1969 East Pakistan mass uprising

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1969 East Pakistan uprising
Mass uprising 1969 Dhaka University.jpg
A student procession at the University of Dhaka campus during the mass uprising of 1969.
DateJanuary 1969 – March 1969
Caused byAuthoritarianism
GoalsAcceptation of the Six Points
MethodsProtest march
Resulted inAyub Khan's resignation
Yahya Khan becomes president
Parties to the civil conflict
Lead figures

The 1969 East Pakistan uprising (Bengali: ঊনসত্তরের গণঅভ্যুত্থান, lit.'69’s Mass uprising') was a democratic political movement in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). The uprising consisted of mass demonstrations and sporadic conflicts between government armed forces and the demonstrators. Although the unrest began in 1966 with the Six point movement of Awami League, it got momentum at the beginning of 1969. It culminated in the resignation of Muhammad Ayub Khan, the president of Pakistan. The uprising also led to the withdrawal of the Agartala Conspiracy Case and acquittal of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his colleagues.[1]

Timeline of events in 1969[edit]

  • 4 January: Shorbodolio Chatro Shongram Porishad (The All Party Student Action Committee) puts forth its 11-point agenda.
  • 7–8 January: Formation of a political coalition named the Democratic Action Committee (DAC) to restore democracy.
  • 20 January: Student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman dies as the police open fire on the demonstrators.
Asaduzzaman's death reported in The Azad newspaper on 21 January 1969
Deepa Sen, leading the procession by University of Dhaka students (25 January 1969)
  • 24 January: Matiur Rahman Mallik, a teenage activist, is gunned down by the police.
  • 15 February: Sergeant Zahurul Haq, one of the convicts of Agartala Conspiracy Case, is assassinated in the prison of Kurmitola Cantonment.
  • 18 February: Shamsuzzoha of the University of Rajshahi is killed as the police open fire on a silent procession in Rajshahi.
  • 22 February: Withdrawal of Agartala Conspiracy Case. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, leader of the All-Pakistan Awami League, released from his prison cell in the Dhaka cantonment.[2]
  • 23 February: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is accorded a grand reception, where he is given the title Bangabandhu (friend of Bengal).[1]
  • 10–13 March: Ayub Khan calls for a round-table meeting with the opposition.
  • 25 March: Ayub Khan hands over power to General Yahya Khan, the army Chief of Staff.


  1. ^ a b Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir, eds. (2012). "Mass Upsurge, 1969". Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. OL 30677644M. Retrieved 3 June 2023.
  2. ^ "Agartala case and February 22, 1969". The Daily Star. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2021.