir (September 29, 2018). "Next Women's March Is Set for January, With Main Protest in Washington". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Kelly, Caroline (September 29, 2019). "Next Women's March to be held in January". CNN. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- "Women's March". Women's March.
- Rafferty, John P. "Women's March". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
- "A timeline of the Women's March anti-Semitism controversies". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. January 17, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Stockman, Farah (December 23, 2018). "Women's March Roiled by Accusations of Anti-Semitism". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 23, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- Wines, Michael; Stockman, Farah (January 19, 2019). "Smaller Crowds Turn Out for Third Annual Women's March Events". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "Women's March returns to D.C., smaller in number but still packing sister power and anger". pennlive.com. Associated Press. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Smith, Charlie (January 19, 2019). "March on Vancouver attracts sizable crowd but nothing like the Women's March of 2017". Georgia Straight Vancouver's News & Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Hall, Ellie; Baer, Stephanie. "After A Year Of Controversy, Thousands Of Women Gathered For The Third Annual Women's March". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Chenoweth, Erica; Pressman, Jeremy (February 7, 2017). "This is what we learned by counting the women's marches". The Washington Post.
- Lansat, Myelle. "'We are here for all of us': Despite negativity surrounding the Women's March 2019, thousands rallied for unity in DC". Business Insider. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "'The women's wave is coming': Global women's march planned for January 2019". USA Today. September 29, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Lang, Marissa J. (November 21, 2019). "Anger over Farrakhan ties prompts calls for Women's March leaders to resign". Washington Post. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Kicinich, Jackie (November 19, 2018). "A Record Number of Women Were Just Elected, but the Women's March Is Imploding". The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Richardson, Valerie (November 27, 2018). "'Mean girls': Farrakhan's influence tarnishes Women's March leadership team". Washington Times. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Pagano, John-Paul (March 8, 2018). "The Women's March Has a Farrakhan Problem". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- Kucinich, Jackie; Shugerman, Emily (November 29, 2018). "Embattled Women's March Finally Releases Financial Records". The Daily Beast. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
- "Top Sponsors Quietly Drop Women's March amid Anti-Semitism Allegations". National Review. January 14, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Golden, Hannah. "The Size Of The 2019 Women's March Has Changed From Previous Years". Elite Daily. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Sobel, Ariel (October 30, 2018). "Why #MeToo Activist Alyssa Milano Will Not Speak at Next Women's March". The Advocate (LGBT magazine). Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- "Actress Alyssa Milano won't speak at Women's March unless its leaders condemn Farrakhan". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Harvard, Sarah (November 7, 2018). "Alyssa Milano refuses to speak at Women's March events unless co-chairs step down". The Independent. Archived from the original on November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Flood, Brian (November 8, 2018). "Alyssa Milano won't speak at Women's March unless organizers condemn Louis Farrakhan". Fox News. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- "Women's March Statement Condemns anti-Semitism While Defending Leaders Linda Sarsour and Tamika Mallory". Haaretz. JTA. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- Krawczyk, Kathryn (November 19, 2018). "Women's March founder calls for leaders to step down amid anti-Semitism controversy". The Week. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
- 'Hateful and Racist' Women's March Founder Calls on Leaders to Resign, Citing anti-Semitism and Homophobia, Haaretz, Allison Kaplan Sommer, November 20, 2018
- Goldenberg, Ashley Rae (November 21, 2018). "Women's March Leadership Shows Schism Over Anti-Semitism". Capital Research Center. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- JTA (November 21, 2018). "Linda Sarsour Apologizes to Woman's March Jewish Members for Slow Response to anti-Semitism". Haaretz. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- McSweeney, Leah; Siegel, Jacob (December 10, 2018). "Is the Women's March Melting Down?". Tablet.
- Fisher, Anthony L. "The Women's March leadership has been accused of anti-Semitism, and many local chapters are disassociating from the national organization". Business Insider. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- Hall, Ellie; Baer, Stephanie K. (January 20, 2019). "After A Year Of Controversy, Thousands Of Women Gathered For The Third Annual Women's March". Buzz Feed News. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
many Democratic politicians — including most of those thought to be considering 2020 presidential bids — steered clear of Saturday’s events. Notable exceptions included New York Senator and recently-declared 2020 candidate Kirsten Gillibrand, who addressed a Women's March in Des Moines, Iowa, and newly-elected US Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who spoke to the crowd at two competing rallies in New York. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi marched in San Francisco
- "Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand speaks at Women's March in Iowa: 'We would change everything'". ABC News. January 20, 2019.
- Alford, Emily. "Women's March 2019: Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Marches In NYC, Kirsten Gillibrand Speaks in Iowa". Jezebel.
- Burton, Paul (January 19, 2019). "Women's March Rallies Held Around New England". Boston CBS Local. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- Hernández, Lauren (January 20, 2019). "Thousands rally for justice at Women's March in SF". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- Khalil, Ashraf (January 20, 2019). "A scaled-down, but still angry, Women's March returns". Associated Press. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
In San Francisco, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi was in the march and video on Twitter showed people clapping and cheering as she passed.
