1955

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From top to bottom, left to right: PLA troops assaulting Nationalist positions in Battle of Yijiangshan Islands; The Freedom Charter memorial in Kliptown, Soweto.; Disneyland opens in Anaheim, California; Weather map of Hurricane Diane as it neared North Carolina; Rosa Parks being fingerprinted by Deputy Sheriff D.H. Lackey after her arrest for boycotting public transportation; Saigon City Hall display The results of the 1955 State of Vietnam referendum; the Conference that during which the Warsaw Pact was established and signed; Plenary session during the Bandung Conference.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1955 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1955
MCMLV
Ab urbe condita2708
Armenian calendar1404
ԹՎ ՌՆԴ
Assyrian calendar6705
Baháʼí calendar111–112
Balinese saka calendar1876–1877
Bengali calendar1362
Berber calendar2905
British Regnal yearEliz. 2 – 4 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2499
Burmese calendar1317
Byzantine calendar7463–7464
Chinese calendar甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4652 or 4445
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4653 or 4446
Coptic calendar1671–1672
Discordian calendar3121
Ethiopian calendar1947–1948
Hebrew calendar5715–5716
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2011–2012
 - Shaka Samvat1876–1877
 - Kali Yuga5055–5056
Holocene calendar11955
Igbo calendar955–956
Iranian calendar1333–1334
Islamic calendar1374–1375
Japanese calendarShōwa 30
(昭和30年)
Javanese calendar1886–1887
Juche calendar44
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4288
Minguo calendarROC 44
民國44年
Nanakshahi calendar487
Thai solar calendar2498
Tibetan calendar阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
2081 or 1700 or 928
    — to —
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
2082 or 1701 or 929

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

January 7: Marian Anderson at the Met
January 22: ICBM

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

April 15: McDonald's

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

August 19: Hurricane Diane

September[edit]

September 18: Britain annexes Rockall

October[edit]

November[edit]

October 26: Austria free

December[edit]

December 14: Tappan Zee Bridge opens

World population[edit]

  • World population: 2,755,823,000
    • Africa: 246,746,000
    • Asia: 1,541,947,000
    • Europe: 575,184,000
    • South America: 190,797,000
    • North America: 186,884,000
    • Oceania: 14,265,000

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

Rowan Atkinson
J. K. Simmons
Kevin Costner
Sir Simon Rattle
Olivier Assayas
Eddie Van Halen
John Roberts
Vinod Khosla
Nicolas Sarkozy
Mychal Thompson

February[edit]

Mo Yan
Jeff Daniels
Kelsey Grammer
Steve Jobs
Alain Prost
Leann Hunley
Grady Booch

March[edit]

Penn Jillette
Nina Hagen
Gary Sinise
Jair Bolsonaro
Bruce Willis
Mariano Rajoy
Reba McEntire
Brendan Gleeson
Marina Sirtis
Angus Young

April[edit]

Sirindhorn
Akira Toriyama
Michael Rooker
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Judy Davis
John Nunn
Eddie Jobson
Kate Mulgrew

May[edit]

Tom Bergeron
Big Van Vader
Bill Paxton
James Gosling
Rosanne Cash
Richard Schiff
John Hinckley Jr.
Tommy Emmanuel
Susie Essman

June[edit]

Dana Carvey
Sam Simon
Tim Richmond
Griffin Dunne
Laurie Metcalf
Michel Platini
Isabelle Adjani
Sir Tim Berners-Lee

July[edit]

Li Keqiang
Lindsey Graham
Jimmy Smits
Adrienne King
Dannel Malloy
Béla Tarr
Willem Dafoe
Iman
Asif Ali Zardari

August[edit]

Billy Bob Thornton
Richard Hilton
Apisai Ielemia
Mike Huckabee
Sergey Khlebnikov

September[edit]

Billy Blanks
John Kricfalusi
Edward Hibbert
Charles Martinet
Zucchero Fornaciari

October[edit]

Tommy Wiseau
Yo-Yo Ma
Bill Gates
Indra Nooyi

November[edit]

Kris Jenner
Maria Shriver
Roland Emmerich
Whoopi Goldberg
Guillermo Lasso
Bill Nye
Howie Mandel

December[edit]

Xander Berkeley
Jane Kaczmarek

Deaths[edit]

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

Hans Hedtoft

February[edit]

Constantin Argetoianu

March[edit]

Sir Alexander Fleming

April[edit]

Albert Einstein

May[edit]

Mary McLeod Bethune

June[edit]

Walter Hampden

July[edit]

Adolfo de la Huerta

August[edit]

Carmen Miranda

September[edit]

James Dean

October[edit]

José Ortega y Gasset

November[edit]

Shemp Howard

December[edit]

