1984 Pakistani Islamisation programme referendum

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A referendum on the Islamisation policy of President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was held in Pakistan on 19 December 1984. Voters were asked whether they supported Zia-ul-Haq's proposals for amending several laws in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah, whether they wanted this process to continue, and whether they supported the Islamic ideology of Pakistan.[1] The referendum also served as way of extending Zia-ul-Haq's presidential term by five years.[2] Official results declared it approved by 98.5% of voters, with a turnout of 62.2%.[1] Independent observers questioned whether voter participation had reached 30% and noted that there had been "widespread irregularities".[3]


Choice Votes %
For 21,253,757 98.5
Against 316,918 1.5
Invalid/blank votes 180,226
Total 21,750,901 100
Registered voters/turnout 34,992,425 62.2
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p677 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. ^ Nohlen et al., p673
  3. ^ Richter, William L. (February 1985). "Pakistan in 1984: Digging In". Asian Survey. 25 (2): 147. doi:10.2307/2644298. JSTOR 2644298.