- Etehad, Laura J. Nelson, Melissa. "Thousands turn out for Women's March across the country". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
- "Katie Hill Speaks at Women's March in Los Angeles". Santa Clarita Gazette and Free Classifieds. January 24, 2019. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Veazey, Karen. "The Full List Of Speakers At The 2019 Women's March Is One Impressive Lineup". Romper. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- Melita Kiely (January 19, 2019). "Jane Walker shows support for Women's March". The Spirits Business. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
To support this year’s #WomensWave march, the brand has created a series of Jane Walker "signs of progress" in partnership with graphic artists
- "Jane Walker By Johnnie Walker To Bring 'Signs Of Progress' To Washington, DC For The 2019 Women's March". KWTV-DT – CBS 9 News. January 14, 2019. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- "Jane Walker By Johnnie Walker To Bring 'Signs Of Progress' To Washington, D.C. For The 2019 Women's March". Yahoo. January 19, 2019. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
Jane Walker by Johnnie Walker will host a 'Signs of Progress' truck at 14th Street NW & Constitution Ave NW along the March route to distribute complimentary signs. The brand will have a designated donation booth in the Constitution Gardens near the conclusion of the March route for participants to donate any and all signs
- Richardson, Valerie (January 15, 2019). "Women's March leaders deny anti-Semitism claims as DNC, Harris, Gillibrand abandon 2019 event". The Washington Times. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
Three companies are also listed as sponsors: Johnnie Walker, Ben & Jerry’s, and Echte Liebe.
- Kucinich, Jackie (January 15, 2019). "The Democratic Party Drops Its Sponsorship of Women's March Amid Farrakhan Blow-Up". Daily Beast. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan (January 15, 2019). "In Major Blow, Democratic National Committee Withdraws Women's March Sponsorship" – via Haaretz.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan (January 13, 2019). "Southern Poverty Law Center, Emily's List Distance Themselves From Women's March Following Controversy". Haaretz. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
- "How the New Wave Feminists are changing the conversation around abortion". America Magazine. January 18, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- "2019 Agenda". Women's March. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- "The Women's March 2019 Women's Agenda | Maternal Death | Medicare (United States)". Scribd. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Crain, Abbey. "Birmingham Women's March to focus on black women wellness". Al.com. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan (December 18, 2018). "Anti-Semitism Controversy Divides Women's March: 'We Can't Betray Our Jewish Community'". Haaretz. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- Politi, Daniel (December 30, 2018). "Women's March in California Canceled Over Fear it Would Be "Overwhelmingly White"". Slate. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Casiano, Louis (December 30, 2018). "Women's March event canceled over concerns of being 'overwhelmingly white'". Fox News.
- Brice-Saddler, Michael (January 5, 2019). "California Women's March rally canceled over concerns that it would be "overwhelmingly white"". The Denver Post. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- Santos, Philip (January 15, 2019). "Despite boycott by original planners, women's march proceeds". Times-Standard. United States: Digital First Media. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Staff, SF Station. "The Women's March Unites the Bay Area". SF Station – San Francisco City Guide. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Degan, Ryan J. "Tri-Valley Women's March sees hundreds take the streets of downtown Pleasanton". pleasantonweekly.com. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "From Our Readers: Women's March Napa Valley". Napa Valley Register. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "Thousands Rally in Women's Marches Across the Bay Area". January 19, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Staff, KRON4 (January 20, 2019). "Third annual Women's March draws thousands to San Francisco". KRON. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "Hundreds take to the streets in Sonoma County at third annual Women's March events". Santa Rosa Press Democrat. January 19, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "3rd Annual Women's March Contra Costa 2019". Walnut Creek, CA Patch. December 28, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- Raskin-Zrihen, Rachel (July 6, 2018). "Vallejo Jews urge Women's March to purge anti-Semitism". J Weekly. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- Raskin-Zrihen, Rachel (January 19, 2019). "Hundreds participate in Vallejo Women's March". Times Herald Online. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- "Southern California demonstrators join peers around the world for Women's March 2019". Daily News. January 20, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- "AJC Hosts L.A. Women's March Leader Meeting with Jewish Leaders." AJC. January 9, 2019. January 21, 2019.
- Guzik, Nicole. "Why I Left the Women's March L.A." Jewish Journal. January 19, 2019. January 21, 2019.
- Guzik. "Marching as a Woman, as a Jew, as a Rabbi." Jewish Journal'. January 16, 2019. January 21, 2019.
- "When Women's March gathers this year, so will a rival event for 'all women'". WTOP. January 18, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- "'I march for all women': Thousands gather for third Women's March after year of controversy". The Washington Post. January 18, 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
- "'Women's March protester faces sex abuse charge for incident with Infowars producer'". Washington Examiner. January 30, 2019. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- Lourgos, Angie Leventis. "As national Women's March leaders face claims of anti-Semitism, Chicago group says it won't host January march, citing costs". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Lourgos, Angie Leventis (December 27, 2018). "With no Chicago Women's March this January, supporters challenged to focus on community action". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- AB7 7, youtube.com
- Yassine, Leen (January 21, 2019). "Young Women's March Rally Organized By Chicago Youth Attracts Hundreds".
- "New Orleans cancels Women's March, cites anti-Semitism controversy involving national leadership". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- "No Women's March at the Capitol this year, as organizers choose Detroit". Lansing State Journal. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Another big snowstorm headed toward Lincoln; Women's March postponed". Lincoln Journal Star. Lincoln, NE. January 15, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
- Cook, Lauren (November 8, 2019). "Women's March groups warring over NYC demonstration in 2019". AM New York. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- Dolsten, Josefin (December 24, 2018). "Women's March facing unknown challenges with antisemitism allegations". Jerusalem Post. JTA. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Robbins, Liz (January 16, 2019). "How New York City Ended Up With 2 Competing Women's Marches". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- "March On for Voting Rights". March On.
- Miles, Frank (December 24, 2018). "Women's March splits over alleged anti-Semitism". New York Post. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Orso, Anna (January 16, 2019). "Saturday's Women's March on Philadelphia: dueling protests and uncertain weather". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- Hill, Kip (December 14, 2018). "Washington Women's March group disbands amid anti-Semitism controversy at national level". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved January 16, 2019.