1972 Sindhi Language Bill

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Sindhi Language Bill
Provincial Assembly of Sindh
Territorial extentPakistan Pakistan
Enacted3 July 1972
Introduced byMumtaz Bhutto
This bill granted official status to the Sindhi language in the province of Sindh, as a result Sindhi became the first language in Pakistan to have its own official status.
Status: In force

Sindhi Language Bill, 1972 was introduced by the Chief Minister Mumtaz Bhutto on July 3, 1972, in the Sindh Assembly, Pakistan.[1][2] The 1972 Language violence in Sindh occurred starting on July 7, 1972,[3] when the Sindh Assembly passed the Sind Teaching, Promotion and Use of Sindhi Language Bill, 1972[4] which established Sindhi language as the sole official language of the province resulting in language violence in Sindh. Due to the clashes, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto explained that this bill is not against Urdu language. Later an ordinance was also promulgated to clarify it. The original bill as passed by the Sindh Assembly on 7 July 1972 is still in place.[5][6]


It provided inter alia that:[7]

Clause 4[edit]

  • (1) Sindhi and Urdu shall be compulsory subjects for study in classes IV to XII in all institutions in which such classes are held.
  • (2) The introduction of Sindhi as a compulsory subject shall commence at the lowest level namely class IV and by stages to be prescribed, be introduced in higher classes up to class XII.

Clause 6[edit]

Subject to the provisions of the Constitution, Government may make arrangements for progressive use of Sindhi language in offices and departments of Government including Courts and Assembly.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "1972 riots: Was it a language issue?". Herald (Pakistan). 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  2. ^ Ahmer, Dr Moonis (2018-12-02). "SOCIETY: SINDHI CULTURE AND SINDH'S URBAN SPACES". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  3. ^ InpaperMagazine, From (2012-10-06). "A leaf from history: Language frenzy in Sindh". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  4. ^ "SIND ACT NO.XIV OF 1972" (PDF). sindhlaws.gov.pk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-12-15. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  5. ^ "A leaf from history: Language frenzy in Sindh". Dawn. 6 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  6. ^ Report, Dawn (2018-03-19). "Call to declare Sindhi official language". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  7. ^ "Sindhi Language Bill" (PDF). Government of Sindh. 6 July 1972. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  8. ^ "The Sindhi Language Movement" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-07-20. Retrieved 2016-02-15.