1965 Pakistani general election

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1965 Pakistani general election
← 1962 21 March 1965 1970 →

150 of the 156 seats in the National Assembly
76 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Seats
PML Muhammad Ayub Khan 120
COP Fatima Jinnah 10
Independents 14
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

General elections were held in Pakistan on 21 March 1965.[1] The National Assembly was elected indirectly by the basic democracy electoral college system, with electoral college members elected in October and November 1964.


The 1962 constitution provided for an indirectly elected 156-seat National Assembly, of which 150 seats were elected from single-member constituencies by electoral colleges and six seats reserved for women,[2] who were elected by the 150 general members.[1] The seats were divided equally between East and West Pakistan.[2] There were 80,000 members of the electoral college ("basic democrats"), 40,000 in each wing.[3]

The electoral college members were elected between 31 October and 9 November 1964 in West Pakistan and from 10 to 19 November in East Pakistan.[4] A total of 264,254 candidates submitted nomination papers, of which 192,416 were successfully registered after disqualifications, withdrawals and retirements.[4] 11,652 were elected unopposed.[4]

The first task of the basic democrats was to elect the president, which occurred on 2 January 1965.[5]


Several opposition parties, including the Awami League, the Council Muslim League, Jamaat-e-Islami, the National Awami Party and its northwestern Wali faction, as well as the Nizam-e-Islam Party, formed a coalition to contest the elections as the Combined Opposition Parties.[5]

A total of 672 candidates submitted nomination papers for the National Assembly elections, of which 437 were approved.[1] 18 candidates were elected unopposed from constituencies with 10,651 basic democrats.[1][4]

The Pakistan Muslim League won 120 seats and the opposition Combined Opposition Party and National Democratic Front 16.[1] 25 incumbent MPs lost their seats, including one minister.[1]

Pakistan Muslim League120
Combined Opposition Parties10
National Democratic Front6
Source: Kamran

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Sharif al-Mujahid (November 1965). "The Assembly Elections in Pakistan" (PDF). Asian Survey. 5 (11): 538–551. doi:10.2307/2642133. JSTOR 2642133.
  2. ^ a b The Commonwealth Relations Office Year Book, Volume 13. 1964. pp. 289–291.
  3. ^ Syedur Rahman (2010). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. liv. ISBN 978-0-8108-7453-4.
  4. ^ a b c d M. Rashiduzzaman (1968). "Indirect elections in Pakistan" (PDF). Zeitschrift für Politik. 15 (3): 326–336. JSTOR 24222743.
  5. ^ a b Tahir Kamran. "Electoral Politics in Pakistan (1955-1969)" (PDF). p. 92.