1937 Sind Legislative Assembly election

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1937 Sind provincial elections

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All 60 seats in the Sind Legislative Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
Seats won 22 11 8

Indian Provincial Election 1937.svg

Elections to the Legislative Assembly of Sind were held in January and February 1937.[1] These were the first elections in the province after its creation in 1936. The Communal Award of 1932 had allocated sixty assembly seats to Sind, based on which it now formed an assembly of its own.[2]

The seats were divided amongst the following electoral colleges; Muslims Rural 31 seats, Muslims Urban 2 seats, Women Muslim Urban 1 seat, General Rural 15 seats, General Urban 3 seats, Women General Urban 1 seat, Europeans 2 seats, Landowners 2 seats, Commerce and Industry 2 seats and Labour 1 seat.[2] In total, there were 639,043 eligible voters.[1]

The Sind United Party won twenty-two of the Muslim seats, the Sind Muslim Political Party won four seats 4 whilst the Sind Azad Party won three seats. The party identity of one Muslim delegate was unclear. Independent candidates won the remaining nine seats from the Muslim constituencies.[1]

In the General constituencies, the Sind Hindu Mahasabha won eleven seats, the Congress Party eight seats, Independent Hindus two seats and Independent Labour Party one seat. From the European and Commercial and Industry constituencies, non-party candidates were elected.[1]

However, whilst the Sind United Party had emerged as the winner of the election its two most prominent leaders (Haji Abdullah Haroon and Shah Nawaz Bhutto) had failed to win the seats they contested.[2] Haroon had contested the Lyari constituency, in northern Karachi. The Lyari seat was won by Sardar Allah Baksh Gabol. The Larkana seat, which Bhutto had contested, was won by Sheikh Abdul Majid Sindhi.[1]

After the election the governor of Sind asked the leader of the Sind Muslim Political Party to form a cabinet. Largescale defections took place from the ranks of the Sind United Party and the Sind Azad Party in the assembly.[2]

United Party senior leader Allah Bux Soomro later served as Premier of Sindh from March 23, 1938 – April 18, 1940 until a no-confidence motion was passed against him by the Indian National Congress and Muslim League.[3] He was briefly elected back to power and served briefly from March 27, 1942 – October 14, 1942, but was dismissed by the Governor due to his support for the Quit India Movement.[3]

Winning members[edit]

# Name Constituency
1 Abdul Majid Lilram Shaikh Larkana
2 Abdul Sattar Abdul Rahman Pirzada Sukkur
3 Akhji Ratansing Sodho Tharparkar
4 Khan Sahab Allah Bux Khudadad Khan Gabol Karachi
5 Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Muhammad Umar Soomro, O.B.E. Sukkur
6 Sian Bahadur Mir Allahdad Khan Imam Bux Khan Talpur Tharparkar
7 Khan Bahadur Haji Amir Ali Tharo Khan Lahori Larkana
8 Arbab Togachi Mir Muhammad Tharparkar
9 Bhojsing Gurdinomal Pahalajani Sukkur
10 Dialmal Doulatram Landlord - seat
11 Doulatram Mohandas Sukkur
12 Ghanshyam Jethanand Shivdasani Hyderabad
13 Ghanumal Tarachand Hyderabad
14 Mir Ghulam Ali Bandehali Talpur Hyderabad
15 Mir Ghulam Allah Khan Mir Haji Hussain Bux Khan Hyderabad
16 Makhdoom Ghulam Haider Makhdoom Zaheeruddin Hyderabad
17 Pir Ghulam Haider Shah Sahib Dino Shah Tharparkar
18 Khan Bahadur Ghulam Muhammad Abdullah Khan Isran Larkana
19 Ghulam Murtaza Shah Muhammad Shah, Syed Dadu
20 Khan Bhahdur Ghulam Nabi Shah Moujali Shah, M.B.E Tharparkar
21 R.S GokaldasMewaldas Larkana
22 Hassaram Sunderdas Pamnani Sukkur
23 Dr. Hemandas Rupchand Wadhwani  Upper Sindh Frontier District
24 Hotchand Hiranand Rai Bahadur  Nawabshah
25 Pir Illahi Bux Nawaz Ali Dadu
26 Issardas Varindmal Commerce & Industry
27 Khan Sahab Jaffer Khan Gul Muhammad Khan Burdi Jacobadad
28 Jamshed Nusserwanji Mehta Karachi
29 Jam Jan Muhammad Khan Muhammad Sharif Junejo Sanghar
30 Mrs. Jenubai Ghulam Ali Allana Karachi
31 Miss. Jethibai Tulsidas Sipahimalani Hyderabad
32 Khan Bhahadur Kaisar Khan Ghulam Mohammad  Khan Bozdar Sukkur
33 Khair Shah Imam Ali Shah, Syed (Oath on 3rd August 1937) Nawabshah
34 Col. H.J. Mahon European Sindh
35 Miran Muhammad Shah Zainul-ab-din Shah Hyderabad
36 Muhammad Ali Shah Allahando Shah, Syed Nawabshah
37 K.B Muhammad Ayub Shah Muhammad Khan Khuhro Larkana
38 Muhammad Hashim Faiz Mohammad Alias Gazdar Karachi
39 Mir Muhammad Khan Nawab Ghaibi Khan Chandio Larkana
40 Muhammad Usman Muhammad Khan Soomro  Thatta
41 Muhammad Yousif Khan Bahadur Khair Mohammad Khan Chandio Thatta 
42 Naraindas Anandji Bechar Karachi
43 Newandram Vishindas Karachi
44 Nichaldas Chatomal Vazirani Thatta
45 Nur Muhammad Shah Murad Ali Shah, Syed  Nawabshah
46 Dr. D.N.O Sullivan  Karachi
47 Partabrai Kaisukhdas Tharparkar
48 Dr. Popatlal A. Bhoopatkar Karachi
49 G.H Raschen Karachi
50 Rasool Bux Khan Muhammad Bux Khan Unar Nawabshah
51 Khan Sahab Rasool Bux Shah Mahboob Shah, Syed Sukkur
52 Rustomji Khurshedji Sidhwa  Karachi
53 Mir. Bandehali Khan Mir Haji Mohammad Hussain Khan Talpur Hyderabad
54 Shamsuddin Khan Abdul Kabir Khan Barikzai (Durani)  Sukkur
55 Sitaldas Perumal Tharparkar
56 Mir Zain-ul-din Khan Mir Sunder Khan Sundrani Jacababad
57 Khan Sahab Sohrab Khan Sahib Dino Khan Sarki Jacababad
58 Mukhi Gobindram Pritamdas  
59 Dewan Bahadur Hiranand Khemsing Hyderabad
60 Sir Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah Shaikh, Kt. K.C.S.I. Karachi


  1. ^ a b c d e f Afzal, Nasreen. Role of Sir Abdullah Haroon in Politics of Sindh (1872-1942) Archived 2012-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d Ansari, Sarah F. D. Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Cambridge South Asian studies, 50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. pp. 115-116
  3. ^ a b K. R. Malkani (1988). The Sindh Story, Chapter 11: Thrown to the wolves. Allied Publishers. Archived from the original on 2012-06-21. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
  4. ^ "Legislative Assembly of Sind under Government of India Act 1935. (First Assembly - 27 April, 1937 To 1945)". Archived from the original on 2010-08-27. Retrieved 2010-06-19.