Hermann Weyl

Nobel Prizes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marjorie Millace Whiteman (1963). Digest of International Law. U.S. Department of State. p. 306.
  2. ^ United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations (1959). Policy statements. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 724.
  3. ^ Xiaobing Li; Hongshan Li (1998). China and the United States: A New Cold War History. University Press of America. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-7618-0978-4.
  4. ^ United States. National Archives and Records Administration; Robert B. Matchette (1995). Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States: Record groups 171-515. National Archives and Records Administration. p. 579. ISBN 978-0-16-048312-7.
  5. ^ Although audio recordings exist, there is no known video footage of this appearance.
  6. ^ Wagner III, John; Hollenbeck, John R. (2020). Organizational Behavior: Securing Competitive Advantage. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-33490-6.
  7. ^ Isserman, Maurice; Weaver, Stewart (2008). "The Golden Age of Himalayan Climbing". Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes (1 ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 326. ISBN 9780300115017.
  8. ^ 1954 Geneva Conference Article 14(d).
  9. ^ The Simonstown Agreement: Memorandum by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, 29 October 1974.
  10. ^ "1955". Houghton Mifflin Guide to Science & Technology.
  11. ^ National Climatic Data Center. "Category 5 Monsters!". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  12. ^ [s.n.] (May 1956). "L'affaire du Mail". Der Kreis / Le Cercle (in French). Vol. XXIV, no. 5. pp. 29–31. doi:10.5169/seals-569258.{{cite magazine}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "Name of Technical Sergeant Richard B. Fitzgibbon to be added to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial". Department of Defense (DoD). Archived from the original on October 20, 2013.
  14. ^ "Liberal-Democratic Party of Japan | political party, Japan". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  15. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (April 23, 2023). "Goodnight possum! Tributes to Dame Edna creator Barry Humphries". The Observer. London. p. 8. Retrieved April 25, 2023.
  16. ^ Marsh, James; Roberts, Chris; Benjamin, Toby (2015) [1st pub. 2012]. Spirit of Talk Talk (expanded paperback ed.). London: Rocket 88. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-906615-95-6.
  17. ^ Gallagher, James (October 2, 2023). "Nobel Prize goes to scientists behind mRNA Covid vaccines". BBC News. Retrieved October 2, 2023.
  18. ^ Editors of Chase's (September 24, 2019). Chase's Calendar of Events 2020: The Ultimate Go-to Guide for Special Days, Weeks and Months. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-64143-316-7.
  19. ^ Editors of Chase's (September 30, 2018). Chase's Calendar of Events 2019: The Ultimate Go-to Guide for Special Days, Weeks and Months. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-64143-264-1.
  20. ^ B. Turner (January 12, 2017). The Statesman's Yearbook 2008: The Politics, Cultures and Economies of the World. Springer. p. 468. ISBN 978-1-349-74024-6.
  21. ^ "Virginia Ruzici". Women's Tennis Association.
  22. ^ "Candy Reynolds". Women's Tennis Association.
  23. ^ "Dodi's Life in the Fast Lane". Vanity Fair. May 24, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2022.
  24. ^ East, Roger; Thomas, Richard J. (June 3, 2014). Profiles of People in Power: The World's Government Leaders. Routledge. p. 359. ISBN 978-1-317-63939-8.
  25. ^ "Press release: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2022". Nobel Prize. October 3, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  26. ^ "Tim Berners-Lee | Biography, Education, Internet, Contributions, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2023. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  27. ^ Jeffries, Stuart (March 29, 2023). "Paul O'Grady obituary". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 29, 2023. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  28. ^ Kansanedustajat: Eero Heinäluoma – Eduskunta (in Finnish)
  29. ^ "5 de enero, el día que la Asamblea Nacional tuvo dos presidentes". Efecto Cocuyo. January 6, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
  30. ^ "Israel Katz". Knesset. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  31. ^ "Biography". CIDOB (in Spanish). Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2021.
  32. ^ Marcel Déat French politician
  33. ^ "BBC - History - Alexander Fleming". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  34. ^ "Ruth Poll Dies". The Cash Box. March 26, 1955. p. 17. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  35. ^ "'Round the Wax Circle". The Cash Box. October 15, 1949. p. 9. Retrieved March 19, 2023.
  36. ^ "Tibor Szele". MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  37. ^ Deol, Taran (July 25, 2019). "Jim Corbett — the man known for being both a hunter and champion of tigers".
  38. ^ John Henry Towers 30 January 1885 - 30 April 1955
  39. ^ Jr, David L. Hudson. "Owen Roberts". www.mtsu.edu.
  40. ^ Smith, Kenneth Manley (1955). "Redcliffe Nathan Salaman, 1874-1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 238–245. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0017. S2CID 71902371.
  41. ^ "Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor: Biografía y Gobierno" [Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor: Biography and Government] (in Spanish). lifeder.com. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  42. ^ "Florence Easton | Opera Scotland". operascotland.org.
  43. ^ Duval, Raymond-Francis
  44. ^ "Manuel Ávila Camacho" (in Spanish). Biografias y Vidas. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  45. ^ Dunn, Elwood D.; Beyan, Amos J.; Burrowes, Carl Patrick (2000). Historical Dictionary of Liberia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 9781461659310.