# Up tack

(Redirected from ⊥)

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The **up tack** or **falsum** (**⊥**, `\bot`

in LaTeX, U+22A5 in Unicode^{[1]}) is a constant symbol used to represent:

- The truth value 'false', or a logical constant denoting a proposition in logic that is always false (often called "falsum" or "absurdum").
- The bottom element in wheel theory and lattice theory, which also represents absurdum when used for logical semantics
- The bottom type in type theory, which is the bottom element in the subtype relation. This may coincide with the empty type, which represents absurdum under the Curry–Howard correspondence

as well as

- Mixed radix decoding in the APL programming language

The glyph of the up tack appears as an upside-down tee symbol, and as such is sometimes called **eet** (the word "tee" in reverse).^{[citation needed]} Tee plays a complementary or dual role in many of these theories.

The similar-looking **perpendicular symbol** (**⟂**, `\perp`

in LaTeX, U+27C2 in Unicode) is a binary relation symbol used to represent:

- Perpendicularity of lines in geometry
- Orthogonality in linear algebra
- Independence of random variables in probability theory
- Coprimality in number theory

The **double tack up** symbol (**⫫**, U+2AEB in Unicode^{[2]}) is a constant symbol used to represent:

## See also[edit]

## Notes[edit]

**^**"Mathematical Operators – Unicode" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-07-20.**^**"Mathematical Operators – Unicode" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-07-20.**^**"Conditional independence notation". 27 March 2020.