Älihan Smaiylov

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Älihan Smaiylov
Әлихан Смайылов
Älihan Smaiylov (2022-01-24) (cropped).jpg
Smaiylov in 2022
11th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
Assumed office
11 January 2022
Acting: 5 – 11 January 2022
PresidentKassym-Jomart Tokayev
First DeputyRoman Sklyar
Preceded byAskar Mamin
First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
25 February 2019 – 11 January 2022
Prime MinisterAskar Mamin
Preceded byAskar Mamin
Succeeded byRoman Sklyar
Minister of Finance
In office
18 September 2018 – 18 May 2020
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Prime MinisterBakhytzhan Sagintayev
Askar Mamin
Preceded byBakhyt Sultanov
Succeeded byErulan Jamaubaev
Personal details
Born (1972-12-18) 18 December 1972 (age 49)
Alma-Ata, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
NationalityKazakh
Political partyNur Otan
Spouse(s)Baljan Smaiylova
Children2
Alma materAl-Farabi Kazakh National University
KIMEP University

Alikhan Ashanuly Smaiylov (Kazakh: Әлихан Асханұлы Смайылов, romanized: Älihan Ashanūly Smaiylov; Russian: Алихан Асханович Смаилов, born 18 December 1972) is a Kazakh politician who is serving as Prime Minister of Kazakhstan.[1] Previously, he served as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan under Askar Mamin. He at the same time served as the Minister of Finance from September 2018 until May 2020. Smaiylov was nominated as the new prime minister of Kazakhstan by the country's president following the 2022 Kazakh protests.[2] His candidacy was unanimously approved by the country's parliament.[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

Smaiylov was born in the city of Alma-Ata (now Almaty) in the Kazakh SSR. In 1994, he graduated from the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University with a degree in applied mathematics and then in 1996, from the KIMEP University where he earned master's degree in public administration.[4]

Career[edit]

In 1993, he became an employee of the A-Invest Investment and Privatization Fund. From 1995, Smaiylov was the chief specialist of the Trade and Industry Department of the Almaty City Administration. In 1996, he served as the trainee of the Supreme Economic Council under the President of Kazakhstan. From August 1996 to February 1998, Smaiylov was the deputy head and then the head of Department of the National Statistical Agency of Kazakhstan.[4]

In 1998, he was the deputy chairman of the Committee on Statistics and Analysis of the Agency for Statistical Planning and Reforms of Kazakhstan. From 1998 to 1999, Smaiylov served as the chief expert, head of the sector of the department, state inspector of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan. From August to November 1999, Smaiylov was the state inspector of the Organizational and Control Department of the Presidential Administration. That same year, he became the chairman of the Agency of Kazakhstan on Statistics.[4]

In 2003, Smaiylov was appointed as the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs until he became the chairman of the Board of the Joint Stock Company State Insurance Company for Insurance of Export Credits and Investments. In February 2006, he was appointed as the Vice Minister of Finance until January 2007, when he became the president of JSC National Holding Kazagro. On 21 November 2008, Smaiylov was reappointed as the Vice Minister of Finance. From 27 October 2009, Smaiylov served the chairman of the Agency of Kazakhstan on Statistics again until August 2014, when he became the chairman of the Committee on Statistics.[4][5]

On 11 December 2015, Smaiylov was appointed as the Assistant to the President of Kazakhstan.[6] He served that position until 18 September 2018, when he became the Minister of Finance.[7][8]

On 25 February 2019, he became the First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan in Mamin's government.[9] At the same time, Smaiylov served as the Minister of Finance until 18 May 2020, when he was replaced by Erulan Jamaubaev.[10] From 27 May 2020, Smaiylov is the representative of Kazakhstan in the Eurasian Economic Commission. On January 1, 2022, by Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he was appointed to the post of Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan.[11]

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2022–present)[edit]

Following the outbreak of violent 2022 Kazakh unrest, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in response appointed Smaiylov as the acting Prime Minister on 5 January 2022 after resignation of his predecessor Askar Mamin and his cabinet.[12][13] According to Joanna Lillis from Eurasianet, Smaiylov along with other ministers is a technocrat with role in "carrying the baggage" of a "tainted cabinet" and that his appointment as the head of government would provide more clues in Tokayev's future policies.[14]

On 11 January 2022, the lower house Mazhilis approved Smaiylov as the new PM with 89 MPs from all parties unanimously voting in favour for his candidacy.[15] President Tokayev at the session asserted that Smaiylov's view on Kazakhstan's future economy being "correct" and that he had "a precise plan".[16] From there, Smaiylov himself thanked for support and remarked it as a "great responsibility" and praised Tokayev's existing policies.[15] With 9 out of 20 total ministers being new faces, Smaiylov's cabinet faced tasks in improving the quality of life for citizens, maintain economic growth, dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, restore the widescale damage and leading Kazakhstan out of the aftermath caused by the unrest.[17][18] At the first meeting with cabinet of ministers, Smaiylov proclaimed that the government "must justify the high confidence of the head of state at this difficult moment for the whole country."[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Protests in Kazakhstan over High Fuel Prices - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". www.novinite.com. Retrieved 2022-01-05.
  2. ^ "Kazakh President Announces CSTO Troop Withdrawal, Appoints New PM". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  3. ^ "Токаев назначил новое правительство после протестов". РБК (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  4. ^ a b c d "Смаилов Алихан Асханович ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  5. ^ "Комитет по статистике: вывеска поменялась, руководство осталось". www.forbes.kz. 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  6. ^ tengrinews.kz (2015-12-11). "Назначен помощник Президента Казахстана". Главные новости Казахстана - Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  7. ^ "Alikhan Smailov appointed as Minister of Finance". en.egemen.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  8. ^ "Kazakh president's aide Smailov appointed finance minister". Reuters. 2018-09-18. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  9. ^ February 2019, Aidana Yergaliyeva in Nation on 26 (2019-02-26). "Kazakh President appoints new government, reorganises ministries". The Astana Times. Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  10. ^ INFORM.KZ (2020-05-18). "Kazakhstan appoints new Finance Minister". www.inform.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-08-09.
  11. ^ Smailov Becomes Kazakhstan’s New Prime Minister
  12. ^ "Kazakh president sacks cabinet, declares emergency amid unrest". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  13. ^ "This will not end quickly — or peacefully". Worldcrunch. 2022-01-06. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  14. ^ Lillis, Joanna (2022-01-06). "Kazakhstan explainer: Who's in, who's out as Tokayev tries to take back control?". eurasianet.org. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  15. ^ a b Мұхади, Айнұр (2022-01-11). "Әлихан Смайылов ҚР премьер-министрі болып тағайындалды". Stan.kz (in Kazakh). Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  16. ^ "Қасым-Жомарт Тоқаев ҚР Премьер-Министрі лауазымына Әлихан Смайыловтың кандидатурасын ұсынды". Kazinform (in Kazakh). 2022-01-11. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  17. ^ a b "Премьер-министр Смаилов назвал основные задачи нового правительства Казахстана". www.aa.com.tr (in Russian). 2022-01-12. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  18. ^ "11 из 20 министров, вошедших в состав нового правительства Казахстана, сохранили должности". Медиазона Центральная Азия (in Russian). 2022-01-11. Retrieved 2022-02-22.