1937 Sind Legislative Assembly election
All 60 seats in the Sind Legislative Assembly
Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Sind were held in January and February 1937. These were the first elections in the province after its creation in 1936. The Communal Award of 1932 had allocated sixty assembly seats to Sind, based on which it now formed an assembly of its own.
The seats were divided amongst the following electoral colleges; Muslims Rural 31 seats, Muslims Urban 2 seats, Women Muslim Urban 1 seat, General Rural 15 seats, General Urban 3 seats, Women General Urban 1 seat, Europeans 2 seats, Landowners 2 seats, Commerce and Industry 2 seats and Labour 1 seat. In total, there were 639,043 eligible voters.
The Sind United Party won twenty-two of the Muslim seats, the Sind Muslim Political Party won four seats 4 whilst the Sind Azad Party won three seats. The party identity of one Muslim delegate was unclear. Independent candidates won the remaining nine seats from the Muslim constituencies.
In the General constituencies, the Sind Hindu Mahasabha won eleven seats, the Congress Party eight seats, Independent Hindus two seats and Independent Labour Party one seat. From the European and Commercial and Industry constituencies, non-party candidates were elected.
However, whilst the Sind United Party had emerged as the winner of the election its two most prominent leaders (Haji Abdullah Haroon and Shah Nawaz Bhutto) had failed to win the seats they contested. Haroon had contested the Lyari constituency, in northern Karachi. The Lyari seat was won by Sardar Allah Baksh Gabol. The Larkana seat, which Bhutto had contested, was won by Sheikh Abdul Majid Sindhi.
After the election the governor of Sind asked the leader of the Sind Muslim Political Party to form a cabinet. Largescale defections took place from the ranks of the Sind United Party and the Sind Azad Party in the assembly.
United Party senior leader Allah Bux Soomro later served as Premier of Sindh from March 23, 1938 – April 18, 1940 until a no-confidence motion was passed against him by the Indian National Congress and Muslim League. He was briefly elected back to power and served briefly from March 27, 1942 – October 14, 1942, but was dismissed by the Governor due to his support for the Quit India Movement.
|1||Abdul Majid Lilram Shaikh||Larkana|
|2||Abdul Sattar Abdul Rahman Pirzada||Sukkur|
|3||Akhji Ratansing Sodho||Tharparkar|
|4||Khan Sahab Allah Bux Khudadad Khan Gabol||Karachi|
|5||Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Muhammad Umar Soomro, O.B.E.||Sukkur|
|6||Sian Bahadur Mir Allahdad Khan Imam Bux Khan Talpur||Tharparkar|
|7||Khan Bahadur Haji Amir Ali Tharo Khan Lahori||Larkana|
|8||Arbab Togachi Mir Muhammad||Tharparkar|
|9||Bhojsing Gurdinomal Pahalajani||Sukkur|
|10||Dialmal Doulatram||Landlord - seat|
|12||Ghanshyam Jethanand Shivdasani||Hyderabad|
|14||Mir Ghulam Ali Bandehali Talpur||Hyderabad|
|15||Mir Ghulam Allah Khan Mir Haji Hussain Bux Khan||Hyderabad|
|16||Makhdoom Ghulam Haider Makhdoom Zaheeruddin||Hyderabad|
|17||Pir Ghulam Haider Shah Sahib Dino Shah||Tharparkar|
|18||Khan Bahadur Ghulam Muhammad Abdullah Khan Isran||Larkana|
|19||Ghulam Murtaza Shah Muhammad Shah, Syed||Dadu|
|20||Khan Bhahdur Ghulam Nabi Shah Moujali Shah, M.B.E||Tharparkar|
|22||Hassaram Sunderdas Pamnani||Sukkur|
|23||Dr. Hemandas Rupchand Wadhwani||Upper Sindh Frontier District|
|24||Hotchand Hiranand Rai Bahadur||Nawabshah|
|25||Pir Illahi Bux Nawaz Ali||Dadu|
|26||Issardas Varindmal||Commerce & Industry|
|27||Khan Sahab Jaffer Khan Gul Muhammad Khan Burdi||Jacobadad|
|28||Jamshed Nusserwanji Mehta||Karachi|
|29||Jam Jan Muhammad Khan Muhammad Sharif Junejo||Sanghar|
|30||Mrs. Jenubai Ghulam Ali Allana||Karachi|
|31||Miss. Jethibai Tulsidas Sipahimalani||Hyderabad|
|32||Khan Bhahadur Kaisar Khan Ghulam Mohammad Khan Bozdar||Sukkur|
|33||Khair Shah Imam Ali Shah, Syed (Oath on 3rd August 1937)||Nawabshah|
|34||Col. H.J. Mahon||European Sindh|
|35||Miran Muhammad Shah Zainul-ab-din Shah||Hyderabad|
|36||Muhammad Ali Shah Allahando Shah, Syed||Nawabshah|
|37||K.B Muhammad Ayub Shah Muhammad Khan Khuhro||Larkana|
|38||Muhammad Hashim Faiz Mohammad Alias Gazdar||Karachi|
|39||Mir Muhammad Khan Nawab Ghaibi Khan Chandio||Larkana|
|40||Muhammad Usman Muhammad Khan Soomro||Thatta|
|41||Muhammad Yousif Khan Bahadur Khair Mohammad Khan Chandio||Thatta|
|42||Naraindas Anandji Bechar||Karachi|
|44||Nichaldas Chatomal Vazirani||Thatta|
|45||Nur Muhammad Shah Murad Ali Shah, Syed||Nawabshah|
|46||Dr. D.N.O Sullivan||Karachi|
|48||Dr. Popatlal A. Bhoopatkar||Karachi|
|50||Rasool Bux Khan Muhammad Bux Khan Unar||Nawabshah|
|51||Khan Sahab Rasool Bux Shah Mahboob Shah, Syed||Sukkur|
|52||Rustomji Khurshedji Sidhwa||Karachi|
|53||Mir. Bandehali Khan Mir Haji Mohammad Hussain Khan Talpur||Hyderabad|
|54||Shamsuddin Khan Abdul Kabir Khan Barikzai (Durani)||Sukkur|
|56||Mir Zain-ul-din Khan Mir Sunder Khan Sundrani||Jacababad|
|57||Khan Sahab Sohrab Khan Sahib Dino Khan Sarki||Jacababad|
|58||Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas|
|59||Dewan Bahadur Hiranand Khemsing||Hyderabad|
|60||Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah Shaikh, Kt. K.C.S.I.||Karachi|
- ^ a b c d e f Afzal, Nasreen. Role of Sir Abdullah Haroon in Politics of Sindh (1872-1942)
- ^ a b c d Ansari, Sarah F. D. Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Cambridge South Asian studies, 50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. pp. 115-116
- ^ a b K. R. Malkani (1988). The Sindh Story, Chapter 11: Thrown to the wolves. Allied Publishers. Archived from the original on 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
- ^ "Legislative Assembly of Sind under Government of India Act 1935. (First Assembly - 27 April, 1937 To 1945)". Archived from the original on 2010-08-27. Retrieved 2010-06-19.