1792 half disme
The 1792 half disme (pronounced "deem") is an American silver coin with a face value of five cents which was minted in 1792. Although it is subject to debate as to whether this was intended to be circulating coinage or instead an experimental issue, President George Washington referred to it as "a small beginning" and many of the coins eventually were released into circulation. It is widely (although not universally) considered the first United States coinage struck under authority of the Coinage Act of 1792.
When speaking to the House of Representatives in November 1792, President Washington mentioned the "want of small coins in circulation" and stated that he had begun work on establishing a U.S. Mint and that some half dismes had been produced already. At this point, most of the personnel had been hired, but the Mint's buildings and machinery were not yet ready. As a result, the half dismes, which had been struck in or around July 1792, were produced using the private facilities of local craftsman John Harper, although under the auspices of official Mint personnel. In his personal log book, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson recorded the receipt of 1,500 specimens on July 13.
Because of President Washington's connection with these early coins, numismatic folklore holds that the portrait on the obverse is that of First Lady Martha Washington and that some of the coins were struck using melted-down silverware from the Washington household. However, there is no solid evidence for either of these assertions. To the contrary, evidence uncovered from Thomas Jefferson's memorandum book shows that he provided "75 (Mexican) Silver Dollars" and received the first 1,500 half dismes. He then spent those coins on his trip home to Monticello.
Production, rarity, and value
Although the exact number is not known, it is believed that between 2,000 and 3,500 specimens were produced. Approximately 10% of these survive today; one expert estimated between 250 and 400 half dismes exist, and most appear to have been used in circulation for some time. An about uncirculated (AU55 on the Sheldon coin grading scale) 1792 half disme was auctioned for $138,000 on July 24, 2004. A 1792 half disme graded MS65 was valued in 2018 on the American reality television series Pawn Stars at $500,000-600,000. A specimen strike from the Starr collection, graded MS67 by PCGS, sold for $1,322,500 on April 26, 2006. The highest numerically graded piece, an NGC MS68, sold for $1,500,000 by private treaty transaction in 2007.
Although nearly all 1792 half dismes were produced in a silver alloy, a unique pattern piece in copper is also known.
- ^ "1792 Half Disme (Deem) First Coin US Coin Image, Facts". www.coinauctionshelp.com. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
- ^ "1792 Half Disme (Dime)".
- ^ "Half Dimes". Retrieved 31 May 2011.
- ^ a b "1792 Half Disme SP67 PCGS, sold for $1,322,500". 2006-04-26. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
- ^ a b Garrett, J.; Guth, R. (2003). 100 Greatest U.S. Coins. Atlanta, GA: H.E. Harris & Co. p. 35. ISBN 0-7948-1665-7.
"1792 half disme. Judd-7, Pollock-7. Rarity-4". Stack's: Rare Coins for Sale: Numismatic Auctions. Stack's, LLC. 2004. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
The legend part of the story has it that George Washington personally donated tableware to be melted for the silver, and in return received these pieces to give as gifts to VIPs. Another bit of folklore is that the image is of Martha Washington, which does not square at all with reality (for example, a contemporary portrait of Martha Washington, an image of which is in our research file, looks nothing at all like the portrait on the half disme).
- ^ Augsburger, Pete Smith, Joel J. Orosz & Leonard. "A More Accurate History of the 1792 Half Disme". blog.money.org. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
- ^ "American Numismatic Rarities, the Oliver Jung Collection, July 24, 2004". 2004-07-24. Retrieved 21 August 2006.
- ^ "Pawn Stars". Pawn Stars - Youtube. 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
- ^ "Finest Known 1792 Half Disme To Be Displayed".