2004 Kazakh legislative election

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2004 Kazakh legislative election

← 1999 19 September 2004 (first round)
3 October 2004 (second round)
2007 →

All 77 seats in the Mazhilis
39 seats needed for a majority
Turnout56.49% (Decrease 5.97pp)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Nursultan Nazarbayev Romin Madinov Dariga Nazarbayeva
Party Otan Agrarian Civic Bloc Asar
Leader since 1 March 1999 28 July 2004 25 October 2003
Last election 23
Seats won 42 11 4
Seat change Increase19 New New
Percentage 80.99% 7.1% 11.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party
Leader Alikhan Baimenov Maksut Narikbaev
Party Ak Zhol Democratic Party Adilet
Leader since 31 July 2004 14 June 2004
Last election
Seats won 1 1
Seat change New New
Percentage 12.0% 0.8%

Chair before election

Zharmakhan Tuyakbay

Elected Chair

Zharmakhan Tuyakbay

Legislative elections were held in Kazakhstan on 19 September and 3 October 2004. The Otan party won 42 of the 77 seats, gaining a majority in the Mazhilis.


By 2003 the Kazakh economy was on a recovery with its GDP growth rate being 9.2% which was one of the highest rates among the CIS countries. The primary cause was due to the increased cost of petroleum as a result of the American-led war in Afghanistan, which allowed the government to repay its debts and raise pensions, average salaries and improve medical services. The quality of life in Kazakhstan was improving, as the average monthly salaries increased to about 28,000 Tenge ($198) or about 8.3% increase from 2002. This increase however was not spread evenly. Some groups benefited greatly from the increasing wages, while about 25% of Kazakhs especially in the southwestern districts and regions around the Caspian Sea continued to live below the poverty line.

Despite improvements in the economy and social issues, Kazakhstan faced problems with the lack of independent media, a poor human rights record and the unfair treatment of independent journalists, including the case of Sergei Duvanov who was arrested in October 2002, a few days before his travel to the United States to discuss corruption and the situation with the Kazakh medi, when he was accused of sexually assaulting a minor.[1] Due to international pressure, including from American Secretary of State Colin Powell, Duvanov was released in January 2004.[2]

In the years leading up to the elections, political parties had been significantly weakened. The process of re-registration of parties in spring 2003 particularly affected the opposition due to a law that raised the minimum number of members for parties to be able to register to 50,000. Several opposition parties were unable to meet this requirement.[3]


PartyProportionalFirst roundSecond roundTotal
Aq Jol Democratic Party572,67212.041001New
Agrarian and Civic Union of Workers Bloc336,1777.0719111–5
Opposition Union of Communists and QDT Bloc163,8243.440000–3
People's Communist Party of Kazakhstan94,1401.980000New
Auyl People's Democratic Patriotic Party82,5231.730000New
Democratic Party Adilet36,3790.760011New
Party of Patriots26,2870.550000New
Rukhaniyat Party20,8260.4400000
Valid votes4,757,77397.23
Invalid/blank votes135,4312.77
Total votes4,893,204100.001,250,675
Registered voters/turnout8,662,18856.498,662,1882,766,46545.21
Source: CEC, CNN IPU


  1. ^ "Kazakhstan: Is The Glass Half Full Or Half Empty? Journalist Struggles With 'Semi-Free' Status". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  2. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld | Out of prison, Kazakhstani journalist shrugs off government pressure". Refworld. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  3. ^ Abazov, Rafis (October 2004). "PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN KAZAKHSTAN: READING AND INTERPRETING THE RESULTS" (PDF). Universidad Complutense Madrid. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-09-02. Retrieved 2020-05-01.

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