İslam Mecmuası

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İslam Mecmuası
EditorKazanlı Halim Sabit
CategoriesPolitical magazine
First issue12 February 1914
Final issue30 October 1918
CountryOttoman Empire
Based inConstantinople
LanguageOttoman Turkish

İslam Mecmuası (Turkish: Journal of Islam) was a biweekly political magazine which was published in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire, between 1914 and 1918. It is known as being one of the early publications which attempted to provide a synthesis of the nationalism and Islamism, and its motto was dinli bir hayat, hayatlı bir din (Turkish: A life with religion, a religion with life).[1][2] It was sponsored by the Committee of Union and Progress.

History and profile[edit]

İslam Mecmuası was established in 1914 and financed by the Committee of Union and Progress.[1] Its first issue was published on 12 February 1914.[1] Kazanlı Halim Sabit served as its editor.[3] The magazine came out biweekly and was headquartered in Constantinople.[1][4] İslam Mecmuası had thirty-two pages, but then it was reduced to sixteen pages due to paper shortage during World War I.[1] It was printed by different publishing houses throughout its existence.[3]

The magazine aimed at producing a synthesis of the nationalism and Islamism[1] and at presenting a reformist and liberal version of Islam which would be much more compatible with modern lifestyles.[2][5] Unlike other Islamist publications it focused on the social roles and functions of Islam.[1] İslam Mecmuası published the announcement of jihad in November 1914.[4] It ceased publication on 30 October 1918 after producing a total of sixty-three issues.[3][5]


Notable contributors of İslam Mecmuası included Ahmet Ağaoğlu, Besim Atalay, Aka Gündüz and Ömer Seyfettin.[1] They were from three different groups: ulemas such as Shaykh al-Islām Musa Kazım Efendi, İzmirli İsmail Hakkı and Şerafeddin Yaltıkaya, Islamic reformers such as Şemsettin Günaltay and Halim Sabit, and pan-Turkists such as Ziya Gökalp and Mehmet Fuat Köprülü.[6]

Contributors of İslam Mecmuası often confronted with the conservative Islamists whose media outlet was Sebilürreşad journal.[5][7] The debates were mostly about the reform in Islam and began just after the publication of Ziya Gökalp's article entitled Fıkıh ve İçtimaiyat (Ottoman Turkish: Fiqh and Sociology) in İslam Mecmuası.[7] The tensions between two camps increased in 1915 when İslam Mecmuası openly supported the restrictions on the authority of the Shaykh al-Islām.[5][7]

İslam Mecmuası was the first publication in the Empire which introduced the views of Ibn Taymiyyah, a Salafi thinker, through the articles of Şerafeddin Yaltıkaya.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Tuba Çavdar Karatepe (2001). "İslâm Mecmuası". Islam Encyclopedia (in Turkish). Vol. 23. pp. 53–54.
  2. ^ a b Mustafa Gökçek (2015). "Late Ottoman Discourses on Nationalism and Islam and the Contributions of Russia's Muslims". American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 32 (4): 2. doi:10.35632/ajis.v32i4.216.
  3. ^ a b c "İslam Mecmuası" (in Turkish). İslamcı Dergiler Projesi. Retrieved 7 April 2023.
  4. ^ a b Mustafa Aksakal (2016). "The Ottoman Proclamation of Jihad*". In Erik-Jan Zürcher (ed.). Jihad and Islam in World War I. Leiden: Leiden University Press. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-940-060-233-5.
  5. ^ a b c d Amit Bein (2011). Ottoman Ulema, Turkish Republic: Agents of Change and Guardians of Tradition. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press. pp. 46, 47, 49. doi:10.1515/9780804777766. ISBN 9780804777766.
  6. ^ a b Kasuya Gen (2006). "The influence of al-Manar on Islamism in Turkey: the case of Mehmed Âkif". In Stephane A. Dudoignon; Komatsu Hisao; Kosugi Yasushi (eds.). Intellectuals in the Modern Islamic World. London: Routledge. p. 77. doi:10.4324/9780203028315-10. ISBN 9780203028315.
  7. ^ a b c Markus Dressler (2015). "Rereading Ziya Gökalp: Secularism and reform of the Islamic state in the late Young Turk period". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 47 (3): 515–517. doi:10.1017/S0020743815000525. S2CID 148416240.