|18th Chairwoman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
16 November 2022 – 16 July 2023
|Preceded by||Šefik Džaferović|
|Succeeded by||Željko Komšić|
|8th Serb Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Assumed office |
16 November 2022
|Prime Minister||Borjana Krišto|
|Preceded by||Milorad Dodik|
|9th President of Republika Srpska|
19 November 2018 – 15 November 2022
|Preceded by||Milorad Dodik|
|Succeeded by||Milorad Dodik|
|11th Prime Minister of Republika Srpska|
12 March 2013 – 19 November 2018
|Preceded by||Aleksandar Džombić|
|Succeeded by||Radovan Višković|
4 March 1967
Teslić, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia
|Political party||Alliance of Independent Social Democrats|
|Alma mater||University of Sarajevo |
University of Banja Luka
Željka Cvijanović (née Grabovac; Serbian Cyrillic: Жељка Цвијановић, pronounced [ʒêːʎka tsʋijǎːnoʋitɕ]; born 4 March 1967) is a Bosnian Serb politician serving as the 8th and current Serb member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2022. She previously served as the 9th president of Republika Srpska from 2018 to 2022.
A member of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, Cvijanović was the 11th prime minister of Republika Srpska from 2013 to 2018. At the 2018 general election, she was elected president of Republika Srpska, assuming office on 19 November 2018.
At the 2022 general election, Cvijanović was elected as the Serb member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, becoming the first female member of the Presidency since the end of the Bosnian War. She was sworn in as Presidency member on 16 November 2022.
Early life and education
Cvijanović was born Željka Grabovac in Teslić, present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina on 4 March 1967. Before going into full-time politics, she was an English teacher. Cvijanović studied at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Sarajevo, the Faculty of Philosophy in Banja Luka and the Faculty of Law in Banja Luka. She is a professor of English language and literature and also holds a master's degree in diplomatic and consular law from the Banja Luka Law School on "The International and legal status of the EU".
Cvijanović worked as a teacher of English and as a senior interpreter and assistant for the European Union Monitoring Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Then she was an advisor for European Integration and cooperation with international organizations to the prime minister of Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik; as Chief of Cabinet Affairs of the prime minister; and managed the Unit for coordination and European integration.
In the 2010–2014 parliamentary term, Cvijanović was an expert-external member of the Committee for European Integration and Regional Cooperation of the National Assembly of Republika Srpska. On 29 December 2010, she was appointed to the position of minister of economic affairs and regional Cooperation in the Government of Republika Srpska led by prime minister Aleksandar Džombić. On 12 March 2013, Cvijanović was appointed prime minister of Republika Srpska, succeeding Džombić. As the new prime minister, she became the first woman to serve in that office.
At the 2014 general election, Cvijanović stood as a candidate of the incumbent coalition SNSD-DNS-SP for the Serb member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. She lost against the opposition candidate Mladen Ivanić (PDP) by a narrow margin, and was later reappointed as prime minister of Republika Srpska in the entity's 15th cabinet.
At the 2018 general election, Cvijanović was elected president of Republika Srpska, assuming office on 19 November 2018. On 11 April 2022, she and Milorad Dodik, the Serb member of the Bosnian Presidency, were sanctioned by the United Kingdom for attempting to undermine the legitimacy of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss stating that Dodik and Cvijanović "are deliberately undermining the hard-won peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Encouraged by Putin [Vladimir Putin], their reckless behavior threatens stability and security across the Western Balkans." On 15 November 2022, Cvijanović was succeeded by Dodik as president of Republika Srpska.
2022 general election
At the general election, held on 2 October 2022, she was elected to the Presidency, having obtained 51.65% of the vote and thus becoming the first female member of the Presidency as established after the Bosnian War. The Serb Democratic Party candidate Mirko Šarović, was second with 35.45%.
|Award or decoration||Country||Awarded by||Year||Place|
|Order of the Republic of Serbia||Serbia||Aleksandar Vučić||2022||Belgrade|
- "Biographies". www.predsjednistvobih.ba. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
- Zeljka Cvijanovic new Prime Minister of Republic Srpska
- "Okončano brojanje u RS: Cvijanović osvojila 29.999 glasova više od Govedarice" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
- "Željka Cvijanović na svečanosti preuzela mandat predsjednice RS-a" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- "Britain Sanctions Bosnian Serb Politicians For Pushing 'De Facto Secession' Of Republika Srpska". Raido Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 11 April 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
- M.G. (15 November 2022). "Predsjednik i potpredsjednici RS-a položili zakletvu, Dodik opet izazvao skandal" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
- E.Ć. (1 July 2022). "SNSD šalje Cvijanović u utrku za člana Predsjedništva BiH, Dodik kandidat za predsjednika RS". avaz.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 1 July 2022.
- "Željka Cvijanović će biti prva žena u Predsjedništvu BiH od završetka rata". fokus.ba (in Bosnian). 2 October 2022. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
- D.Be. (23 October 2022). "Bećirović dobio 116 hiljada glasova više od Izetbegovića, a Cvijanović sama više od svojih protukandidata skupa" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 23 October 2022.
- "Komšić, Cvijanović i Bećirović preuzeli dužnost u Predsjedništvu BiH". Radio Slobodna Evropa (in Bosnian). 16 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.
- "'Huge, historic move': EU grants Bosnia and Herzegovina Candidate Status". Sarajevo Times. 15 December 2022. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
- Pavković, Jozo (18 September 2018). "Srpske premijerke optužene da su ustaške "unučice"". Večernji list (in Bosnian). Retrieved 18 January 2021.
- "Željka Cvijanović primila vakcinu protiv koronavirusa" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. 2 April 2021. Retrieved 2 April 2021.
- Željka Cvijanović at imovinapoliticara.cin.ba